UNIVERSITY OF VIRGINIA


Manuscripts Division
Special Collections Department
University of Virginia Library
Charlottesville, VA 22903
804-924-3025
Fax: 804-924-3143
e-mail: mssbks@virginia.edu


170a. JOHN ADAMS PAPERS


ca. 1,200 items, ca. 1842-1942
Papers of John Adams (ca. 1825-1873), a Richmond free black contractor and plasterer, consisting of receipts, bills, printed material, legal documents, cancelled checks, and insurance and estate papers. Reference: (Acc. 11078)


171. ALBEMARLE COUNTY LEDGERS


1 item, (1831)-1881-89
In a farm journal 1881-89, written in an atlas published in 1831 is an entry for the sale of slaves on August 27, 1841. Reference: (Acc. 38-4)


172. ALBEMARLE COUNTY VOTING REGISTERS


5 items, 1893-1902
Poll books for 1893, 1901, and 1902 for Free Union, White Hall Magisterial District, and lists of registered voters both white and 'Colored" for 1894. Reference: (Acc. 9096-a)


173. EDWIN ANDERSON ALDERMAN PAPERS


ca. 15,000 items, 1861-1931
Consists almost entirely of the papers of the first president of the University of Virginia. Some early papers of the Alderman family include a receipt for the purchase of a slave in Wilmington, N.C., on January 21, 1863. There are also some documents containing statistical information about education in North Carolina in the 1870s and 1880s including references to blacks. Reference: (Acc. 1001, etc.)


174. GUSTAVUS BROWN ALEXANDER PAPERS


ca. 1,000 items, ca. 1800-1870
Included in the records of this King George County businessman is an 1848 list of dower servants. Reference: (Acc. 4800)


175. ALEXANDRIA CITY RECORDS


ca. 2,025 items, ca. 1800-1900, microfilm (M-2268-70)
Official papers including many documents relating to slaves, such as bonds for free slaves to remain within the corporation of Alexandria in 1822; answers from a number of Alexandria churches in 1831 to a questionnaire inquiring about the use of their facilities by blacks; and a number of other documents about free blacks, escaped slaves, the fugitive slave law, and the assembling of blacks for worship. Reference: (Acc. 7146;-a)


176. ALEXANDRIA COMMON COUNCIL PAPERS


16 items, 1812-65
Included are an 1847 report of a committee about a servant abused by the watch, an 1848 letter by the mayor concerning free blacks, and 1856 depositions in a case involving the throwing of a brick by a black man. Reference: (Acc. 8497)


177. L. ALLAN LElTER


1 item, August 13, 1859
A copy of a letter from this Fauquier County resident to his son in which he wrote about a sickness, "Flux," which some slaves had contracted. Reference: (Acc. 4072)


178. ALLEN FAMILY PAPERS


ca. 70 items, ca. 1825-1953
Personal letters of this Botetourt County family. A letter of Mary Allen to her son, April 27, 1855, tells of three family slaves who ran away, possibly across the Ohio River, while out with passes on an errand. Reference: (Acc. 9780)


179. ALLEN FAMILY PAPERS


75 items, 1830-77
Financial papers, including accounts for goods and services, bills and receipts, chiefly of Elizabeth Jeter Allen of Cumberland County. Miscellaneous items include a slave appraisal list. Reference: (Acc. 10629)


180. ALLEN FARM JOURNAL


11 items, ca. 1830-1900, microfilm (M-664)
Farm records of Clifton in Clarke County, kept by David Allen and his son Edgar, with entries about slaves, such as medical assistance, deaths, hiring out, and yearly accounting. Reference: (Acc. 4814)


181. JOHN ALLEN LETTERBOOK


1 item, 1735-37
A letter on February 25, 1736, from Allen of James River to Peter Turnbull & Co. of Jamaica describes Allen's dissatisfaction with a "Negro Wench" whom he had ordered from the firm. Reference: (Acc. 38-471-a)


182. AMBLER FAMILY PAPERS


ca. 2,000 items, 1790-1850
Business and personal letters of John Jaquelin Ambler of Glen Ambler, Amherst County, with scattered references to slavery, such as tax receipts listing numbers of slaves. Reference: (Acc. 38-77)


183. JOHN AMBLER PAPERS


ca. 2,000 items, 1770-1860
Business and personal papers of this Jamestown planter. Of special note are letters from an overseer at one of the Ambler plantations; one written on June 15, 1830, to Ambler describes the treatment of a runaway slave. Intermingled in the business papers are items mentioning slaves. Reference: (Acc. 1140)


184. AMERICAN CIVIL LIBERTIES UNION OF VIRGINIA RECORDS


ca. 15,000 items, ca. 1965-75
Working papers of the Virginia branch which include a number of civil rights cases. Access to portions restricted. Reference: (Acc. 9690)


185. ANDERSON FAMILY PAPERS


ca. 7,000 items, 1847, microfilm (M-244)
Farm journal of Ash Lawn in Albemarle County kept by John P. Garrett including materials on slavery, among them a detailed list of slaves in 1838. Reference: (Acc. 2794)


185a. ANDERSON PHOTOGRAPH COLLECTION


630 items, 1937-1970M
Photographic negatives of Richard N. Anderson, professional photographer and architect. Included are many scenes of civil rights marches and integration sit-ins in Virginia and the South. Reference: (Acc. 5793-D)


[ Civil rights sit-in, Richmond, Virginia, 1960s.
Anderson Photograph Collection.
]


186. ROGER ATKINSON LETTERBOOK AND ACCOUNT BOOK


2 items, 1762-1803, microfilm (M-628)
The letters contain references to the business activities of this Petersburg merchant. Among the topics discussed are tobacco, land, and slave prices. Extracts have been published in the Virginia Magazine of History and Biography 15 (1908): 345-59. Reference: (Acc. 3238, -a)


187. AUTOGRAPH COLLECTION


23 items, ca. 1780- 1865
Included in this collection of letters are two bills drawn against William Augustine Washington for the purchase of slave shoes. Reference: (Acc. 5976)


188. BACON FAMILY PAPERS


15 items, 1812-65, photocopies
Included are letters, receipts, and bills of sale pertaining to John Bacon, Richard Bacon, Edmund Bacon, and William Bacon, primarily for the settlement of John Bacon's estate and the purchase of slaves. Two of the letters, from Edmund Bacon to William J. Bacon, June 4, 1864, and March 14, 1865, discuss the family, management of William's farm during his absence, crops, slaves running off to join the Union army, and other Civil War news. Reference: (Acc. 10569)


189. EDMUND BACON MEMORANDA BOOK


1 item, 1802-22
The memoranda book of Bacon, the overseer at Monticello, contains personal financial accounts and notes on transactions handled for Thomas Jefferson during the years he managed Monticello. There are entries for livestock sales, slave hirings and sales, taxes, wages, and purchases of general merchandise. Reference: (Acc. 5385-an)


190. WILLIAM BAILEY PAPERS


ca. 800 items, 1773-1888
Business, legal, and personal correspondence and accounts of this dry goods and tobacco businessman from Halifax County. Many of the financial and legal documents contain information regarding slavery and individual slaves, such as birth dates of slaves, mothers' names, bills of sale, agreements for the hire of slaves, tax lists, and records of tobacco production. Reference: (Acc. 10586)


191. BAKER FAMILY PAPERS


ca. 250 items, 1781-1893, 1917-21
The collection contains correspondence, business and legal papers, and surveys, and genealogical material of the Baker, Mills, Quarles, Swift families of Gordonsville. Correspondence is chiefly that of Martin Baker, Sr., and Martin Baker, Jr. Of interest are letters discussing slaves and freedmen, particularly illness and deaths of family slaves and black office seekers during Reconstruction. Business and legal papers of Martin Baker, Jr., include an 1818-33 account book with the Farmers Bank of Virginia, an 1835 will, a slave sale document, and papers about the estates of Martin Baker, Sr. and Jr. Reference: (Acc. 10676)


192. BALDWIN-LLOYD PAPERS


ca. 30 items, 1845-58
A series of letters from John Hargon in Mississippi to Colonel Edward Lloyd in Annapolis, Maryland. Hargon apparently was the manager of a number of Mississippi plantations owned by Lloyd. There is frequent discussion about the plantation slaves, especially deaths, deaths, and sickness. Reference: (Acc. 5163)


193. ADA P. BANKHEAD PAPERS


12 items, 1805-65
Personal letters of 1825, some from R. Hume, that mention slave problems; an 1829 bill of sale for two slaves; and an 1865 letter describing the departure of slaves at the end of the Civil War. Reference: (Acc. 38-463)


194. CHARLES L. BANKHEAD PAPERS


1 item, 1812-31
An account book kept at Port Royal and at Carlton, Albemarle County, which includes slave lists. Reference: (Acc. 2730)


195. JAMES BARBOUR PAPERS


ca. 3,000 items, ca. 1775-1845
Correspondence, personal, and business papers of this Orange County planter. Some of the letters discuss the sale of slaves. Also included is a ledger listing the working hands and the sales of slaves for 1816-40. Reference: (Acc. 1486)


196. BARNES FAMILY PAPERS


76 items, 1775-1873
Correspondence and business papers relating to this Lynchburg family, consisting mainly of letters from Charles F. Barnes and Edward Barnes, Confederate soldiers, to their mother, Mrs. R. A. Barnes. Two letters from Charles Barnes describe a race riot in west Florida in 1865. A 1775-79 account book of Richard Dabney, Jr., from the Richmond area includes entries for births and deaths of slaves. Reference: (Acc. 4444)


197. JANIE PORTER BARRETT DAY NURSERY PAPERS


ca. 75 items, 1943-48
Minutes, records, correspondence, and documents of this day nursery for black children in Charlottesville. Reference: (Acc. 3283)


198. BARRINGER FAMILY PAPERS


ca. 2,800 items, 1828-1963
Correspondence, essays, and genealogical material of this Albemarle County and North Carolina family, principally of Paul Brandon Barringer. Two letters refer to the sale, price, and investment value of slaves and to the inclusion of slaves as part of a dowry. Numerous letters, essays, news clippings, and printed monographs by Paul B. Barringer et al. address the "Negro question." Included are two letters from Booker T. Washington. Reference: (Acc. 2588, etc.)


199. BARRON, WARING, AND BAYLOR FAMILY PAPERS


ca. 1,300 items, ca. 1820-1900
Business and personal papers of these Essex County families including papers of Samuel Barron, CSN. Scattered references to slavery include an October 27, 1862, letter describing the escape of nine blacks impressed for work and a November 2, 1860, letter describing differences in slave prices between Gloucester and Richmond. Reference: (Acc. 10314)


200. WILLIAM TAYLOR BARRY LETTERBOOK


1 item, 1785-1835
This letterbook of the Kentucky statesman and postmaster general mentions blacks on pages 25, 50, 72, 94, 123, 141, and 157. Most of the references are fleeting, but one, a letter of August 9, 1832, describes an epidemic of cholera among slaves. Reference: (Acc. 2569)


201. BAYLOR FAMILY PAPERS


ca. 1,600 items, ca. 1760-1905
Correspondence and other papers of this New Market, Caroline County, family. An October 2, 1804, letter from David Morrow to John Baylor says that Baylor's servant Ned wanted to have money paid directly to him for work done rather than through Baylor. There are references in the business and legal papers to slavery; an 1865 farm account book contains entries entitled "Servants Accounts." Reference: (Acc. 2257)


202. BAYLOR FAMILY PAPERS


ca. 300 items, ca. 1750-1850
Legal and business papers of this Rockingham County family. A number of the documents pertain to slavery, including a December 1793 deed of manumission for the slaves of William Ball of Culpeper County and a manumission document dated January 12, 1801, for a slave named Milly belonging to Jacob Parrot of Shenandoah County. Other documents pertain to the work roles of slaves. Reference: (Acc. 9732-c)


203. RICHARD BAYLOR FAMILY PAPERS


ca. 100 items, 1662-1867, microfilm (M-2272)
Personal, business, and legal papers of this Essex County family. The 1810-15 medical accounts of William Waring to Alexander Somervail record the treatment of slaves. An 1844-49 journal of Robert P. Waring has very good year-by-year evaluations slaves at a number of his plantations, including Edenatta, Glencairn, Thomas Neck, Greenfield, and Port Micon. Reference: (Acc. 6056)


204. BELL FAMILY PAPERS


ca. 200 items, ca. 1790-1880, microfilm (M-1313)
Business and legal papers of this Augusta County family. Slave documents include depositions attesting to the sale of slaves from John Bell's estate and a public sale notice of a superannuated female slave to be cared for by the lowest bidder. In a November 21, 1831, letter describing a wedding, the writer reported that she had heard that at the celebration the groom "left a pack of white people to wait on a pack of Negroes." Reference: (Acc. 6688)


205. BERKELEY FAMILY PAPERS


ca. 20,000 items, ca. 1653-1930
Personal, business, and legal papers of this family of Barn Elms, Middlesex County; Aldie, Loudoun County; and Albemarle County. Scattered throughout are overseers' reports, accounts of slave expenses, slave lists, and bills of sale for slaves. Reference: (Acc. 38-113)


206. GEORGE S. BERNARD DIARIES


5 items, 1858-84, microfilm (M-1680)
Diaries of this Petersburg lawyer contain an entry for March 22, 1859, about the legal status of whites, blacks, and Indians in Virginia. Reference: (Acc. 7745-a)


207. BLACK VOTERS, LIST OF, CHARLOTTESVILLE


1 item, 1900
List of black voters by ward. Reference: (Acc. 9077)


207a. WILLIAM H. BLACKFORD DIARY


1 item, 1856
The entry for February 20 describes cruelty to three young female slaves by owner Mrs. James M. Boyd of Lynchburg. Reference: (Acc. 4763)


208. BLACKWELL FAMILY PAPERS


15 items, ca. 1840-48
Personal correspondence of Elizabeth Blackwell and family members of Fauquier County. There is some mention of slaves, such as a letter of June 22, n.y., from Octavia noting that a slave tried to get away in Cincinnati as they were going to Missouri and a letter of June 30, n.y., from Sarah T. Buckner who wanted to collect on a loan so that she could buy a slave's husband and send them both west. Reference: (Acc. 38-143-b)


209. ELIZABETH C. BLAETTERMAN LETTER


1 item, 1860
A letter from this Kentucky woman concerning the freeing of her slaves. Reference: (Acc. 799)


210. BLAND-RUFFIN PAPERS


ca. 22,500 items, ca. 1740-1865
Includes letters of Theodorick Bland and Edmund Ruffin. A June 1863 letter to Ruffin from Charleston, South Carolina, mentions that Colonel Heyward's slaves had burned down his residence and run off. Reference: (Acc. 3026)


