Michael Plunkett, Editor
University of Virginia Press
© 1995 by the Rector and Visitors of the University of Virginia
Conditions of Use
The Library of
800 East Broad Street
Richmond, VA 23219
See A Guide to State Records in the Archives Branch, Virginia State Library (Richmond: Virginia State Library, 1985), compiled by John Salmon. The following list surveys both the state records and the personal papers in the archives. For newly accessioned material, consult the Annual Reports of Archival Accessions.
Included as part of the minutes of Quarterly Conferences of the Monumental Methodist Church of Portsmouth are reports from this Portsmouth church formed in 1843 when black members separated from the Dinwiddie Street Methodist Church.
Vouchers of the board that was created on April 6, 1853, to supervise the transportation of free blacks to Liberia on a voluntary basis.
Lists of male and female blacks over twelve years of age in Amherst County.
Alphabetical lists by locality of free blacks who were delinquent in payment.
A list of free blacks of Westmoreland County delinquent in payment.
A list of free blacks of Page County delinquent in payment.
These volumes list those who were assessed a penalty for nonpayment of the capitation or poll tax. The lists denote race.
(RG 48.415 & 416)
A list of free blacks in Williamsburg.
The Richmond City lists contain the names of delinquent free blacks for hire.
Lists of deeds for the partition and conveyance of land. The records contain names of grantors and grantees and their race.
Consists of apprentices' indentures and vouchers. Included among the vouchers are those for pay due the Afro-American workers.
Accounts and receipts of the lead mines. Of particular interest are references to slaves employed at the Oxford Iron Works in Bedford County.
Accounts of the public foundry at Westham. Included are references to black workers.
Correspondence, accounts, and receipts of the ropewalk at Norfolk and then Warwick. Included are records that refer to Afro-American workers. ( RG 48.663)
Tax books listing those who paid taxes on personal property, which included slaves until 1865.
Included in these materials are the annual reports of the superintendent of the poor for the various counties. Arranged chronologically, the reports identify individuals by name and race.
Reports on the numbers of free blacks and slaves subject to taxation in each locality.
General records of slaves and free blacks condemned, executed, and transported. If a slave was condemned, the value to the owner was estimated and certified to the auditor.
Reports on free blacks, including acts for removal, assessments, capitation taxes, and voluntary enslavements.
Records, consisting mainly of militia payrolls and accounts of other expenses involved in the official reaction to two slave revolts, Gabriel's Insurrection and Nat Turner's Rebellion.
Receipts and reports, including reports of runaways, reports of the sales of runaways, and receipts of the sales of runaways.
Capitation and property tax lists from different localities, divided by race.
A return that lists free blacks in Norfolk.
Records of the operation of this factory, including pay vouchers for Afro-American workers.
Business accounts of these King William County residents. Included are entries on the purchase of slaves.
Church record kept by this rector of the Winchester Episcopal Church. Included are entries for slave births.
Accounts of this Augusta County farmer, including an 1852-53 account of the hiring of slaves belonging to the estate.
Copies of records from family Bibles, some including vital statistics. The Guide to Bible Records (Richmond: Virginia State Library, 1985), compiled by Lyndon H. Hart III, is available.
A ledger primarily concerned with the collection of the parish levy of Gloucester and Mathews counties. Later entries of 1803-38 include records of births, deaths, or sales of slaves.
Included in these estate papers of New Kent County is a listing of slaves with their surnames added later.
Business account of this Portsmouth judge, president of the Dismal Swamp Canal Company, and president of the Farmer's Bank of Norfolk. Included are receipts for the hire of slaves.
Written to Mrs. Rebecca B. Colquhoun of Petersburg concerning the division of the slaves of her mother's estate.
Included in this Caroline County document are pages noting the births of slaves.
Session books and the treasurer's book of this Prince Edward County
Ledger for 1688-90 and letterbook for 1705-37 and 1746-50 of this London merchant relating to Virginia activities including tobacco production and plantation management. Some of the letters concern clothing for slaves.
This Afton resident's recollection of relations with his slaves before and during the Civil War.
Business, legal, personal, and genealogical correspondence and accounts of this Virginia family. Included is material on slavery.
An agreement of terms of employment with former slaves. Bullock resided in Spotsylvania County.
Dinwiddie County records including a slave deed.
Business, legal, and plantation correspondence and accounts of this family of Shirley, Charles City County. The records contain many documents concerning slave labor, such as an 1835-64 slave record book and a list of provisions supplied to the slaves.
A certificate noting that America Wood of Albemarle County was a free black.
Business ledgers of this Amelia County sheriff. Included are 1792- 1803 lists slave births with dates of sale and death.
A division of the slaves of an estate which may have been Refuge Plantation, Georgia.
Minute book for 1804-51 and the membership book for 1805-1923 of this Northumberland County church. Entries in the minute book for 1814 note that some black members were influenced by the British to run away.
