Duke University Archives
341 Perkins Library
Durham NC 27708-0202
Phone: (919) 684-5637
Fax: (919) 684-2855
Hours: Monday-Friday, 8:00 a.m.-5:00 p.m.; please contact the
Archives prior to your visit. Access to, and use of, certain types of
records is restricted by Federal law and/or University policy. Some
records may be in off-site storage and advance notice is required for
Services: photocopying available, tape and film duplication on request
Educator, author, Methodist minister; born Frederick Mason Crum; A. B. Wofford College, 1909; Ph.D., University of South Carolina, 1925; Ll.D, 1950. Professor of Biblical Literature, Duke University, 1930-1957. Author, Gullah: Negro Life in the Carolina Sea Islands (1940) and other works. Correspondence, printed matter, hand-and typewritten manuscripts of books and articles, clippings, photos and glass slides, and video and audio tapes, with the bulk dates being 1931-1959. Dr. Crum was a professor of Biblical literature who had interests in black history, psychology, race relations, and recent Methodist church history. His major area of research was the Gullah communities of Edisto and St. Helena, two of the South Carolina Sea Islands, with the bulk of work here dating from the 1930s. Other areas of interest were moral education, pastoral counseling, and religious pageantry. He taught one of the first black studies courses offered in the South (1954).
Restriction: Access to and use of student records is governed by FERPA. Wippert A. Stumpf was Professor of Education, Duke University, 1948-1968. B.S. Univ. of Illinois, 1922; M.A. Univ. of Chicago, 1934; Ph.D., Univ. of Chicago, 1941. Previously a school teacher and administrator for WPA programs, Stumpf was interested in and published in the areas of educational administration, buildings, integration. Material relating to education in Durham and the surrounding area in the 1950s, including: copies of reports used in Wilmer Wilborne et al. v. H. P. Taylor et al., a 1950 civil rights suit against Washington County (North Carolina) schools; three-page survey forms completed by approximately 500 seniors in Durham, Guilford, and Wake County high schools, ca. 1955. The survey was titled "Plans of High School Seniors," and included questions about their families' economic status and educational background.
The Committee was appointed by Malcolm Gillis, Vice-Provost for Academic Affairs and Dean of the Graduate School. Correspondence, memoranda, agenda, clippings, final report (February, 1989), and other materials associated with the planning and execution of the Campus-wide Black on White Symposium on Issues Surrounding the Experiences of Black Students on White Campuses, October, 1988.
Educator, sociologist, and expert on plantation society in the South, Thompson was Professor of Sociology, Duke University, from 1935 to 1970. B.A., University of South Carolina; M.A., University of Missouri; Ph.D., University of Chicago. Compiler, "The Plantation: An International Bibliography" (1983). Chair, Center for Southern Studies, Duke University, 1965-1968. Hugh le May Fellow, Rhodes University, South Africa. President of the Southern Sociological Society, 1961. This is a valuable collection for someone interested in studying race relations and their scholarly treatment in the mid-1900s. There is also material on the sociology of both the plantation system and the South. The collection includes manuscripts of papers by Thompson and other writers, personal and professional correspondence, printed matter, research notes, reprints, proofs, and other materials relating to the study and teaching of sociology. The bulk dates are 1920 to 1970. The collection includes histories of the Department of Sociology, articles presented in symposia and conferences, correspondence concerning the development, establishment, and activities of the Duke Center for Southern Studies (1965-1969) also, comparative studies of plantations in the South, Hawaii, and in other locations; and papers from the Mayor's Committee on Interracial Affairs of Durham from 1945. Correspondents include Eric Hoffer, Howard Jensen, and Charles Ellwood.
The committee was a part of the Commonwealth Studies Center. Correspondence, memoranda, printed matter, grant proposals, financial records, tape-recordings, reports, reprints, and other records. The bulk of the material concerns the African Curriculum Development Project for the North Carolina Public Schools carried out under Gerald Hartwig; the collection also includes an incomplete set of reprints, and the tape recorded sessions of a seminar on developments in Nigeria in 1967.
On 13 February 1969 a group of black students occupied the main administration building at the University. Newspaper clippings, flyers, analyses, and other printed matter, including a chronology of the demonstration.
A silent demonstration at Duke University 5-11 April 1968, following the murder of Dr. Martin Luther King. Posters, handbills, newspapers and newspaper and magazine clippings, press releases, tape-recordings, telegrams of support, and other materials pertaining to the "Silent Vigil," events preceding it, and its aftermath. The collection is still open, and other materials may be added as they come in. It includes folders kept by Vigil organizers, as well as personal recollections by participants, and histories of Local 77, statements by University officials, analyses, and other materials generated by the demonstration and the University's response to it. Professors John O. Blackburn, Kenneth Clark, and John H. Strange, and student David M. Henderson each kept one or more folders of material on the demonstration, and these are included in the collection. There are eleven 7-inch audiotapes made during the course of the Vigil by WDBS, then the campus radio station, and five 7-inch audiotapes made by a student, along with copies of the Duke Chronicle for the period. Restriction: WDBS tapes may "be used only for historical research purposes by qualified students and faculty members of institutions of higher education." Letter, 6 May 1968, R. L. Chapman to John L. Sharpe.