211. THOMAS S. BOCOCK PAPERS


ca. 300 items, 1760-1897
Correspondence, financial and legal papers, ledgers, and speeches of Bocock and the Bocock, Thornhill, Christian, Stephens, Flood, Patteson, and Diuguid families of Buckingham and Appomattox counties. Among the subjects discussed are slavery, abolition, the antebellum South, and the use of slaves on military fortifications. Included is a minute book of the New Hope Baptist Church, Augusta County, with many references to blacks. Reference: (Acc. 10612)


211a. BONDURANT-MORRISON PAPERS

Contains references to the hiring of slaves; farm book, 1841-47. Also ledgers contain references to slaves; daybook, 1834-39; account book index, 1824, ledger of Thomas Bondurant, 1847-60. Reference: (Acc. 3918)


212. BONNER, MERCER, AND PELHAM FAMILY PAPERS


ca. 200 items 1762-1888
Correspondence, financial records, wills, and genealogical data of the Bonner family of Greene County, Ohio, and the Mercer and Pelham families of Virginia, who had intermarried into the Bonner family. Included are emancipation documents and correspondence concerning Frederick Bonner's slave Dick. Reference: (Acc. 10142)


213. ARMISTEAD L. BOOTHE PAPERS


ca. 11,000 items, 1948-69
Papers of this delegate and state senator from Alexandria. There are correspondence and material about Boothe's attempts as a state senator to keep the public schools in Virginia open during the integration crisis in the 1950s. Reference: (Acc. 8319)


214. JAMES WOODBERRY BORDEN DIARY


1 item, 1837-38, microfilm (M-1223)
Written by this Essex County man while living in Charles City County, this diary contains comments on blacks in Virginia. Reference: (Acc. 5727)


215. WALTER BOWIE JOURNALS


2 items, 1848-61
Entries for 1860-61 by this Westmoreland County planter record the hiring and renting of slaves, e.g., January 2, 7, 14, 17, and 30, 1861. Reference: (Acc. 8528)


216. SARAH PATTON BOYLE PAPERS


ca. 10,000 items, ca. 1950-70
Personal, legal, and business papers of this Charlottesville woman who was involved in school integration and other civil rights issues in central Virginia in the 1950s and 1960s. Included is correspondence with black leaders such as Ralph Abernathy and Martin Luther King. Reference: (Acc. 8003)


217. WILLIAM STANLEY BRAITHWAITE COLLECTION


ca. 4,700 items, ca. 1905-60
Correspondence of this noted black poet, critic, and anthologist, consisting mainly of letters written to Braithwaite in connection with his anthologies. Reference: (Accs. 6787 & 8990)


218. BRAXTON FAMILY PAPERS


ca. 60,000 items, 1785-1911
Primarily the papers of Allen Caperton Braxton, a Staunton attorney, with a very small group of papers of the Braxton family from Chericoke, King William County. Of particular importance are the notes and correspondence of Allen Caperton Braxton when he was a member of the Virginia Constitutional Convention of 1901-2 that disfranchised the black voter. Reference: (Acc. 3329, -a)


219. BRECKINRIDGE FAMILY PAPERS


ca. 1,000 items, ca. 1725-1925, microfilm (M-2246-48)
Business, legal, and personal papers of this family of Grove Hill, Botetourt County. Included are many references to slavery, such as a November 29, 1825, letter from Mrs. M. Gilmer to Emma describing the murder of Captain John Edgar and the apprehension and trial of a black man, Harry; an August 28, 1831, letter from William Gilmer to Peachy Gilmer mentioning trouble with blacks in Albemarle County and the insurrection in Southampton County; and an October 3, 1831, letter from Emma at Grove Hill mentioning a rumor that Nat Turner passed through Botetourt County. Reference: (Acc. 9846)


220. JAMES BRECKINRIDGE PAPERS


ca. 440 items, 1780-1912
Personal papers of this Grove Hill, Botetourt County, planter and businessman. Many documents pertain to slavery, especially slaves employed at Breckinridge's ironworks, and there is an 1820 letter from a former slave. Reference: (Acc. 10395)


221. BREMO RECESS PAPERS


ca. 3,500 items, ca. 1690-1950
Business and personal papers of the Cocke and Cabell families of Bremo Recess in Fluvanna County. The papers contain a number of references to blacks and letters of former slaves who had emigrated to Liberia, e.g., Matilda Skipwith to Miss S. F. Cocke, October 1844, and Matilda Lomax to Miss Sarah Cox, 1853. Included are an 1865 list of slaves at Recess; an 1856 letter from the president of the American Colonization Society, J. H. Latrobe; and an 1823 letter (9513-h) from Ann B. Cocke to Louisiana Cocke about a slave wedding. Reference: (Acc. 9513, etc.)


[ Letter from Matilda R. Lomax (former slave) to Sarah Cox, December 1853.
Bremo Recess Papers.
]


222. BRITISH ANTISLAVERY COLLECTION


1 item, 1821-87
Included in this bound volume of letters and documents pertaining to the British antislavery movement are a number of letters written by Frederick Douglass. Reference: (Acc. 3846)


223. BROAD RUN BAPTIST CHURCH MINUTES


1 item, 1762-1859
Black members are noted in the minutes of the congregational meetings of this Fauquier County church, as well as actions taken concerning them. Reference: (Acc. 4305)


224. AUSTIN BROCKENBROUGH PAPERS


1 item, ca. 1780-1840
Papers of this Virginia doctor contain a February 7, 1832, letter from Congressman John Jones Roane inquiring on behalf of a third party about the purchase of fifty slaves or more in family units. Reference: (Acc. 38- 157)


225. ROBERT S. BROOKE PAPERS


100 items, 1792-1927
The collection consists chiefly of correspondence between Brooke and his wife Margaret Lyle Smith Brooke written while he was serving in the General Assembly. Subjects include family and household affairs in Augusta County including slave hiring and "correction" and social and political news from Richmond. Reference: (Acc. 38-137)


226. BROWN FAMILY PAPERS


3 items, 1781-1903
Genealogical records of this Buckingham County family. The Bible records include birth and death entries for slaves. Reference: (Acc. 4417)


227. BROWN FAMILY PAPERS


18 items, 1811-76
Included in the papers of this Culpeper County family is an 1824 contract for the sale of a young male slave. Reference: (Acc. 4117)


228. HENRY JAMES BROWN PAPERS


ca. 110 items, ca. 1830-84
Personal correspondence and diary of this Powhatan County painter and farmer who had a farm in Missouri run by an overseer. In a November 4, 1848, letter to Brown, the overseer, L. Weedin, described the health of the slaves and an episode about a runaway brought back to a neighboring farm. There are other scattered references to slaves in Missouri and Virginia. In a diary written on a trip from Virginia to Missouri, probably in 1844, Brown referred often to fears that abolitionists would take his female slave, especially in Cincinnati. Reference: (Acc. 9930)


229. WILLIAM S. BROWN DIARY


3 items, 1843-46, microfilm (M-640)
The diary of this clerk of the court of King George County contains a December 17, 1843, description of a song and prayer meeting in the slave quarters; a January 17, 1844, mention of the murder of one slave by another; an April 12, 1845, record of an attack on Captain John S. Washington by a black man; and a November 1, 1845, mention of the will of N. H. Hove that freed his slaves and sent them to Africa. Reference: (Acc. 4492)


230. BRUCE FAMILY PAPERS


ca. 14,000 items, 1769-1863
Correspondence, journals, and account books of James Bruce and his son, James Cole Bruce, of Berry Hill, Halifax County. There are lists of slaves, e.g., a November 22, 1849, list and inventory of slaves on the plantation of Messrs. Bruce, Seddon, and Williams and an 1852 "Register of Negroes," plus many entries in the account books and other material relating to slavery. Reference: (Acc. 2692)


231. BRUNSWICK COUNTY PAPERS


ca. 30 items, 1811-69
Documents and letters, some of which refer to the hiring and leasing of slaves. A December 11, 1824, letter apparently was written by a black woman in Petersburg attempting to gain some form of recompense for an ancestor, Ned Brandom, who served as a substitute in the Revolutionary War. Reference: (Acc. 3307, -a)


232. BRYAN FAMILY PAPERS


5 items, 1845-65
Annotated listings of the slaves at Eagle Point in Gloucester County. Reference: (Acc. 9822-d)


233. BUCK FAMILY PAPERS


ca. 200 items, ca. 1830-60
Correspondence, personal, and business papers of this Winchester family. It is a very good archive of one family's business and personal interests. There is much correspondence about slavery, including October 6 and 27, 1848, letters from a slave hunter, Joseph Kinsel; a November 31, 1848, letter from a runaway slave to his mother requesting that she ask "Master William" to take him back; and a February 1, 1843, letter about a family of slaves afflicted by a serious illness. Reference: (Acc. 4932)


234. BUCKINGHAM COUNTY FREEDMEN'S RECORDS


1 item, 1865-70, microfilm (M-784)
Microfilm copies of the original records in the National Archives. Reference: (Acc. 10154-a)


235. BUCKINGHAM COUNTY TAX BOOK


1 item, 1851, microfilm (M-635)
Tax assessment book kept by John Horsley. Includes taxes based on the number of slaves. Reference: (Acc. 4487)


236. JOHN BUFORD PAPERS


ca. 1,000 items, ca. 1840-60, microfilm (M-2188)
Business, legal, and personal papers of this Bedford County businessman who was engaged in building the Virginia-Tennessee Railroad in 1851-60. Check rolls of the company contain information on hired black gangs; there are also individual receipts for the hiring of slaves to work on the railroad and a July 15, 1851, letter from Ro. Mitchell to Buford about the work of some of the blacks. Documents dated November 27, 1861, record that two free blacks, found guilty of a crime (not stated), were sold and purchased by Buford. Reference: (Acc. 9782)


237. RICHARD C. BURNET NOTEBOOK


1 item, 1836-65, microfilm (M-39)
A notebook of articles from newspapers based on letters from Burnet discussing slaves, runaways, etc., in Texas. Reference: (Acc. 1288)


238. BURWELL FAMILY PAPERS


ca. 250 items, 1734-1893
Business and personal papers, chiefly those of Colonel Lewis Burwell of Kings Mill near Williamsburg and of the family of Bedford County. A seventeen-page manuscript by William Burwell reviews the economic conditions of blacks in the South in the 1870s, and a November 1853 letter to C. K. Marshall apparently from William Burwell discusses the relationship of blacks in southern society. Correspondence in the 1840s and 1850s examines the influence of slavery on national politics. Reference: (Acc. 4400-b)


239. BURWELL FAMILY PAPERS


170 items, 1761-1845
Business and legal papers of Nathaniel Burwell of Carter's Grove and Carter's Hall in James City County. Many of these concern the estates of William Pasteur and John Paradise. Included are estate appraisals for Pasteur's livestock, slaves, and household and farming implements. Reference: (Acc. 5757-c)


240. CABELL FAMILY PAPERS


ca. 500 items, 1727-1875
Business and personal papers of Nicholas Cabell, William Cabell, and Nathaniel Francis Cabell of Buckingham County. An 1844 list details births of slaves; a December 23, 1860, letter from W. C. Scott to Mrs. Francis Cabell gives permission for a slave to marry; and there is a June 1865 "List of servants at Liberty Hill." Reference: (Acc. 5084)


241. JOSEPH CARRINGTON CABELL PAPERS


ca. 5,000 items, ca. 1730-1920
Business, personal, and political papers of this Amherst (now Nelson) County planter, businessman, and politician. Although much of the collection is political in nature, there are detailed records concerning slavery and plantation life, e.g., March and April 1814 letters reporting raids by the British in which slaves were taken. Reference: (Acc. 38-111, etc.)


242. WILLIAM D. CABELL PAPERS


ca. 3,600 items, 1806-93
Correspondence and other papers of this Nelson County and Washington, D.C., educator. Scattered throughout are infrequent references to slavery, such as a December 5, 1863, letter from John Fry to Cabell discussing the hiring of slaves; an 1864 list of farm servants; an 1863 valuation of a slave at $3,250 by a committee of freeholders; a September 18, 1863, letter from a slave asking Cabell to keep his wife; an 1864 list of shoes delivered to slaves; and an August 18, 1856, letter from Cabell to Joseph C. Cabell mentioning that a number of slaves had been killed by poisonous brandy. Reference: (Acc. 276, etc.)


243. GEORGE WASHINGTON CABLE COLLECTION


ca. 100 items, ca. 1865-1920
Letters and manuscripts of this American author. One forty-page manuscript by Cable is entitled "Creole Slave Songs." Reference: (Barrett Library Acc. 7161-g)


244. CALLAWAY FAMILY BIBLE RECORDS


ca. 10 items, ca. 1740-1950
Included in these records of the Campbell and Albemarle counties and Asheville, North Carolina, family is a page listing slave births. Reference: (Acc. 7903)


245. WILLIAM CAMPBELL LETTER


1 item, September 4, 1831
A letter by this Norfolk resident discusses the excitement and confusion in the wake of Nat Turner's revolt. The whites were armed, and many rumors were flying of other alleged slave revolts. Reference: (Acc. 1441)


246. CAPERTON FAMILY PAPERS


ca. 400 items, ca. 1840-95, microfilm (M-2133)
Personal and business papers of the Caperton and allied families from Monroe City, containing few references to slavery, such as two letters from John Caperton in New Orleans to William Caperton in Monroe City, December 4, 1847, and January 2, 1848, in which John empowered William and others to sell all of his Virginia slaves and send him the money. Reference: (Acc. 7482-b)


246a. PHILENA CARKIN COLLECTION


3 items, 1866-1902
The collection contains a bound manuscript journal of this Massachusetts schoolteacher of freedmen in Charlottesville, 1866-75, under the auspices of the American Freedmen's Aid Commission entitled "Reminiscences of my Life and Work among the Freedmen of Charlottesville, Virginia, from March 1st 1866 to July 1st 1875," vol. 1, together with a carte-de-visite portrait, n.d., of Carkin by Charlottesville photographer William Roads, and a copy of her certificate of commission as a teacher of ex-slaves issued by the Eastern Department of the American Freedman's Aid Commission. Reference: (Acc. 11123)


247. CARLTON PAPERS


13 items, 1801-75
Included is an 1833 slave valuation for this Albemarle County plantation. Reference: (Acc. 38-216)


248. CARR FAMILY PAPERS


ca. 1,500 items, ca. 1745-1880
Personal and business papers of the Carr family and George Carr of Albemarle County. Included are references to the emancipation of slaves and an estate evaluation. See items dated November 14, 1830, November 29, 1837, June 14, 1847, and February 13 and April 18, 1854, for emancipated slaves; January 5, 1822, for the separation of slave families; and an 1840 speech. Also included are a photograph of a black woman (Poore family) and a May 6, 1868, letter about the death of a black woman. Reference: (Acc. 4869, etc.)