(Acc. 20555 & 29808)
Correspondence, financial records, minutes, and reports of the commission created to oppose school desegregation and to support the "massive resistance" movement.
Attendance books, committee reports, constitution, and minutes of the convention called with the explicit purpose of disfranchising the black voter.
Included is a June 12, 1855, letter from Samuel F. McGill in Monrovia, Liberia, writing about the settlement of immigrants from America.
Included in these voluminous records, in addition to wills, deeds, loose papers, etc., are documents such as free black certificates. A Records Management Manual for State and Local Government Agencies (Richmond: Virginia State Library, 1985) by William Grady Ray contains a good description of the records as well as a list of records by county available on microfilm in Appendix K, p. 77.
A ledger of this Accomack County resident which includes accounts for free blacks and charges placed against runaway slaves.
Included is a 1751 deed of gift for two slaves.
Business account of an unidentified tailor of New Kent County. Included are entries on the hire of slaves.
Business account of an unidentified merchant of Alexandria. Included is a March 1828 record of slaves purchased.
Minutes of the board of trustees of the association, also called the Virginia Industrial Schools for Colored Children.
Minute book of the executive committee.
Files concerning the desegregation of Virginia public schools.
Virginia jurisdictions began keeping vital records in 1853. The birth
Business records of these Chesterfield County planters and merchants. An 1830-31 memorandum and account book concerns the hire of slaves.
Included in this Buckingham County document are entries concerning the distribution of clothing and blankets to slaves.
Military and personal correspondence and accounts of this Fauquier County farmer and soldier. Included are agreements to hire slaves.
Business accounts of this Essex County merchant. Included are 1773- 1861 records on the births of slaves, at times noting parentage.
Includes documents such as sound recordings of Commission on
Public Education, a public hearing on school desegregation, November
15, 1954 (Acc. 32117; copies in Acc. 32403 and RG 122), and the
transcript of a public hearing on July 27, 1959, on the integration
of public schools in Floyd County
Legal, business, and personal correspondence and accounts of this Richmond businessman. Included are 1729-74 slave deeds.
This Cumberland and Roanoke County document includes births of slaves.
Of special interest in this voluminous amount of correspondence directed to Virginia governors are the administrations of the governors during the period when Virginia struggled to desegregate the public school system, Thomas B. Stanley, J. Lindsay Almond, and Albertis S. Harrison.
Personal, business, and legal correspondence and accounts of this family of Madison County. Included are a number of slave appraisals for estate purposes.
Financial and legal correspondence and documents of this family of Elsing Green, King William County. Included are estate records listing slaves.
Papers relating to the emancipation of this woman in Louisa County and her registration in Halifax County as a free black.
An inventory and appraisement of slaves of the Gwathmey estate in King William County.
A Washington County runaway time account by a slave.
A letter from Todd County, Kentucky, to Benjamin Harris of Louisa County. There is discussion of illness among the slaves.
Legal and business correspondence and accounts of this Surry and Sussex County resident. Included is a note regarding the hire of blacks in 1840.
Document concerning the estate of William Ludwell Lee, Green Spring, James City County. Included are letters discussing the disposition of the estate's slaves.
Business correspondence and accounts of a Mathews County general store. An 1869-70 volume details the accounts with local black residents.
Personal, business, and professional correspondence of this noted jurist from Mecklenburg County. Included are materials relating to the desegregation of public schools in Prince Edward County when he was U.S. district judge for the Eastern District of Virginia.
Business accounts of this deputy sheriff of Fairfax County which include the hire of slaves and the 1841 sale of slaves in Vicksburg, Mississippi.
An "Age Book" of slaves of this Louisa County family.
Bill of sale for a slave sold by this Amelia County resident to Pleasant Richards.
Business accounts of this family of Buckingham County, which include physicians' accounts for the medical treatment of slaves.
Includes biographical information on Mrs. Jurix's brother, James A. Bland, the Afro-American composer of various songs including the state song "Carry Me Back to Old Virginny."
Business records of this Richmond general contracting company. Included is a receipt of premiums from the Lynchburg Hose and Fire Insurance Company for insurance on a slave.
Included in the volumes are deed and will books. Manumissions are sometimes entered in the deed books. The will books specify race only if the writer so chose. Some of the bounty warrant claims were filed by black veterans.
Letter from Mrs. Robert E. Lee at Arlington to [W. G.] Webster discussing agitation among her slaves.
Business, legal, plantation, and personal correspondence and accounts of this family of Charles City and Gloucester counties. Included is material on slavery such as lists of taxable slaves and accounts for their clothing. Originals are in the Regenstein Library, University of Chicago.
(Restricted Acc. 29514)
Written from Washington, D.C., to "My Faithful Servant, Joseph" granting him the right to work as he pleased.