[ Unidentified African-American female, n.d., from the Poore family of Albemarle County, Virginia.
Carr Family papers.
]


249. CARR AND CARY FAMILY PAPERS


417 items, 1785-1839
Family correspondence between the related members of the Carr, Cary, Randolph, Nicholas, Jefferson, and Stevenson families of Albemarle and Fluvanna counties. There are some scattered references to slavery, such as a December 31, 1806, letter from Peter Carr to Mary Carr informing her of the sale of a slave, Nelly; "the poor creature is so distressed." Reference: (Acc. 1231)


250. CARTER LETTERBOOK


1 item, 1732-82
Letters of John, Charles, and Landon Carter, executors of Robert "King" Carter of Corotoman, in Lancaster County. Mainly business accounts, a series of April 1737 letters discuss the slave trade on the ship Antelope. Other letters discuss the slave trade very thoroughly, such as a May 28, 1737, letter to agents in Liverpool; see also those of September 25, 1737, and August 3, 1738. Reference: (Acc. 4996)


251. CARTER-SMITH PAPERS


ca. 2,700 items, 1726-1870
Materials on the Carter, Coles, Smith, and Nicholas families. Primary interest centers on General Samuel Smith and his son, John Spear Smith of Baltimore, and his daughter Margaret who married Robert Hill Carter of Redlands, Albemarle County. A series of April 1870 letters from A. Drummond in Williamsburg to the Coles family in Albemarle discuss among other things the selling and buying of slaves. Reference: (Acc. 1729)


252. ROBERT "KING" CARTER PAPERS


6 items, 1722-43, microfilm (M-570)
The 1722-27 diary, four letterbooks, and the corn book of this Corotoman, Lancaster County, planter. Extremely good material on slavery in early eighteenth-century Virginia is found throughout. The diary contains many notations in July and August 1727 on the buying and selling of slaves at auction and a mention of boarding a "Negro Ship." The corn book has entries on the amounts of corn paid to slaves. The letterbooks contain slavery information such as an October 10, 1727, letter from Robert Carter to his overseer, Robert Jones, instructing him to cut off the toes of a runaway slave. Also included on the microfilm are the Robert Carter letterbooks at the Virginia Historical Society. Reference: (Acc. 3807)


253. JOHN CATLETT FAMILY PAPERS


33 items, 1790-1870
Business, legal, and personal papers of this Port Royal farmer. A number of items concern slavery, such as a February 1, 1782, deed of sale for two slaves and a January 4, 1847, letter from Patrick Catlett to Elizabeth Catlett regarding hiring of slaves. Reference: (Acc. 9398j)


254. RICHARD CAVE LEDGER


1 item, 1735-1855, microfilm (M-548)
This ledger contains some entries on birth and death dates of slaves at Montebello in Orange County. Reference: (Acc. 3527)


255. SAMPSON CEASAR LETTERS


5 items, 1834-35
This freed slave who emigrated to Liberia, Africa, wrote to David S. Haselden and to his former master Henry F. Westfall, both of Buchannon, about his life in Liberia, studies, religious sentiment, and illnesses. He related his impressions of the country and the natives and discussed the possibility of success for the freed slaves in their new home. Reference: (Acc. 10595)


256. E. G. CHAPMAN FARM JOURNAL


1 item, 1843-51, microfilm (M-638)
The daily record of this Madison County farmer is complete only for 1843 and 1851. There are a few entries on slaves and an entry for June 24, 1843, that reads: "went below Bethesda meeting house to examine some Negroes who had been engaged in a riot." Reference: (Acc. 4472)


257. CHARLOTTESVILLE-ALBEMARLE CHAPTER OF THE VIRGINIA COUNCIL ON HUMAN RELATIONS PAPERS


ca. 3,000 items, ca. 1955-70
Working papers of this organization, which include materials on the integration of schools in the Charlottesville-Albemarle area. Reference: (Acc. 9606, etc.)


258. CHARLOTTESVILLE INTERRACIAL COMMISSION PAPERS


ca. 100 items, 1942-43
The minutes and documents, such as constitutions and programs, of this local citywide commission. Reference: (Acc. 3161)


259. CHARLES WADDELL CHESTNUT PAPERS


ca. 2,000 items, 1891-1932, microfilm (M-2235)
Papers of this black novelist and short story writer in the Western Reserve Historical Society. Reference: (Acc. 7475)


259a. CHICHESTER FAMILY PAPERS


ca. 125 items, [1716?]-1890
Papers of Chichester, Taliaferro, and related families of Fauquier and Culpeper counties, including personal and business correspondence, wills, deeds, plats, muster rolls, and published books. Of special interest are lists of slaves, a memorandum book of slave hire, letters mentioning the selling of slaves, and bills of sale for slaves. Reference: (Acc. 11047)


260. CHRIST EPISCOPAL CHURCH RECORDS


ca. 50 items, 1836-1970, microfilm (M-2113 & 2273)
Records of this Charlottesville church. The Parish Register, 1838-65, contains records of the marriages and burials of blacks. There are only a couple of entries for blacks in the baptism and communicants sections. The Parish Register for 1868-87 contains records of the burials of black members. Reference: (Acc. 9682)


261. THOMAS H. CLAGETT PAPERS


ca. 400 items, 1834-52
Business and personal papers of this Leesburg doctor and merchant. A number of letters, 1834-41, are from Philip Nelson, a free black, to Clagett, who was apparently acting as Nelson's agent in Virginia to settle his debts and business obligations, sell his land, and make arrangements to move his family. Reference: (Acc. 5182)


262. CLAY FAMILY PAPERS


ca. 100 items, 1866-78, microfilm (M-542)
This collection of Clay Family Papers at the University of Kentucky includes speeches on slavery and the free states by Henry Clay and others. Reference: (Acc. 5182)


263. HENRY CLAY LETTERS


5 items, 1834-48
A letter to Lewis Tappan discusses efforts to suppress the slave trade. Reference: (Acc. 6643-b)


264. JOHN CLAYTON WILL


1 item, 1773
A typescript copy of the will of this Gloucester County resident. Included is the division of his slaves to various heirs. Reference: (Acc. 5807)


265. WILLIAM W. COBB PAPERS


2 items, 1856-57
Papers of this Pittsylvania County farmer consisting of a January 1865 account with merchant Robert W. Calloway for livestock and grains and a tax bill, paid January 18, 1858, for slaves and personal property. Reference: (Acc. 38-94-a)


266. JOHN HARTWELL COCKE PAPERS


ca. 50,000 items, ca. 1725-1930
Correspondence, diaries, account books, and plantation records of this Fluvanna County planter and of various members of the Cocke and related families. This collection, a combination of many separate accessions, is invaluable for a study of slave life on large plantations. Other areas of interest are the American Colonization Society and letters from freed slaves in Liberia. A 1961 University of Virginia Ph.D. dissertation on Cocke by Martin Boyd Coyner is a very helpful tool to use in approaching the Cocke manuscripts. Reference: (Acc. 640, etc.)


267. JOHN C. COHOON ACCOUNT BOOK


1 item, ca. 1810-60, microfilm (M-1937)
The detailed ledger kept by this planter of Cedar Vale in Nansemond County is rich in demographic material on his slaves over a fifty-year period. Names, birth and death dates, parentage, source of acquisition, and hiring statistics are supplied. Reference: (Acc. 8868)


268. COLEMAN FAMILY PAPERS


ca. 1,000 items, ca. 1780-1930
Included is a journal of Mrs. Jane Lindsay Coleman of Bedford near Augusta, Georgia, containing records of the births and ages of slaves, 1832-63. There do not appear to be any other references to slavery in the collection. Reference: (Acc. 1794)


269. COLEMAN FAMILY PAPERS


6 items, ca. 1830-1925
Business papers of this Halifax County family include an account book kept by Ethelbert Algernon Coleman for his ward, Jane C. Coleman Hamilton, listing the births and deaths of her slaves. Reference: (Acc. 7014)


270. EDWARD COLES PAPERS


14 items, ca. 1840-60
Included is a photostat of a letter written in 1865 by a former slave wishing to return to her master. Reference: (Acc. 1626)


271. KATE FLANAGAN COLES PAPERS


ca. 120 items, 1904-40
Correspondence of a former slave at Gale Hill in Albemarle County, home of William Wardlaw Minor. Most of the letters are to the Minor family; they contain family news and touch on the relationship between blacks and whites in early twentieth-century Virginia. Reference: (Acc. 10322)


[ Kate Flanagan Coles (former slave) and her husband.
Kate Flanagan Coles Papers.
]


272. COLONIAL SLAVE DOCUMENT


1 item, 1770
Instructions sent to Lieutenant Governor William Nelson of Virginia on December 10, 1770, by George III ordering Nelson to disallow a law passed by the colony which placed an additional tax on the importation of slaves. Reference: (Acc. 3195)


273. COLONIAL SLAVE DOCUMENTS


4 items, 1772-74
Copies of four documents concerning the sentencing and execution of slaves in Sussex and Charlotte counties. Reference: (Acc. 3076)


274. COMPTON FAMILY PAPERS


24 items, 1825-47
Letters of this Culpeper County family chiefly written to Thomas A. Compton in Mississippi. Included are an 1826 letter in which the writer indicated a willingness to part with some of his slaves in exchange for land; an 1846 estate list, including slaves; and an 1847 request to see that the writer's slaves got across a river by ferry safely. Reference: (Acc. 38-116)


275. "CONDITIONS AMONG THE NEGROES"


1 item, 1918
Speech given by F. H. Parrish apparently before a group interested in church missionary work. Reference: (Acc. 9222)


276. CONWAY FAMILY PAPERS


3 items, 1806-80
A small collection of three account books of this family from Orange and Madison counties. In the farm account book of 1849-66 are a few pages detailing birth and death records of slaves. Reference: (Acc. 2485)


277. COOLIDGE-JEFFERSON COLLECTION


ca. 300 items, ca. 1790-1840
Mainly personal correspondence of Thomas Jefferson's descendants, especially his granddaughter Ellen Wayles Coolidge. The letters contain some discussion of slavery, such as one of August 1825 from Martha Randolph to Ellen mentioning complications in selling slaves. Reference: (Acc. 9090)


278. ROBERTSON COONS ACCOUNT BOOK


1 item, 1818-60, photocopy
An account book of this Culpeper County resident. It includes entries on sales of slaves and the hiring out of slaves. Reference: (Acc. 4323)


279. WILLIAM COX LETTERBOOK


1 item, 1763-68, microfilm (M-2123)
The 1763-68 letterbook of this Baltimore merchant contains occasional references to slaves he had for sale. Original manuscript at the New- York Historical Society. Reference: (Acc. 9530)


280. COX-McPHERSON FAMILY PAPERS


209 items, 1758-1949
This collection contains papers of Leroy Wesley Cox, a Charlottesville carriage and wagon manufacturer and Republican party worker. It includes an 1884 account book from his carriage business, voter registration lists, papers about party meetings, and 1896 lists of black voters and black members of the McKinley and Hobart Club on the stationery of Thomas L. Rosser. Reference: (Acc. 38-11)


281. PAUL CUFFE LETTER


1 item, August 24, 1816
A letter from this black sea captain and emigration organizer to W. Roper. Reference: (Barrett Library Acc. 7174)


282. COUNTEE CULLEN COLLECTION


3 items, 1927-33
One letter, a manuscript of his poem "Requiescam," and a copy of a sketch of this black American poet. Reference: (Barrett Library Acc. 8364)


283. HOMER STILLE CUMMINGS PAPERS


ca. 124,000 items, ca. 1890-1956
Business, political, and personal papers of Franklin Roosevelt's attorney general. One file of material is on a 1936 case investigating charges that blacks were used as slaves in Arkansas. Reference: (Acc. 9973)


284. DABNEY AND DAVIS FAMILY PAPERS


ca. 13,000 items, ca. 1800-1970
Personal correspondence of these central Virginia families, primarily of Richard Heath Dabney and his wife Lucy Heth Davis Dabney. There are a few scattered references to slaves, such as a document hiring a slave in January 1865; a February 10, 1867, letter from Alice Dabney (a former slave) to "Old Master"; and a March 17, 1885, letter from another former slave, George Page, to Susan Dabney Smedes. Reference: (Acc. 9852)


285. VIRGINIUS DABNEY PAPERS


ca 52,000 items, ca. 1930-
Personal and business papers, manuscripts, photographs, and memorabilia of this noted Richmond journalist and Pulitzer Prize- winning author. There is a great deal of material on blacks, civil rights, school desegregation, the NAACP, etc. Reference: (Acc. 7690)


286. DANVILLE, KENTUCKY, COLONIZATION SOCIETY


1 item, 1829-35
A typescript copy of the constitution and minutes of the society. Reference: (Acc. 4040)


287. CHARLES E. DAVIDSON ACCOUNT BOOKS


2 items, 1863-67
Medical account books of this Buckingham Court House physician. There are many entries on treatment of slaves. Reference: (Acc. 4156)


288. DAVIS FAMILY PAPERS


3 items, 1839-65
Memoirs of W. F. Davis of Charlottesville and a diary kept by his father, J. H. Davis, during the Civil War. J. H. Davis noted a local force organized in Charlottesville at the beginning of the war to control the black population. The diary notes that a family slave, Thornton, traveled with W. F. Davis during the war and on May 15, 1864, returned home to report that he had been captured. Reference: (Acc. 7396)


289. DAVIS FAMILY PAPERS


ca. 200 items, ca. 1835-85
Personal papers of this Albemarle County family, including a November 1850 letter from Eugene Davis of Charlottesville to [Thomas Hewitt Key] in London asking advice on freeing a female slave. Reference: (Acc. 2483-a)


290. ISAAC DAVIS PAPERS


ca. 1,500 items, ca. 1770-1850
Business, legal, and personal papers of this Orange County resident, including some slavery material, such as sales and a September 17, 1824, letter from a slave to Thomas Davis. Reference: (Acc. 320)


291. JACKSON DAVIS PAPERS


ca. 6,000 items, 1882- 1947
Papers of Jackson Davis, assistant director of the Virginia General Education Board. There is correspondence on black education in the South with such people as Robert R. Moton, principal of Tuskegee Institute, and Virginia Randolph. There is also a large collection of glass slides of scenes of black education in the South taken by Davis while on a general tour of black schools in the 1920s. Reference: (Acc. 3072)


[ African-American school in the South, ca. 1920s.
Jackson Davis Papers.
]


292. W. W. DAVIS IRON MANUFACTURING COMPANY PAPERS


ca. 1,000 items, 1841-1907
Mainly business and personal letters of W. W. Davis concerning his iron business in Rockbridge County and other activities. A February 9, 1844, letter from Benjamin A. Firebaugh to A. B. Stuart discusses the possibility of hiring out a slave, and a January 1845 bond for the hire of a female slave specifies her clothing allotment, as does one for 1858. This collection has a good amount of material on the practice of hiring out slaves. Reference: (Acc. 378)


293. DEARING FAMILY PAPERS


12 items, 1768-1983, photocopies
The papers contain seven letters, 1841-75, about family matters, business, crops, slave purchases, and life in Kentucky. Reference: (Acc. 10565)


293a. DEBREE LETTER


1 item, January 29, 1829
A letter written from Norfolk by M. W. deBree to her father John B. deBree containing personal news and a mention of an aborted slave insurrection planned for a ship bound for New Orleans. Reference: (Acc. 10930)


294. DETTINGEN PARISH VESTRY BOOK


1 item, 1744-1802, photocopy
The original of this Prince William County vestry book is in the Virginia State Library. Indentures have been copied and bound into the book; some concern free blacks such as a 1750 document about the mulatto offspring of a free black. Reference: (Acc. 2536)


295. DICK JOURNAL


1 item, 1806-9
The diary of a minor British official appointed by Parliament to examine documents in the United States relative to American claims. There is much comment on slavery and the treatment of blacks. Reference: (McGregor Library Acc. 4528)


296. DICKINSON FAMILY PAPERS


ca. 20 items, 1822-58
Papers of this family of Franklin County. Letters of March 28 and May 29, 1858, to Miss Sallie describe the capture of a fugitive slave in Cincinnati. Reference: (Acc. 38-176)


297. DILLARD FAMILY PAPERS


ca. 19,500 items, ca. 1720-1965
Personal and business papers of this Nansemond County family, including the papers of James Hardy Dillard (1856-1940), a southern educator known for his role in the advancement of race relations and black education in the South. Reference: (Acc. 9498)


298. JASON DOUGLAS PAPERS


ca. 1,000 items, 1735-1900
Personal and business correspondence of this Greene County resident. Tax assessments for 1863 giving the number and value of slaves and an 1841 will of Richard White of Greene County are included. Reference: (Acc. 702)


299. FREDERICK DOUGLASS COLLECTION


3 items, ca. 1895
Two letters and one photograph of this noted black American abolitionist, writer, and journalist. Reference: (Barrett Library Acc. 7181)


300. RICHARD THOMAS WALKER DUKE PAPERS


21 items, 1836-1919
Collection consists of the correspondence of Duke and his son, Judge Richard Thomas Walker Duke of Albemarle County. Topics include the hiring of former slaves. Reference: (Acc. 9521j)


301. PAUL LAWRENCE DUNBAR COLLECTION


6 items, 1892-1902
Letters and one manuscript of this major black American poet. Reference: (Barrett Library Acc. 6323)


302. PAUL LAWRENCE DUNBAR PAPERS


ca. 10,000 items, 1873-1936, microfilm (M-2236-44)
The microfilm edition of his papers held by the Ohio Historical Society. Reference: (Acc. 7147)


303. LEON DURE PAPERS


ca. 2,400 items, 1945-71
Personal papers of this Charlottesville resident who was a spokesman for "Freedom of Choice" as the solution to the problem of integration of the Virginia public schools in the 1960s. Included is correspondence with black leaders. Reference: (Acc. 9751)


304. MARTHA TABB DYER DIARIES


3 items, 1823-39
Three diaries, 1823-39, kept by this Calloway County, Missouri, woman with references to sewing, etc., for her slaves. Reference: (Acc. 7776)


305. WILLIAM P. EARLY PAPERS


4 items, 1834-51
Papers of this state senator from Madison County, which include a tax book listing free blacks and slaveholders kept while Early was sheriff of Madison County. Reference: (Acc. 4224)


306. EDGEHILL SCHOOL LETTER


1 item, January 10, 1864
A letter written from this Albemarle County school about the purchase of slaves for $11,000. Reference: (Acc. 38-421)


307. EMERSON FAMILY PAPERS


8 items, ca. 1835-65
Personal papers of this Augusta County family. The diary of Nancy Emerson has occasional references to family slaves and an account of the flight of the Reverend Luther Emerson and his slaves from advancing Union troops in the Valley of Virginia. Reference: (Acc. 38-47)


307a. EVANS FAMILY COLLECTION


7 items, 1889-1903
An African-American family of Knoxville, Maryland; Mary Evans, a former slave, and her son Henry write to her former owner, Brian Philpot, Chicago, conveying news of family and friends in Knoxville. Several letters thank Philpot for gifts of clothing and money. Reference: (Acc. 11018)


308. ESSEX COUNTY COURT HOUSE LEDGERS


13 items, 1813-65
General merchandise and farm records of J. Sanders & Co., Moore, Robinson & Co., J. B. Robinson, and J. K. Robinson. Included are scattered slavery references. Reference: (Acc. 38-47)


309. EX-SLAVE INTERVIEWS


5 items, 1927
Five transcripts of ex-slave interviews conducted by WPA workers. Reference: (Acc. 3462)


310. EX-SLAVE LETTERS


3 items, 1909-10
Included are two letters by a former slave living in California to his master's son, in Virginia, requesting to spend his last years on the old home place and recalling the Civil War, which "broke us up." Reference: (Acc. 2331)


311. FIFE FAMILY PAPERS


ca. 5,000 items, 1747-present
Business and personal papers of the Fife and related Herndon, Strickler, and Graves families, chiefly of Albemarle, Madison, and Spotsylvania counties. A Herndon account book, 1810-22, contains entries for "Dr. Thos. Colson's Old Negroes or the Fund for their Support." Reference: (Acc. 5943)


312. FIRST BAPTIST CHURCH HISTORY


1 item, 1981
The manuscript of Keeping the Faith: A History of First Baptist Church, 1863-1980, in Light of Its Times, West Main and Seventh Streets, Charlottesville, Virginia (Charlottesville: The Church, 1981) by Richard I. McKinney, a history of the oldest black church in Charlottesville. Reference: (Acc. 10479)


313. FITZHUGH FAMILY PAPERS


ca. 100 items, 1775-1803
Personal correspondence of William Fitzhugh of Chatham. Included is a July 14, 1796, letter from William Fitzhugh to Benjamin Grymes discussing a smallpox epidemic which was killing the slaves. Reference: (Acc. 5242)


314. FITZHUGH AND MARYE LAW OFFICE PAPERS


5 items, 1863-68
General correspondence of a Fredericksburg law firm, including the sale of Mrs. Thornton's slaves in May 1838. It compares slave prices in Virginia and Alabama. Reference: (Acc. 2062)


315. HORACE ASHTON FITZHUGH PAPERS


12 items, 1817-92
Business, legal, and financial papers of this King George County resident. Included is an 1858 list of the valuation of slaves. Reference: (Acc. 5723)


316. PETER FLEMING NEWSPAPER CLIPPING


1 item, May 1866
An item concerning the devotion of a Virginia black man to his former master. Reference: (Acc. 38-412)


317. FLUVANNA COUNTY COLLECTION


9 items, 1827-1907, microfilm (M-1725)
Includes a letter, ca. 1874, from Frank Morton, an ex-slave living in Claiborne County, Mississippi, to Joe Perkins of Fluvanna County in which Morton asked Perkins if he knew of the whereabouts of any of his five boys whom he had to leave in 1855 when he was sold to Mississippi. Reference: (Acc. 8386)


318. FOLLY FARM PAPERS


ca. 560 items, ca. 1800-1900
Business and personal papers of the Cochran family of Folly Farm near Staunton. Includes a number of slavery items, such as lists of slaves for hire in 1856-60 and two lists of gifts to slaves. Reference: (Acc. 9380)


319. FONTAINE FAMILY PAPERS


ca. 1,000 items, 1798-1861, microfilm (M-621)
Business, legal, and personal papers of Colonel Walter S. Fontaine of Buckingham County and of the Fontaine, Brown, Thompson and allied families. There are letters and business records regarding the sale of slaves, such as a March 21, 1817, letter from Benjamin Lewis to Fontaine asking him to sell two slaves but to try to respect the slaves' wishes to remain in the neighborhood, if possible, and testimony from relatives and neighbors regarding an accusation that overseer Christopher Johnson beat a slave to death. Reference: (Acc. 4149)


320. WALTER FONTAINE PAPERS


ca. 200 items, ca. 1810-1910
Mainly legal and business papers of this Buckingham County merchant. Included are an 1820 estate valuation of William Toney listing the estate's slaves and values; a receipt for hiring out a slave on August 23, 1831; and a December 1822 deed of sale for a female slave and her two children. Reference: (Acc. 7984)


321. JAMES WESTHALL FORD PAPERS


ca. 800 items, ca. 1820-80
Personal and business papers of this Richmond portrait artist (1806- 1868). Two letters from Joseph Mills in Norfolk to Ford, January 13 and July 28, 1840, ask Ford to sell a black woman, Delphina, owned by Mills because she did not want to live in Norfolk. Reference: (Acc. 6073)


322. ADAM FOSTER LETTER


1 item, January 9, 1877, photocopy
A letter from Foster to Cynthia in which he described in much detail the life on Tidewater plantations, especially Auborn in Mathews County. He went into detail on the work of the slaves and also expressed his interpretation of their feelings. Reference: (Acc. 10103)


323. RICHARD FOSTER PAPERS


ca. 30 items, 1773-1877
A small collection of business and legal papers of this Mathews County merchant and planter. Included is a May 20, 1803, deposition signed by the justice of peace of Mathews County taking custody of a runaway slave turned over to him. Reference: (Acc. 3523)


324. FRAZIER AND COLEMAN FAMILY PAPERS


ca. 700 items, 1801-1905
Business and personal papers of these families from Orange and Amherst counties. Data on slave births and deaths are recorded in the Frazier family Bible, as well as an 1847 list of slaves owned by Lancelot Burrus and an 1860 list of slaves belonging to the Coleman family. Reference: (Acc. 4114, etc.)


325. FREDERICKSBURG AND STAFFORD COUNTY LEDGERS


5 items, 1804-76
Included is a daybook kept by George P. King of Stafford County which shows how blacks were hired as tenant farmers beginning in 1867. Reference: (Acc. 5307)


326. FREDERICKSBURG COURT RECORDS


13 items, 1796-1855, microfilm (M-597-98)
Court records for the corporation of Fredericksburg and the county of Spotsylvania. The Hustings Court records include entries on prosecutions of slaves and freedmen. Reference: (Acc. 4141)


327. FREEDMEN WORK AGREEMENTS


2 items, 1865-67
Work agreements with former slaves of George Hannah of Gravel Hill. Reference: (Acc. 2602)


328. FREEDMEN'S BUREAU RECORDS


1 item, 1865-67, microfilm (M-632)
A microfilm copy of the records of Charlottesville and Albemarle County made from the originals in the National Archives. Reference: (Acc. 4443)


329. FRY, BARKSDALE, McLEMORE, SANDERS, AND RELATED FAMILY PAPERS


32 items, 1759-1969
A 1759-95 account book of the Reverend Henry Fry of Albemarle County which includes an entry for George Washington and one for James Madison, Sr. There are also two pocket almanacs, 1783? and 1795, kept by Fry, account books, and notebooks. The 1806-62 account book contains lists of slaves. Reference: (Acc. 10659-a)


330. GANNAWAY FAMILY PAPERS


ca. 1,000 items, ca. 1755-1935
Business and personal letters of this family of Red Oak, Buckingham County. In the business papers is an 1848 listing and valuation of the slaves of Archibald Clark and Mary C. Molloy. Reference: (Acc. 3784)


331. GARNETT FAMILY PAPERS


ca. 40 items, ca. 1770-1865, microfilm (M-1262)
Business and legal papers of this Essex County family. Included is an 1830 account of L. Lewis for furnishing support of slaves of George Washington's estate. Reference: (Acc. 6053)


332. MUSCOE R. E. GARNETT MANUSCRIPT


1 item, 1850
Remarks to the Virginia Constitutional Convention of 1850 on a measure concerning free blacks. Reference: (Acc. 5115)


333. GARRETT FAMILY PAPERS


ca. 300 items, ca. 1800-1935
Correspondence, personal, and business papers of this family of York County. Many scattered references to slavery include a July 2, 1843, letter to William Nelson giving permission for a slave, Jim, to be baptized; a December 20, 1851, letter from G. R. Garrett to his brother who had reported trouble at a Richmond college because blacks were allowed to be married there; an April 15, 1852, letter telling of a Captain Ravley who stabbed several blacks and killed at least one black person and, according to an October 11, 1852, letter, was found not guilty; and an October 4, 1852, letter mentioning that Fanny had been sold for behaving badly. Reference: (Acc. 9974, -a)


334. H. C. GARRETT LETTER


1 item, November 12, 1841
This letter from H. C. Garrett to Richard Stewart of Culpeper Court House includes a reference to the buying of slaves. Reference: (Acc. 38-463-a)


335. GILLFIELD BAPTIST CHURCH RECORDS


7 items, ca. 1827-1940, microfilm (M-1397)
Records of this black Baptist church of Petersburg beginning with the April 1827 Record Book. Reference: (Acc. 10041)


336. GILLIAM FAMILY PAPERS


ca. 1,500 items, 1802-1932
Primarily the personal and political correspondence, various accounts, and bills of this Dinwiddie County family. A specific section of this collection is devoted entirely to slavery and includes papers on the hiring out, trading, and purchasing of slaves. Reference: (Acc. 2608)


337. GILLIAM FAMILY PAPERS


ca. 300 items, ca. 1840-90
Primarily business and personal correspondence of this family of High Meadow near Richmond. A number of letters discuss slave prices and the buying and selling of slaves, such as a June 29, 1859, letter of J. T. Foster to Gilliam commenting on the high price of slaves and the fact that he would have to send to "Delaware for our supply." Reference: (Acc. 3593, -a)


338. GEORGE GILMER DAYBOOK


1 item, 1770-75
A medical daybook of this Charlottesville physician who counted Thomas Jefferson and James Madison among his patients. There are many entries on medical treatment for slaves. Reference: (Acc. 6145)


[ A page from George Gilmer's daybook showing treatment of Thomas Jefferson and two African-Americans.
George Gilmer Daybook.
]


339. Z. LEE GILMER CIVIL WAR DIARY


2 items, 1861-62
The two diaries contain a November 9, 1861, entry by this Charlottesville soldier about a personal servant, Tarleton, who carried arms for the Confederate Army. Reference: (Acc. 4459)


340. GOOCH FAMILY PAPERS


ca. 1,800 items, ca. 1800-1890
Correspondence and papers of Colonel Claiborne William Gooch of Richmond, his wife Rebecca, and sons Richard Barnes, Philip, and Arthur Fleming. The collection is primarily political in nature with much material on the U.S. Bank, nullification, and states' rights. Scattered slavery references include John Floyd's February 17, 1825, letter to C. W. Gooch which contains views on the slavery question and a January 22, 1845, letter of P. B. Gooch to P. C. Gooch discussing the sale of slaves. Reference: (Acc. 3921, -a)


341. GOOCHLAND PARISH REGISTER


1 item, 1750-95, microfilm (M-700)
Compiled by Reverend William Douglass, this register includes a page entitled "Register of Negroes born & christened." Reference: (Acc. 923)


342. SCHOOL TRUSTEES, BYRD DISTRICT, GOOCHLAND COUNTY, BOARD MINUTES


2 items, 1871-1900
Includes literacy statistics for white and black students and a September 17, 1896, teacher listing by race and salary. Reference: (Acc. 1032)


343. GOODWIN FAMILY PAPERS


4 items, 1770-1940, photocopies
Genealogical records of the Goodwin, Burruss, Hart, and Winston families from the Goodwin family Bible that contain information on slaves' births and deaths from 1823 to 1865. Reference: (Acc. 4125)


344. GOOSE CREEK BAPTIST CHURCH RECORDS


2 items, 1775-1853, microfilm (M-649)
Church records, 1775-1853, including lists of slave members. Reference: (Acc. 4496)


345. GORDON FAMILY PAPERS


ca. 50 items, 1745-1900
Collection includes the 1845-88 diary of William Gordon, a planter of Nelson County. It contains frequent references to, as well as annual records of, the plantation slaves. Reference: (Acc. 9553)


346. GORDON FAMILY PAPERS


ca. 1,000 items, ca. 1810-1915
Personal and political papers of William Fitzhugh Gordon of Orange County. Some of the family personal correspondence involves the slaves, such as a December 15, 1830, letter relating that a slave, Nancy, had been sold to her reputed father and sent to Philadelphia and a February 18, 1847, letter reporting that some of the slaves had to be sold to meet debts. Reference: (Acc. 10089)


347. GRAHAM FAMILY PAPERS


ca. 3,000 items, 1808-1900
Business records of the Wytheville ironworks of Joseph J. and David Graham. A seven-volume time book for 1828-52 consists of records of black labor, slaves hired and at what prices, information on runaways, etc. There is also a five-volume time book for 1846-70. Reference: (Acc. 38-106, etc.)