Book detailing slave ownership of this family of New Kent and Hanover counties.
A "Slave record book" kept by this manager of Pharsalia and Level Green, Nelson County. It contains detailed information on names, births, deaths, acquisition, illness, and other pertinent data on slaves.
Minute book of this Charlotte County church. The church had a large slave membership, many of whom belonged to John Randolph. The black members applied for and were granted permission to organize a separate church in 1865.
Minute books of this Charlotte County church. This church had a large black membership, and the minutes reflect debate about their welfare.
(Acc. 24261a, b, c)
Minute book of this Albemarle County church known before 1858 as the Escol Baptist Church. Some of the entries refer to slaves whose owners are named in the membership lists.
Minute books of this Westmoreland County church. Of the 875 members reported in 1809, a large number were slaves.
(Acc. 30051a, b)
Correspondence, certificates, lists, etc., for 1850-52 and the minutes of the board for 1833-39 and 1850-52.
Business and legal correspondence and accounts of this Richmond- area slave trader. Included in the records are accounts of boarding charges for slaves, 1851-64 records of sales, entries for medical expenses, and fees paid for newspaper advertisements of runaway slaves.
A deed of emancipation issued to Marcia Smith and John Willis by this resident of Hanover County.
Legal, business, and personal correspondence of this Buckingham County family. Included are estate papers.
A deed of emancipation issued to Jenny and her daughter, Jenny, by William Porter of Portsmouth and recorded in Norfolk County.
General records, applications, correspondence, financial records, minutes, and public hearings of the board created by the General Assembly in September 1956 as part of the Commonwealth's opposition to school desegregation under the "massive resistance" program.
Business and personal correspondence of this resident of Boydton. Included is information on the hiring out of slaves.
Personal and business correspondence and accounts of this Nansemond County family, including slave lists.
Minute book of the association which included Pittsylvania and surrounding counties. Included is discussion of a plan to purchase a slave and set him free so that he could "preach the Gospel."
Plantation journal for Marlbourne, Hanover County. Included are entries concerning the work of the slaves in the marl fields.
Personal correspondence and manuscripts of this journalist who wrote about race relations and the condition of blacks in Virginia in the 1880s.
Personal correspondence and notes of this Presbyterian minister and educator. Of special interest is a folder of research notes on John Chavis, a free black minister.
Included are character certificates for slaves seeking to join Bethel Baptist Church, Clarke County.
Registration as a free black in Richmond.
Business and legal correspondence and accounts of this family of Buckingham County. The records contain an 1819-55 list of slave births and an April 24, 1865, document issued from Headquarters, U.S. Forces, Petersburg, concerning recently freed slaves.
Maintained by William Selden as executor of estates in Henrico and Prince George counties. Among the loose items is an 1827-32 account for the medical treatment of slaves.
Minute book of this Charlotte County church. The minutes often refer to church business related to black members.
Dinwiddie County records including a 1783 slave deed.
Four minute books and five deeds of this Chesterfield County church. A notation was made in 1868 that the black members had withdrawn to form their own church.
(Acc. 26297, 29968a, b, c, & 28288)
A letter from a slave, Sipe, to "Master" commenting on the foraging of Union soldiers, possibly in Georgia.
Bill of sale for a slave sold by this Berkeley County resident to James Graham.
Includes a letter to W. H. Tayloe permitting his slave to marry.
Legal, business, and genealogical correspondence and accounts of this family of Wilkes County, Georgia. Included is an 1838 list of slaves.
Business correspondence and accounts of this Richmond-area business. Included in the voluminous records is a ledger entitled "Negroes and Rations at Catawba, 1863."
Minute book of this Louisa County church. The minutes refer to
Correspondence of this prominent New York Presbyterian minister who included among his duties missionary work among slaves in Virginia.
A business and plantation ledger kept by this family of King and Queen County. Included are entries about slave labor.
A compilation entitled "Collection of Negro Melodies"
Personal correspondence of this family of Prince Edward Court House. Included are comments on the conditions of blacks during Reconstruction.
Personal correspondence and accounts of this Hanover County family. Included are a January 1, 1836, list of slaves and a July 31, 1863, list of slaves "carried off by the Yankees."
An estate division of his slaves of unknown location.
Business, legal, plantation, and personal correspondence and accounts of these families of Henry and Pittsylvania counties and of Davie, Rockingham, and Stokes counties, North Carolina. The mercantile business was primarily associated with tobacco, and there are records of the purchase and hiring of slaves. Lists of slaves are included in the plantation records. Original records are in the Southern Historical Collection, University of North Carolina Library.
(Restricted Acc. 30805)
Diaries of this teacher in Lynchburg who taught under the auspices of the Freedmen's Bureau.
Minute books of this Botetourt County church, which until 1840 was known as Patterson's Creek Church.
(Acc. 2G598 & 26612)