348. GRAVEL HILL PAPERS


ca. 1,500 items, 1804-88
Records and correspondence of the Hannah family of Gravel Hill, Charlotte County. There are a few references to blacks, such as George Hannah's "Register of My Black Family's Ages, 1800-1851" and medical accounts of George Hannah for 1855-60 including treatment of blacks. Reference: (Acc. 2320)


349. GRAVES FAMILY COLLECTION


56 items, ca. 1830-60
A small collection of family letters primarily of this Georgia and North Carolina family. Among a few documents on slave sales and hiring out are a March 17, 1844, sale of four slaves and a January 20, 1859, sale of a male slave described as a brick mason. Reference: (Acc. 1776)


350. JEREMIAH WHITE GRAVES COLLECTION


3 items, 1822-78, microfilm (M-686)
Account book, 1822-53, and diaries, 1843-78, of this Pittsylvania County planter, with references to slavery. Reference: (Acc. 5047)


351. PHILIP GREEN JOURNALS


4 items, ca. 1810-55
Letters, sermons, etc., bound in journals belonging to a Methodist circuit preacher and containing numerous references to slavery. Reference: (Acc. 7652)


352. GREEN-FLETCHER FAMILY PAPERS


ca. 150 items, ca. 1790-1890
Papers of these Culpeper and Rappahanock county families including a list of the slaves owned by the Green family and an August 4, 1865, letter discussing black labor in New Orleans. Reference: (Acc. 4694)


353. GREENLEE PAPERS


ca. 2,700 items, 1819-98
Legal papers and documents of John F. Greenlee, clerk of Rockbridge County Court. Included are an 1860 alphabetical list of free blacks in Rockbridge County and a September 22, 1863, list of the number of slaves drafted in Rockbridge County to work in the defense of Richmond. Reference: (Acc. 5213-c)


354. GRINNAN FAMILY PAPERS


ca. 6,000 items, 1749-1899
Business records, correspondence, and account books of this family of Fredericksburg. Many of the documents contain references to slavery. Among them are bills of sale, correspondence among family members regarding slavery, an October 7, 1790, payment for sold slaves; a February 12, 1851, letter from Louisa to A. G. Grinnan with references to the fugitive slave bill; an April 13, 1864, letter from Robert Grinnan to A. G. Grinnan about the sale of slaves; an April 18, 1855, letter from G. B. Wallace to Andrew Grinnan (in family correspondence, 1854-56) which discusses slave breeding; a letter from a slave asking to be purchased (in the 1824-30 folder); and letters containing references to abolitionism, a letter from a slave to his master, and an April 3, 1834, letter referring to payment for the "hauling" of blacks (in the 1832-39 folder). Reference: (Acc. 49, etc.)


355. WILLIAM HUGH GROVE DIARY


1 item, 1732
This travel diary of an Englishman describes life in Virginia around Williamsburg and Yorktown. The entries describe slave quarters near Williamsburg and the life-style of slaves, as well as traveling on a slave ship. Reference: (McGregor Library Acc. 3850)


356. GEORGE E. GRYMES MANAGER'S JOURNAL


1 item, 1855-57
A daily plantation account of Mount Stuart in King George County, with a list of slaves noting occupations and valuations. Reference: (Acc. 4494)


357. HALIFAX COUNTY PETITION


1 item, ca. 1860
From a group of citizens to Governor John Letcher asking that a death sentence given a slave be commuted. Reference: (Acc. 10287-a)


358. E. G. HALLER PAPERS


10 items, ca. 1825-90
Papers, account books, and memorabilia of this physician of Wytheville. Haller's report in 1870 to the overseers of the poor for Wytheville township records the medical treatment of the poor including black citizens. There is also material on the medical treatment of slaves. Reference: (Acc. 981)


359. HAMLET FAMILY PAPERS


26 items, 1805-89
Correspondence and accounts of the Hamlet family of Campbell County. Included is a copy of an October 1, 1878, letter from Thomas Clark to "Brother" Hamlet explaining the expulsion for "grossly immoral conduct" of a slave named Tom from the Baptist church at Union Hill. Reference: (Acc. 3270-b)


360. HAMOND NAVAL PAPERS


ca. 40 items, 1766-1825, microfilm (M-1722-24)
Records of letters received and sent and orders received and issued directly related to the naval commands and duties of Captain Andrew Snape Hamond and Admiral Graham Eden Hamond of the Royal Navy. Andrew Hamond's papers are concerned principally with British naval operations during the American Revolutionary War. The letterbooks for May and June 1776 mention the use of Afro-American troops by English forces in the Tidewater area. Reference: (McGregor Library Acc. 680)


361. GEORGE C. HANNAH COLLECTION


22 items, 1843-64
Bills of sale, receipts, and hiring out notes for slaves in Charlotte County. Reference: (Acc. 970)


362. HANOVER COUNTY TAX BOOK


1 item, 1836-62, microfilm (M-657)
A tax book of Hanover County residents kept by Henry C. Bowles. Included is a list of free blacks and a birth list of slaves. Reference: (Acc. 4643)


363. HARRIS-BRADY PAPERS


150 items, 1819-59
The bulk of this collection deals with the slave market around Scottsville and Richmond. Many letters detail the prices of slaves and the time to buy and sell. Most of the correspondence is from Richmond friends and business acquaintances of James Brady of Scottsville, describing the state of the slave market. Reference: (Acc. 38-597)


[ An October 30, 1850, letter to James Brady in Richmond outlining current prices on the buying and selling of slaves.
Harris-Brady Papers.
]


364. HARRISON-ROBERTS FAMILY PAPERS


ca. 70 items, ca. 1860-80
Consists primarily of letters of E. L. Roberts, a Confederate soldier, to his wife and daughter. A December 18, 1861, letter from Roberts describes a planned slave insurrection in Shreveport and a slave who threatened to kill his Alabama master. A February 21, 1862, letter describes how a slave freed by Union soldiers escaped and returned to the Confederate lines. Reference: (Acc. 10207)


365. JOHN W. HASKINS PAPERS


20 items, 1811-87
Legal and business papers of this Buckingham Court House lawyer. A will of Abraham Neighbours on April 4, 1850, divides his slaves among his survivors. Reference: (Acc. 1173)


366. HAWFIELD PLANTATION ACCOUNT BOOKS


ca. 120 items, ca. 1840-1930
The account books, ledgers, and journals of this Orange County plantation. Noted is a photograph of black and white miners at Mineral Springs, a sulphur mine on the plantation.
The account books of the 1840s and 1850s have infrequent references to payment of slaves. There is also a plantation record book kept by the overseer. Reference: (Acc. 2198)


[ Sulphur mine workers, Mineral Springs, Orange County, ca. 1890.
Hawfield Plantation Papers.
]


367. HAWKINS FAMILY PAPERS


ca. 300 items, 1769-1849
Primarily the business papers of Laban Hawkins of Prince Edward County. Slave references include tax receipts, doctor's bills, and bills of sale for slaves. Reference: (Acc. 38-142)


368. HEMINGS GENEALOGIES


14 items, ca. 1960
Genealogies of the slaves at Monticello, home of Thomas Jefferson, compiled by John Cook Wylie. Reference: (Acc. 6636, -a, -b, -c)


369. ATCHESON HENCH PAPERS


665 items, 1939-48
Papers of Hench as Charlottesville School Board member and member of various committees including curriculum, personnel, education facilities for blacks, and the special committee to investigate conditions at Jefferson High, containing correspondence, memoranda, meeting dockets, and related material. General topics include school budgets, teachers' salaries, Miller School applicants, school activities and programs, war activities, and statistics. Specific topics of interest are the opening of Lane High School, 1940; petitioning for equalization of salaries for blacks and whites; and teacher-principal conflicts at Jefferson High School, 1945-46. Reference: (Acc. 927)


370. ATCHESON HENCH COLLECTION


ca. 5,000 items, ca. 1800-1930
A miscellaneous collection of letters, primarily by Virginians, collected by Hench. Included are some letters discussing slavery and an 1860 deposition and conviction notice of Lafayette Lee for selling liquor to a slave. Reference: (Acc. 4030)


370a. HENKEL FAMILY PAPERS


ca. 475 items, 1805-1941
Papers of New Market, Shenandoah County, family of Lutheran clergy and printers, operators of the German/English Henkel Press. Contains a letter in German, February 22, 1816, from Jacob Crigler to Dr. Solomon Henkel about a slave ill with dysentery. Reference: (Acc. 8653-f)


371. HENRY FAMILY PAPERS


15 items, 1766-1866
Included are an 1823 receipt for the purchase of two slaves and a reference in an 1840 letter to a slave who had run away to Canada. Reference: (Acc. 38-473)


372. HARRY HETH PAPERS


ca. 4,000 items, 1763-1841
Business, personal, and legal correspondence and documents of this Richmond and Norfolk area businessman who owned the Black Heath coal pits. Scattered references to slavery include a December 25, 1796, letter about the hire of slaves; a list of slaves, ca. 1810; and an 1821 certificate concerning the apprehension of a runaway slave. Reference: (Acc. 38-114)


373. HETH-SELDEN FAMILY PAPERS


ca. 220 items, 1725-1925
Papers and personal correspondence of these Richmond-area families. Included is a list of slaves bought at auction on December 15, 1842, with prices. Reference: (Acc. 5071)


374. HILL FAMILY PAPERS


ca. 70 items, ca. 1820-85
Business, legal, and personal papers of this family of King William and King and Queen counties. In the farm diaries kept by Edward Hill for 1860-66 there are numerous entries on slaves including one on May 31, 1863, noting that a slave named William was missing. Reference: (Acc. 6548)


375. HILL, DICKINSON & COMPANY DOCUMENT


1 item, ca. 1860
Printed form used by this company for slave purchases. Reference: (Acc. 2146)


376. HILLYER FAMILY PAPERS


ca. 350 items, ca. 1790-1860, microfilm (M-209)
Letters between Asa Hillyer of Connecticut and his sons. Most of the correspondence is with his son Shaler of Poplar Grove, Georgia. The social comment mainly concerns Georgia. Included are a slave bill of sale; a "Cotton Book" listing the number of pounds picked by each hand; and a list of slaves "Freed by Abe Lincoln's Proclamation." Reference: (Acc. 2130)


377. WILLIAM SILLIMAN HILLYER PAPERS


ca. 640 items, 1822-1931
Correspondence, military papers, speeches, photographs, printed material, and memorabilia of this Civil War Union officer (1831- 1874). Military papers of Hillyer include references to various services by blacks. Reference: (Acc. 10645)


378. MARY JANE HOLLADAY JOURNAL


1 item, 1851-61
Most of the journal concerns a trip to famous natural scenic spots in the Valley and Blue Ridge Mountains of Virginia. The account includes a short description of a black church in Lexington. The journal was privately printed in 1970 as The Journals of Mary Jane Boggs Holladay. 1851-1861, and portions of it were published in the Virginia Magazine of History and Biography 77 (1969): 78-111. Reference: (Acc. 9703)


379. HOLLAND FAMILY PAPERS


ca. 3,000 items, ca. 1830-70
Consists of the legal papers of Asa Holland, sheriff of Rockingham County. Included are an indenture of October 29, 1847, mentioning the sale of slaves to pay a debt; a bill of sale for a young boy in 1846 for $500; and an 1805-12 cash book which lists the ages of black children. Reference: (Acc. 902)


380. HOLLOWAY FAMILY PAPERS


1 item, 1853-56
The medical account journal of Drs. William Amiss and William S. Alsop of Rappahannock County. The accounts include references to medical treatment of slaves such as an entry of April 4, 1852, noting the extraction of a tooth for a "negro woman." Reference: (Acc. 6133-b)


381. HOLSINGER STUDIO COLLECTION


ca. 10,000 items, ca. 1890-1920
Glass and film negatives of this local Charlottesville studio. Included among the many portraits are those of a few local black citizens. Reference: (Acc. 9862)


[ An African-American family in Albemarle County, Virginia, ca. 1915.
Holsinger Studio Photograph Collection.
]


382. HOOE-HARRISON LETTERS


20 items, 1832-50
Personal letters primarily from Nathaniel Hooe of King George County to his son-in-law William A. Harrison in Alabama. Some discuss the movement of slaves from Virginia to Alabama. Reference: (Acc. 10548)


383. JOHN HOOK AND BOWKER PRESTON PAPERS


146 items, 1787-1882
Personal correspondence, business correspondence, and ledgers of Hook and his son-in-law, Bowker Preston, of Franklin and Bedford counties. Included are a one-volume ledger, 1851-69, with slave birth records, etc.; a promissory note on a hired-out slave in 1787; and an 1806 warrant for the arrest of a man suspected of harboring a fugitive slave. A September 9, 1834, letter describes the death of a young male slave from cholera; an October 8, 1834, letter describes the sickness of a slave with a bowel complaint; and a December 23, 1835, letter mentions the possibility of hiring out slaves. Reference: (Acc. 247)


384. HOOPER-WRIGHT PAPERS


ca. 2,000 items, ca. 1760-1895
Correspondence and financial records of Nicholas Hooper of Front Royal and Middletown and of George Wright of Middletown. Included is a deed of manumission for Rachael Smith dated December 1799. Reference: (Acc. 4392)


385. MARCUS HOPKINS DIARY


1 item, 1868
The diary of Major Marcus Hopkins, a Civil War soldier from Ohio, who was an official in the Freedmen's Bureau in central Virginia. There is much discussion of the treatment of blacks. Reference: (Acc. 4656)


386. GUSTAVUS RICHARD BROWN HORNER PAPERS


ca. 7,000 items, 1822-91
Personal correspondence, business records, account books, and diaries of this medical doctor who served as ship's surgeon in the U.S. Navy. Many letters written by relatives in Warrenton mention the physical condition of slaves. An entry in the diary for 1880 recounts a lynching near Warrenton. Reference: (Acc. 379)


387. ERASTUS HOSKINS PAPERS


ca. 50 items, 1862-64
Letters of a captain in the Quartermaster Corps of the Confederate army stationed in Mississippi, as well as letters of James Preston Pinkston and a few other family members. A March 17, 1853, letter from Hoskins to his son mentions that "Cousin John" had some sick slaves that had been "pressed" by the government. A letter of March 17, 1864, from Alice Pearson to her aunt reports that the northern soldiers burned the house of Aunt Maryan, the slaves told the soldiers where everything was hidden, and twenty-eight slaves went with the Federal troops. Reference: (Acc. 7478)


388. WILLIAM HOWARD PAPERS


1 item, 1782-1824
A Book of Common Prayer recording the births of slaves of an Albemarle County family, 1782-1824. Reference: (Acc. 7988)


389. HUBARD FAMILY LETTERS


3 items, 1827-54
Two letters to Robert T. Hubard, Sr., in Cumberland County and an 1827 diary probably kept by a family member. The diary has notations on sales of slaves, runaways, and entries for the hire of a free black to do some "ditching." Reference: (Acc. 4253)


390. HUBARD FAMILY PAPERS


ca. 12,000 items, ca. 1750-1950
Correspondence, legal, and business documents of Robert T. Hubard, Sr., and his descendants of Rosny and Chellowe in Buckingham County. This large family collection has references to slavery including a list of Hubard's slaves and their value at emancipation; a list of Virginia counties having fewer than 500 taxable slaves; a table of the population, both slave and white, of Virginia by decades from 1790 to 1870; and a December 22, 1854, letter from Charles Jones to Robert Hubard written for a slave, Walker, who wanted Hubard to buy his wife who was going to be sold. Reference: (Acc. 8039)


391. HUBARD FAMILY PAPERS


135 items, ca. 1825-1910
Additional business and personal papers of Robert T. Hubard, Sr. An 1844 letter from Thomas Gilmer to Hubard states "it was useless to deny or doubt that this Negro question is the question on which our fate hangs. We must give up our slaves or give up the Union." A February 14, 1843, letter from William B. Hubard to Robert Hubard speaks of William s desire to acquire a good "body servant." Reference: (Acc. 7093-c,-e,-f)


392. HUBARD FAMILY PAPERS


ca. 5,000 items, ca. 1810-70
Additional papers of this family, chiefly receipts and accounts, detailing every phase of the operation of Rosny, in Buckingham County, and Tye River Quarter, in Nelson County. In several notebooks, 1836-62, Robert T. Hubard, Sr., made notes for the instruction of his sons in farming methods, of his crops produced each year on the plantations, and on his slaves. Post-Civil War material includes many receipts of payment to freedmen for work on his plantations. Reference: (Acc. 8708)


393. HUBARD FAMILY PAPERS


1 item, 1841-46
A register entitled "Negroes in Buckingham" kept by Hubard. The document includes records of slave purchases and deaths. Reference: (Acc. 7786-m)


394. HUBARD FAMILY PAPERS


2 items, 1860-65
Included is a Civil War diary kept by Hubard which contains occasional mention of his personal servant, Davy, who accompanied him to the front. Reference: (Acc. 10522)


395. HUBARD FAMILY PAPERS


1 item, January 10, 1864
A letter from A. D. Almond, Howardsville, to A. R. Blakey, Madison Court House, describing conditions on the Hubard farm and mentioning procurement of "linen for all our Negroes." Reference: (Acc. 7786-v)


396. HUGER FAMILY PAPERS


ca. 50 items, 1773-1863, microfilm (M-1256)
Mainly the papers of Joseph A. Huger, a plantation owner near Savannah, Georgia. A "plantation book" for 1855-61 has detailed information on the numbers of slaves, clothing issued them, births, deaths, and work assigned. Reference: (Acc. 6019)


397. BENJAMIN HUGER PAPERS


ca. 600 items, ca. 1830-70, microfilm (M-2277-79)
Correspondence of this career army officer from South Carolina who served in the Mexican War and the Civil War. There is practically no material on blacks, but an October 10, 1837, letter from a friend of Huger, Captain Gait, who was serving in the Indian wars in Florida, mentions that a number of black slaves had surrendered to the post in St. Augustine. He thought that the slaves were let loose by the Indians because of a food shortage. Reference: (Acc. 9942)


398. HULLIHEN-STANDARD-KLINE FAMILY PAPERS


ca. 3,500 items, ca. 1740-1940
Business, legal, and personal papers of various Virginia families. An account book of R. C. Ambler, 1831-36, notes medical treatment, including treatment of slaves. Reference: (Acc. 6394)


399. FONTAINE HUMPHREY ACCOUNT BOOK


2 items, 1819-31
Farm notebooks kept at Palmyra, with references to the health of slaves, etc. Reference: (Acc. 1623)


400. JOHN H. HUNTER PAPERS


86 items, 1861-64
Official correspondence of this CSA surgeon. An October 12, 1861, letter to Hunter requests a pass for a sick black "teamster." Reference: (Acc. 166)


400a. HUNTER-GARNETT FAMILY PAPERS


ca. 2,000 items, ca. 1700-1940
Papers of the Hunter-Garnet families consisting primarily of personal, financial, and political correspondence of Muscoe Garnett (1821-1864) and architectural plans, plats, and legal documents concerning the family estate Elmwood. Also included are a daybook of William Hunter containing lists of slaves and clothing and shoe allotments and a daybook of James Mercer and Mercer Garnett as estate administrators containing slave lists and evaluations. Reference: (Acc. 38-45-C)


401. HUTCHINSON-ABERNETHY GENEALOGY


3 items, ca. 1780-1850
Bible records of the Isaac Hutchinson family, 1781-1850, of Virginia and West Virginia, including his son's slaves. Reference: (Acc. 4735)


402. HUTTON FAMILY PAPERS


ca. 50 items, ca. 1775-1850, microfilm (M-633)
Papers of the Hutton family of Broughton, England, and of Isaac Hutton who emigrated to America in 1814 and lived in Albany, New York. Included are the 1816 minutes of Albany's Sunday Free Schools for Negroes of which Isaac was president. Reference: (Acc. 4325)


403. INDENTURE


1 item, August 19, 1865
An indenture binding a "Free girl of color," Susan, to John F. Hawkins to learn to be a house servant. Reference: (Acc. 6060)


404. RICHARD IRBY PAPERS


ca. 500 items, 1825-1900, microfilm (M-33)
Correspondence and plantation records of this Nottoway County resident. The many slave references include an 1805 memorandum book which is chiefly a record of slaves; accounts of slaves, 1848-53; an 1858 overseer's notebook; 1805 slave records; and plantation records with slave accounts for 1847 and 1854-56. Reference: (Acc. 1194)


405. IRVINE-SAUNDERS FAMILY PAPERS


ca. 3,500 items, 1763-1925
A large collection consisting of the papers of these Campbell and Prince Edward counties families. Among the many business and legal papers and documents are slave sale transactions. The personal letters, especially those of the Civil War period, discuss slaves and slave problems, e.g., an October 7, 1861, letter from Fleming Saunders to his mother concerning troubles with slaves and an October 24, 1863, letter relating news of a murder by a slave. Also included are three special orders involving the U.S. Colored Troops stationed near Petersburg in 1864. Reference: (Acc. 38-33)


406. WASHINGTON IRVING COLLECTION


11 items, n.d.
Fragments of Washington Irving manuscripts including an incomplete discussion of the case concerning the Spanish slave ship Amistad and the ownership of the ship and cargo following the mutiny of the slaves, as well as a story of a German "who had an amour with a slave." Reference: (Clifton Waller Barrett Library Acc. 6256-aj)


407. PHOEBE JACKSON ACCOUNT BOOK


1 item, 1843-45
The account book of this Afro-American Petersburg resident who performed medical services such as "cupping" and "leeching." She noted many visits to servants. Reference: (Acc. 2120)


408. LOUIS I. JAFFE PAPERS


ca. 5,600 items, 1914-50
Personal and business correspondence of the editor of the Norfolk Virginian-Pilot. There is correspondence with Governor Harry F. Byrd, Sr., concerning a proposed antilynching bill and with such prominent Afro-Americans as Walter White and P. B. Young, editor of the Norfolk Journal and Guide. Reference: (Acc. 9924)


409. LOUIS I. JAFFE PAPERS


430 items, 1931-49
Articles, reports, speeches, news clippings, pamphlets, and other printed material, photographs, and some correspondence, all pertaining to subjects of concern to Jaffe as editor of the Virginian- Pilot. The chief topic is the use by Norfolk Polytechnic College (Virginia State University) of a vacated nurses home at the former St. Vincent's Hospital in a predominantly black section of Norfolk. Also of interest are materials on the Southern Regional Council including minutes of the executive committee and board meetings and copies of The Southern Frontier and The New South. Other topics include suffrage reform, particularly in regard to the poll tax; World War II, especially the military buildup in Norfolk and attendant problems; Virginia politics and the Byrd machine; Norfolk civic issues; public health; and Judaism. Of unusual interest is a letter from Bravid W. Harris about Third World democracy and Liberia. Reference: (Acc. 9924-k)


410. EDWARD WILSON JAMES PAPERS


ca. 2,000 items, 1635-1906
Records of the James family of lower Norfolk County consisting mostly of legal and business records. Occasional slave bills of sale are included, such as an 1829 bill for the sale of a woman, as are 1784 lists of tithables and taxable property for various Tidewater districts. Reference: (Acc. 38-402)


411. JAMES RIVER AND KANAWHA CANAL COMPANY PAPERS


1 vol., 1859-80
Minutes of stockholders' meetings that in March 1865 mention the use of black labor to repair locks destroyed by Sheridan. Reference: (Acc. 10421-a)


412. JARRETT, BYNUM, ETC., FAMILY PAPERS


ca. 100 items, 1813-96
Largely private correspondence of a number of North Carolina and other southern families. Many of the letters discuss slaves: prices, runaways, etc. A May 30, 1838, letter to Major Thomas B. Cooper from George Phillips mentions a slave's attempt to kill an overseer. Reference: (Acc. 1030)


413. ISAAC JEFFERSON COLLECTION


2 items, ca. 1847
The manuscript reminiscences of this Monticello slave once owned by Thomas Jefferson as told to Charles Campbell, printed as Memoirs of a Monticello Slave (Charlottesville: University of Virginia Press, 1951), and a daguerreotype of Isaac Jefferson. (McGregor Library Acc. 2041)

[ Daguerreotype photograph, 1847, of Isaac Jefferson.
Isaac Jefferson Collection.
]


414. THOMAS JEFFERSON PAPERS


ca. 3,300 items, 1732-1826
The Jefferson Papers contain many references to slaves and slavery. A published calendar to the collection is available: The Jefferson Papers of the University of Virginia, compiled by Constance E. Thurlow et al. (Charlottesville: University Press of Virginia, 1973).

414a. JAMES WELDON JOHNSON COLLECTION


1 item, ca. 1920
Signed sepia photograph of James Weldon Johnson (1871-1938), African-American writer and one of the founders of the National Association for the Avancement of Colored Persons (NAACP) and its secretary from 1916 to 1930. Johnson is shown sitting against a wooden post. Signed on the bottom margin in blue ink "James Weldon Johnson." Reference: (Barrett Library Acc. 11072)


415. JOHNSTON-WRIGHT FAMILY PAPERS


625 items, 1858-1900
The collection consists chiefly of personal account books, daybooks, journals, ledgers, business correspondence, and other papers of James Johnston, postmaster at Hardware, ca. 1885-90, general merchant, and owner of the Green Mountain Mill, Albemarle. An 1891 letter from Thomas E. Locke, a minister, about his services and salary and an 1885 letter from William Garland to Joshua Martin about a "Yankee carpetbagger" causing trouble among blacks are of note. Reference: (Acc. 38-8)


416. JONES FAMILY PAPERS


53 items, 1790-1820
A collection of bills, receipts, and legal documents of Isaac and Thomas Jones, merchants of Fredericksburg. Included is a November 2, 1795, bill of sale for a slave belonging to William True. Reference: (Acc. 2428-a)


417. LEROI JONES COLLECTION


27 items, 1960-63
Letters and postcards of this contemporary black author to Diane Di Prima. Reference: (Barrett Library Acc. 7884)


417a. JORDAN FAMILY COLLECTION


25 items, 1875-1966
The Jordan family were Quakers residing in James City, Isle of Wight, Nansemond, and Halifax counties. The papers consist of correspondence, family histories, a genealogical chart, and Bible records containing birth and death dates for both family and slaves. Most of the material pertains to the descendants of 1609 immigrants Samuel and Cicely Jourdan (Jordan), and particularly to the family of Dr. Clement Hobson Jordan. Reference: (Acc. 10617-E)


418. C. BRIAN KELLY PAPERS


ca. 2,500 items, 1959-78
Staff writer for the Washington Star, Kelly covered Virginia politics, particularly election campaigns, and activities of the General Assembly. Politically related topics in the collection include the desegregation of Prince Edward County schools. Reference: (Acc. 10566)


419. KELLY-NORRIS PAPERS


16 items, 1812-38
Letters primarily from John Kelly, a retail merchant in Charlottesville, to Opie Norris, a commission merchant in Richmond. A March 19, 1813, letter from Kelly to Norris mentions a slave who seemed to be an habitual runaway. Reference: (Acc. 3928-a)


420. KENNON PAPERS


ca. 950 items, 1808-1903
Personal and business papers of William Henry Kennon and his son, William Upshur Kennon, of Norwood, Powhatan County. A two-volume journal, 1808-83, of Beverly Randolph's Powhatan County plantation contains slave records. The voluminous general correspondence probably contains reference to slaves and slavery. Reference: (Acc. 38-95)


421. KENTUCKY SLAVE CONTRACT


1 item, October 3, 1814, photocopy
Bill of sale, original at the University of Kentucky Library, between W. Crawford and James Pipen of Nicholas County, Kentucky, authorizing the sale of a female slave for $350 from Pipen to Crawford. Reference: (Acc. 4679)


422. KENT FAMILY PAPERS


7 items, 1760-1912, photocopies
Contains business papers and Bible records of the Kent, Meux, and McGavock families of Bedford County. An indenture, October 17, 1805, signs over slaves and other property of Jane Quirk of Montgomery County to Joseph Kent of Wythe County. Reference: (Acc. 8994)


423. KENT-HUNTER FAMILY PAPERS


ca. 350 items, 1823-1919, microfilm (M-608)
Papers of Robert M. Kent of Louisa Court House and the Hunter, Thompson, and Lane families of Louisa County. Three letters, 1851 and 1853, to Robert M. Kent from William H. Starr of the American Colonization Society discuss the emigration of ex-slaves to Liberia. Among the correspondence of the Thompson family, 1823-51, are letters describing the selling of slaves. Reference: (Acc. 4165)


424. JAMES J. KILPATRICK PAPERS


ca. 40,000 items, ca. 1940-
Business and personal papers of James J. Kilpatrick, newspaper editor and syndicated columnist. There is much correspondence concerning Virginia's position on integration of the public school system during the 1950s and 1960s. Reference: (Acc. 6626)


425. SIGISMUNDA STRIBLING KIMBALL JOURNAL


1 item, 1860-63
Journal of this woman from Mount Jackson in the Shenandoah Valley recording daily farm business. There are frequent references to slaves ("hands") and a detailed account concerning the return of runaway slaves with Union troops to rescue their wives and families. Reference: (Acc. 2534)


426. KING AND QUEEN COUNTY TAX BOOKS


4 items, 1819-21
Three tax books and a fee book which record taxes on slaves and the taxation of free blacks. Reference: (Acc. 4414)


427. KLIPSTEIN FAMILY PAPERS


55 items, 1823-68
Chiefly correspondence of Dr. Philip Klipstein of Fauquier County. Included are receipts for the hire of black women, discussion of a court case involving the ownership of slaves taken from Virginia to Kentucky, and material on the Baltimore Colonization Society. Reference: (Acc. 2234)


428. ROBERT LARIMER PAPERS


12 items, 1863-65
A small group of letters, documents, and diaries of this Union soldier in the Ohio Volunteer Infantry who was in Virginia during the Civil War. The diaries have occasional references to freed slaves and black troops. Reference: (Acc. 38-219)


429. LEWIS LATANE DAYBOOK


1 item, 1707-94, microfilm (M-622)
A daybook of Lewis Latane, a Huguenot immigrant who lived in Manakin, Goochland County. It contains many names and birth dates of slaves. Reference: (Acc. 4348)


430. LATANE FAMILY PAPERS


ca. 710 items, 1650-1898
Personal, legal, military, and business correspondence and accounts of this family of Essex County. A number of letters and documents refer to individual slaves and slavery in general, including a December 10, 1772, letter from Samuel Peachey to William Latane asking that a young male slave be sent to him to learn the blacksmith trade; a 1794 circular referring to the transportation of slaves from Africa to the West Indies; and several slave inventories and bills of sale. Reference: (Acc. 6490)


431. THOMAS LAW PAPERS


49 items, 1808-34
Correspondence of this Englishman who immigrated to the United States and became prominent in Washington society. In a November 1, 1824, letter he discussed emigration of American slaves to Haiti, and on October 1, 1828, he wrote of the emancipation of slaves. Reference: (McGregor Library Acc. 2801)


431a. CHARLES LEE LETTER


1 item, May 2, 1813
Letter from Charles Lee, Alexandria, to William Broadfoot, with legal advice concerning compensation for the seizure of a ship apparently used as a slave trader. Reference: (Acc. 38-112-C)


432. RICHARD BLAND LEE LETTER


7 items, 1798, 1903-23
A letter from Richard Bland Lee to Edmund Jennings Lee; five letters from Jean Jules Jusserand to Frederic A. Delano; and a pamphlet, Patronage National des Blesses. The December 13, 1798, Lee letter concerns an apparent confusion over the sale and expected emancipation of a slave, Caroline. Reference: (Acc. 9971-a)


433. LEESBURG FAMILY PAPERS


ca. 10,000 items, ca. 1650-1960
Business, legal, and personal papers of five interrelated Loudoun County families: the Fendall, Harrison, Miller, Murray, and Jones families. Included are lists and descriptions, 1823-30, of slaves belonging to Miss McCall, whose estate was settled by Walter Jones. The diary of Sterling Murray, 1812-16, includes a fine description of a trip to Havana, Cuba, by the slaves on a sugar plantation. Also mentioned are the slave trade in Havana and an incident in which an African chief boarded a slave ship and removed all the slaves in retaliation for the abduction of some of his warriors. Reference: (Acc. 8557-a)


434. GENERAL JOEL LEFTWICH PAPERS


ca. 2,500 items, 1780-1890
Correspondence, financial and legal papers, printed material, and miscellaneous related papers of this Bedford County businessman and farmer. Tax statements for the year 1802 depict Joel Leftwich as the owner of seven slaves for which he paid a tax of $13.90 (the tax for Pilgrim was ten dollars). Other documents pertain to the hiring of his slaves and the legal dispensations of them for the payment of debts, 1796-1826. Among these legal documents is a complaint against a slave named Bill who was owned by Jesse Leftwich; the slave had shot a dog belonging to his owner's brother Augustine, and Joel Leftwich, as justice of the peace, issued a warrant for his arrest. Reference: (Acc. 38-32)


435. JOHN LEVERING CIVIL WAR MEMOIRS


2 items, 1887-91
Memoirs of the Civil War experiences of this former officer of the 2d Brigade of the Indiana Volunteer Militia. He made scattered references to black troops and on pages 489-90 described Cherokee Union troops at Fort Gibson, Florida, who brought their black slaves into the ranks with them. Reference: (Acc. 10113)


436. LEWIS FAMILY PAPERS


ca. 200 items, ca. 1800-1860
Mainly business papers of this Essex County family. The many slave entries include a May 18, 1810, letter from Erasmus Jones to Vernon Lewis describing the sale and swap of a slave, Esther, who wanted to remain with her husband and an inventory of the slaves of the estate of Dr. John Lewis. Reference: (Acc. 1525)


437. LEWIS, ANDERSON, AND MARKS FAMILY PAPERS


ca. 800 items, ca. 1770-1900
Personal, business, and legal correspondence of these Albemarle County residents. Included are an April 6, 1778, letter from an elderly slave to Lucy Marks and numerous documents and letters concerning slavery, as well as a series of letters in 1827-28 from Sidney Reese, a member of Congress, to Reuben Lewis describing the payment of a debt to Reese in the form of slaves. Reference: (Acc. 9041)


438. JAMES H. LEWIS PAPERS


ca. 30 items, ca. 1840-65
Business papers of this Albemarle County resident. There appears to be only one reference to slavery, a document in which the births of slaves are recorded. Reference: (Acc. 9946)


439. JUDSON A. LEWIS PAPERS


8 items, 1883-95
Letterbooks and scrapbooks of Judson A. Lewis, U.S. consul to Sierra Leone in West Africa, and a diary kept by his wife which mentions Stanley (William Stanley?). The letterbooks and the diary are filled with commentary about Africans. Reference: (Acc. 7665)


440. PHILIP LIGHTFOOT ACCOUNT BOOKS


6 items, 1781-1872, microfilm (M-25)
Account books of this Port Royal, Caroline County, resident. Three are ledgers, two are daybooks, and one is a slave book for 1850-72, which details names of slaves, clothes allotments, life dates, etc. Reference: (Acc. 5


441. GEORGE LONG COLLECTION


2 items, 1862 and 1868
In an August 27, 1868, letter to George Tutwiler, Long expressed hope that European peasants would emigrate to the United States and eliminate the need for black labor. Reference: (Acc. 1230)


442. LONGDALE IRON CO. PHOTOGRAPHS


3 items, 1889-1914
Photograph of black laborers constructing the Longdale Furnace in Alleghany County in 1889. Reference: (Acc. 9515-a)


[ African-American laborers in Alleghany County, Virginia, 1889.
Longdale Iron Co. Photographs.
]


443. LOUTHAN AND SEAY FAMILY PAPERS


ca. 1,500 items, ca. 1830-60
Mainly legal and business papers of these and other families chiefly from Caroline County. There are infrequent slavery references, such as an 1849 doctor's account which notes a visit to a sick "Negro woman"; a January 1, 1819, receipt for hire of a slave; an 1856-57 journal of John Hackett containing many entries on sales of slaves and expenditures for hiring out slaves; and an 1856 account sheet noting payment for medical treatment of slaves. Reference: (Acc. 1800)


444. LUNENBURG COUNTY DOCUMENT


1 item, 1814
A list of free blacks. Reference: (Acc. 2376)


LYBROOK FAMILY LETTERS


5 items, 1833-43
Letters of Philip and Sally Lybrook of Giles County, to their brother, Henry C. Lybrook, Cassopolis, Cass County, Michigan, regarding sales of slaves and estates, slave children as workers, an 1843 smallpox outbreak, and family news. Reference: (Acc. 11087)


445. LYNCHBURG COMMON COUNCIL LEDGER


2 items, 1787-1838, microfilm (M-567)
The ledger of the Proceedings of the Trustees of the Town of Lynchburg and the ledger of the Proceedings of the Mayor, Aldermen, and Common Council of the Corporation of Lynchburg. A few entries concern slavery, such as the amount of revenue in 1837 attributable to slaves and a series of entries in the Common Council proceedings in 1827-28 about a slave named Joe who was apparently purchased by the corporation and eventually sold to a New Orleans merchant. Reference: (Acc. 4033)


446. WILLIAM GORDON McCABE PAPERS


1,016 items, 1757-1920
Correspondence with prominent scholars, U.S. and British literary figures, and Civil War veterans. Topics include the Civil War, the Confederacy, World War I, and black suffrage. Reference: (Acc. 10568)


447. ALEXANDER MacKAY-SMITH PAPERS


104 items, 1928-58
Included in the papers of this musician are several concert programs. Among them is one for the performance of the Fisk Jubilee Singers, Fisk University, Nashville, Tennessee, May 5, 1925, in Paris, France. The program included "Steal Away," "Go Down Moses," and "Swing Low." Reference: (Acc. 2515-b)


448. MADDEN FAMILY PAPERS


ca. 200 items, ca. 1760-1870, microfilm (M-589)
Correspondence, business papers, legal documents, etc., of a free black family from Culpeper and Rappahanock counties. Included are genealogical data, deeds of land, and correspondence attesting to the character of the Maddens. Reference: (Acc. 4120)


449. MADISON FAMILY DOCUMENT


1 item, December 6, 1848
Sales records from the estate of William Madison containing records of the value of his slaves. Reference: (Acc. 8607-a)


450. JAMES MADISON LETTER


1 item, March 28, 1823
A letter from Madison to Jedidiah Morse answering a series of questions (not included) on slavery. Reference: (Acc. 8347)


451. MALLORY FAMILY PAPERS


ca. 200 items, 1728-1835
A small collection of the business papers of Nathan and John Mallory, small planters, of Orange County. Included are a February 2, 1758, bill of sale for a black woman; a September 1767 letter offering payment of debt in slaves; and a June 16, 1774, letter from Colonel Aylett forbidding the sale of slaves to satisfy estate settlement. Reference: (Acc. 38-140)


452. MANUSCRIPT COLLECTION


10 items, 1824- 1921
Contains, among other diverse documents, an 1824 list of slaves hired out to Urial Hillman of Orange County by George Wallis and an 1851 letter from C. S. Morgan to Duff Green about the purchase of a slave. Reference: (Acc. 8979-s)


453. MANUSCRIPT COLLECTION


3 items, 1827-62
Includes an 1827 will, recorded in 1850, of Francis Harriss of Buckingham County mentioning slaves previously given to heirs. Reference: (Acc. 10644)


454. MANUSCRIPT COLLECTION


31 items, 1853-1927
Contains two Chesterfield County tax receipts, 1853 and 1857, including one for a freedman, and a photograph, ca. 1927, of the gas station and cafe of Mathew Jackson of Disputanta, the first black- owned Greyhound bus stop. Reference: (Acc. 8979-r)


455. MANUSCRIPT COLLECTION


9 items, 1861-63
Letters of seven Union and two Confederate soldiers mentioning Federal occupation of Winchester, the 1862 Chambersburg raid, the 1863 bombardment of Charleston, camp life including picket duty and the guarding of black homes, the duty of men to enlist and save the Union, and the Elmira prison. Reference: (Acc. 10694)


456. MANUSCRIPT COLLECTION


7 items, 1839-1935
Collection relates chiefly to Richmond blacks and includes a minute book for the Clocks Social Club detailing the regular and business meetings of the club and recording dues and attendance. Also included are a list of sewing instructions, a February 1935 letter to the Clocks urging them to buy tickets to hear the Eva Jessye Choir at the Ebenezer Baptist Church, a copy of the Reverend John Jasper's sermon "De sun do move," and a photograph of Jasper. A February 11, 1839, letter from Sarah McPhail of Franklin, Tennessee, to her brother, Thomas Glass of Winchester, gives family and farm news and mentions the loss of a Negro woman. Reference: (Acc. 8979-u)


457. MANUSCRIPT COLLECTION


50 items, 1826-1950
Collection includes miscellaneous letters, University of Virginia student notebooks of Archer and Joseph R. J. Anderson, account books and ledgers from various Virginia businesses, a genealogical record of the Withrow family of Rockbridge County, and 1875-76 letters from Mrs. J. H. Fultz to Washington May about money for Leanna, a freedwoman, and her child. Reference: (Acc. 8850)


458. MANUSCRIPT COLLECTION


2 items, ca. 1812
Collection includes two sets of depositions taken in Botetourt County for the Superior Court of Chancery, Lewisburg, Greenbrier County, concerning the sale by John B. Douglas of a slave, Sucky, to Elisha Williams. Reference: (Acc. 8977-aa)


459. MANUSCRIPT COLLECTION


5 items, 1856-82
Included is a letter from John Francis Heath, Petersburg, December 19, 1856, discussing a slave, William. Reference: (Acc. 10590)


460. HENRY MARSHALL DIARY


1 item, 1824
Diary written on a walking trip from Philadelphia, to his home in Society Hill, South Carolina. Marshall made a few observations on blacks, such as an entry on November 1, 1824, in which he compared the differences between blacks on either side of the Blue Ridge; he believed those blacks on the eastern side were more deferential. On November 7, 1824, he wrote of slaves near the Dan River who he believed "do as they please." Reference: (Acc. 9655-a)


461. CAPTAIN JOHN MARSHALL JOURNAL


2 items, 1856-57, microfilm (M-192)
Farm journals of 1856-57 kept by Captain Marshall at the Hermitage in Prince Edward County, with frequent references to slaves and slave problems. The March 16 entry notes that his slaves disciplined a hired slave from another plantation by whipping him. Reference: (Acc. 2425)


462. JOHN H. MARTIN PAPERS


ca. 50 items, 1842-98
Mainly business papers and ledgers of this Caroline County resident. Included in a ledger is a page entitled "Ages of Negro Children." Reference: (Acc. 4224)


463. MARX FAMILY PAPERS


8 items, 1828-76
Business ledgers of this family of Richmond and Falls Plantation in Chesterfield County. Two of the ledgers have occasional entries on sales and hiring of slaves. Reference: (Acc. 1213)


464. MASON FAMILY PAPERS


73 items, 1776-1899
A small collection of business and legal papers of this Sussex County family. Documents pertaining to slavery, i.e., sales, tax lists, etc., are included. Reference: (Acc. 1228)


465. COTTON MATHER PAPERS


1 item, 1704
List of marriages including blacks performed by this Massachusetts minister. Reference: (McGregor Library Acc. 4860)


466. MATHEWS-DUNDORE PAPERS


3 items, [April] 16, 1856
A letter of William Mathews, Charlottesville, to "Grand Pa" in which he wrote of a slave, Maria, who was in jail where she had been beaten repeatedly and had a chain around her neck. Reference: (Acc. 10274)


467. RICHARD SNOW MAUPIN PAPERS


60 items, 1816-57
The papers of this Rockingham County physician contain receipts, accounts, a slave bill of sale, a bond, and two physician's licenses issued to Dr. Maupin. Reference: (Acc. 10737)


468. SOCRATES MAUPIN PAPERS


ca. 200 items, ca. 1830-50
Correspondence between Maupin in Richmond and his brother in Charlottesville. There is a good deal of material on domestic slaves. A May 31, 1847, letter states that flogging a slave might bring him in line and describes him as a "true Negro" because he was always doing "poorly"; one of December 21, 1847, offers a personal servant for sale or for hire; one of June 27, 1849, discusses a black man's attack of cholera; one of December 23, 1849, discusses selling a slave, Garland, whom Maupin had trouble handling; and another of December 28, 1849, raises the possibility of turning Garland over to an "agent" to "handle"; and a November 30, 1856, letter describes smallpox in Richmond mainly in the black population. Reference: (Acc. 2769-a)


469. MAURY FAMILY PAPERS


ca. 600 items, ca. 1770-1915
Private and business correspondence of this Albemarle County family, mainly of James Maury. The correspondence is predominantly about business, but the letters of Matthew Maury to his brother James do > contain much family material and consequently information on family slaves such as a December 1797 letter telling James of the selling of an estate and the disposition of the slaves. Reference: (Acc. 3888)


470. ANN FONTAINE MAURY DIARY


1 item, 1827-32
A diary containing references to the debates on slavery in the Virginia General Assembly. Reference: (Acc. 949)


471. McCUE FAMILY PAPERS


ca. 5,000 items, 1777-1920
Correspondence, legal and business papers, accounts, and Confederate army quartermaster records from the personal papers of the Reverend John McCue of Augusta County, Judge John Howard McCue of Nelson County, and William T. McCue of Staunton. Among the papers are the policies and rates of the Lynchburg Hose and Fire Insurance Company, which include rates for insuring slaves. Reference: (Acc. 4406)


472. McDOWELL FAMILY PAPERS


ca. 600 items, 1792-1852
Largely the papers of Colonel James McDowell of Rockbridge County. These are mainly political in nature, but there are references to slavery, such as a letter from Preston to James McDowell discussing the possibility of selling his slaves and undated lists enumerating prices of slaves. There are many examples of hiring out slaves, e.g., two in 1808. Reference: (Acc. 1707)


473. McGAHEY FAMILY PAPERS


ca. 60 items, 1759-1892, microfilm (M-649)
Business, personal papers, and account books of this Rockingham County family. A genealogy of this family contains slave births and death dates. Reference: (Acc. 4543)


474. DORSEY McPHERSON PAPERS


ca. 400 items, ca. 1865-1935
Collection consists mainly of letters from this army surgeon while on duty in the American Southwest, 1878-80. He vividly described attempts to capture renegade Apaches under the leadership of Victoria. One of the units pursuing Victoria was the North Cavalry, a black troop, which McPherson mentioned in letters of May 25 and October 8, 1879, and March 13, 1880. Reference: (Acc. 6144)


475. MEADE FAMILY PAPERS


28 items, ca. 1775-1850
Primarily consists of family correspondence of Richard Everard Meade, originally of Amelia County. Scattered references to slavery include a November 12, 1824, letter from Hadijah Meade to R. L. Meade cautioning him that buying slaves might not be a worthwhile venture because they were "lazy and vicious." Reference: (Acc. 10126-a, -b)


476. MEADE-FUNSTEN PAPERS


ca. 400 items, 1792-1906
Correspondence and business letters of these Clarke County families. An 1852 letter describes a medical exam of a slave, and a legal deposition deals with a slave woman and child. Reference: (Acc. 3039)


477. MEIKLEHAM FAMILY PAPERS


ca. 100 items, ca. 1790-1915
Personal papers of David Scott Meikleham and his wife Septimia Randolph Meikleham. A letter from P. Turnbull in Havana discusses the stories about the shipwreck of the slave ship Aquila in Havana. Reference: (Acc. 6065)


478. SEPTIMIA RANDOLPH MEIKLEHAM PAPERS


ca. 60 items, ca. 1700-1870
Personal and family letters of a granddaughter of Thomas Jefferson. Included is an 1821 Monticello slave bread list in Jefferson's hand and a letter from a slave, John Hemmings, to Septimia, August 28, 1825. Reference: (Acc. 4726-a)


479. CALLOHILL MENNIS PAPERS


ca. 550 items, ca. 1765-1850
Business, personal, and legal papers of this Bedford County lawyer. A letter of January 17, 1820, from John Mays to Mennis asks about two runaway slaves; a March 1827 letter from Thomas Preston concerns the purchase of a slave whose leg had been withered by disease; and various other letters and legal memoranda discuss hiring out and other slavery activities. Reference: (Acc. 1993)


480. LOUISA H. A. MINOR DIARY


1 item, September 1, 1855-December 29, 1865
Personal diary of this woman who lived at "Pant-Ops" in Albemarle County. Of special interest are comments about freed slaves emigrating to Liberia in December 1856, talk of insurrection among the slaves in the same month, and general disparaging comments about freed slaves in December 1865. Reference: (Acc. 10685)


481. MINOR FAMILY PAPERS


ca. 6,000 items, 1764-1936
Mainly business, legal, and educational papers of John B. Minor, a University of Virginia law professor, and the Minor family of Albemarle County. There appears to be very little material relating to slavery; however, a letter to Minor in 1860 refers to the American Colonization Society. Reference: (Acc. 38-602)


481a. MINOR FAMILY PAPERS


26 items, 1857-65
Letters from former slaves of the Minor family of Albemarle County written from Liberia. The slaves were freed under the terms of the will of their owner, Dr. James Hunter Terrell, and were transported to Africa through the offices of the American Colonization Society. Reference: (Acc. 10460)


482. MINOR FAMILY PAPERS


ca. 200 items, 1838-1944
Business and personal papers of Launcelot Minor and his family of Pedlar Mills, Amherst County. An 1838-87 farm ledger has information on slaves, especially birth dates, and on sharecropping by freedmen after the war. Bible records note slave births and deaths, and there is a daguerreotype of a female slave. Reference: (Acc. 6055)


[ Unknown female slave of the Minor family of Amherst County, Virginia.
Minor Family Papers.
]


484. MINOR FAMILY PAPERS


ca. 50 items, ca. 1830-1910
Personal correspondence of this family of Edgewood in Albemarle County. A statement by Bishop William Meade attests to the fact that his wife before her death wished part of her estate to be used for "The Welfare of The African race" and a November 22, 1884, letter from C. L. C. Minor at Winchester comments on the trial of two blacks for killing a white man and the mood of the community for a lynching if the verdict was not death. Reference: (Acc. 6907)


485. MISSISSIPPI SLAVE TRADE DOCUMENT


1 item, ca. 1837
Unidentified fragment which discusses Mississippi and the regulation of the slave trade. Reference: (Acc. 3226)


486. MITCHELL-GARNETT LEDGERS


20 items, 1821-63
Account books, ledgers, journals, and daybooks from the plantations of James Mercer Garnett, Muscoe Russell Hunter Garnett, and Robert Mercer Taliaferro Hunter. Interwoven in all of these records are slave accounts. Reference: (Acc. 38-45)


487. HOPIE WRIGHT MOATS PAPERS


ca. 140 items, 1889-1915
Personal correspondence of a black family living in Highland County. Reference: (Acc. 5113)


488. JAMES MONROE COLLECTION


ca. 500 items, 1783-1830
Included are letters in which Monroe discussed slavery and the buying and selling of slaves, such as an April 7, 1788, letter on the sale of a slave; a February 25, 1817, letter to William Noland on the alleged mistreatment of one of his slaves; an August 12, 1822, letter to his overseer on the health of a slave; a June 6, 1830, letter to [Egbert Watson] on the possibility of selling some of his slaves; and a letter of July 5, 1830, to Watson again discussing the sale of a slave, Nancy.

489. MORTON FAMILY PAPERS


ca. 6,000 items, ca. 1725-1975
Correspondence, financial and legal papers, account books, and miscellaneous papers of this family of Orange County. There is a considerable amount of material on slavery including hiring out of slaves, slave trade, and medical attention. A May 17, 1845, letter was written by Lewis Tappan on behalf of an ex-slave who needed his "free papers." Reference: (Acc. 9755-a)


490. MORTON-HALSEY FAMILY PAPERS


ca. 10,000 items, ca. 1840-80
Correspondence and other papers of Colonel Jeremiah Morton, Jackson Morton, and Joseph J. Halsey of Culpeper County. Included is material on Colonel Morton's participation in a slave trade centered in Virginia and Mobile, Alabama. Morton's personal account book for 1836-47 and an 1861 slave account book reflect this interest. There is also correspondence to Halsey from Northern family and friends commenting on their reaction to slavery. Reference: (Acc. 3995)


491. JOHN SINGLETON MOSBY SCRAPBOOKS


6 items, 1869-1915
These scrapbooks, compiled by Mosby and his daughter, Mary Virginia Mosby Campbell, contain newspaper articles relating to Mosby's life and career as well as miscellaneous poetry, correspondence, photographs, and memorabilia. Topics include Mosby's Civil War slave, Aaron Burton. Reference: (Acc. 7872-a)


492. MOUNT EDD BAPTIST CHURCH REGISTER


1 item, 1823-44
The minute book of this Batesville church contains lists of names of black church members. Reference: (Acc. 3673)


493. NANSEMOND COUNTY COLLECTION


31 items, n.d., microfilm (M-517)
Included is a five-page typescript article, "The Negro in Nansemond County" by W. E. MacClenny.

494. "THE NEGRO AND CONFEDERATE MORALE"


1 item, 1951
Typescript master's thesis by Carl I. Olson, University of Mississippi, 1951. Reference: (Acc. 5820)


495. NELSON COUNTY BUSINESS LEDGERS


85 items, 1812-1928
Account books, daybooks, journals, and ledgers of Nelson County businesses owned and/or operated by William Faber, Hudson Martin, T. W. Martin, Martin Thurmond, etc. A "Negro Book," 1858-62, details general store and work transactions with area slaves. Reference: (Acc. 5640)


496. NELSON FAMILY PAPERS


57 items, 1848-94
The papers consist chiefly of thirty-five letters, 1856-61, from Thomas Frederick Nelson to his parents, Robert Carter Burwell Nelson and Susan Price Nelson, about life at the school run by his great-aunts at their Clarke County home, Rosney. The collection contains the 1855 will of John M. Price of Fincastle mentioning slaves. Reference: (Acc. 10605)


497. NELSON AND KINLOCH FAMILY PAPERS


20 items, 1779-1836
Legal and business papers of Hugh Nelson of Belvoir, Albemarle County, dealing primarily with the estate of his father-in-law, Francis Kinloch. Included are various legal documents and papers on transfers, prices, and the inheritance of slaves. Reference: (Acc. 2841)


498. NELSON AND PAGE FAMILY PAPERS


ca. 2,400 items, ca. 1750-1910
Business, legal, and personal correspondence of these families of Richmond and Yorktown. Included is a July 9, 1809, letter from Thomas Nelson to Francis Page asking him to be on the lookout for his runaway slave, Bristol, and a receipt signed by Sarah Chisholm for money received for midwifery services performed for a slave of Francis Page, October 20, 1811. Reference: (Acc. 9014)


499. GEORGE NEVILLE COLLECTION


8 items, 1834-63
Primarily the Civil War letters of this James City County resident. An 1834 marriage indenture conveys the dower right to eight slaves. Reference: (Acc. 1291)


500. WILSON CARY NICHOLAS PAPERS


ca. 3,000 items, 1751-1850
Business and personal papers of this governor of Virginia concentrating in the years of the War of 1812. There is a slave Tax Book of 1815, and the abundant personal letters no doubt contain material on blacks. Reference: (Acc. 2343)


501. WILSON CARY NICHOLAS PAPERS


ca. 1,150 items, ca. 1725-1830
Mostly personal correspondence of the Randolph family of Edgehill and of Nicholas. The documents concerning slavery include a June 1802-June 1803 list of the sale of slaves; a December 21, 1808, letter of Peggy Nicholas to Wilson Cary Nicholas about a massacre plotted by slaves; and several undated items: a note by Nicholas about slaves and land, a note on the sale of Edmund Randolph's slaves, and a petition for educating slaves before freeing them. Reference: (Acc. 5533)


502. LAWRENCE O'BRYAN BRANCH PAPERS


ca. 650 items, ca. 1840-80, microfilm (M-2296)
Personal, political, and military correspondence of this North Carolina citizen. The correspondence between Branch and his wife contains some comment on family slaves. A March 8, 1862, letter from J. Robert Jeffreys in Pacific, North Carolina, answering a request from Branch, replies that Jeffreys "drafted" fifty-six free blacks and sent them to the chief engineer at New Bern, North Carolina. Reference: (Acc. 10057)


503. SILAS AND R. H. OMOHUNDRO BUSINESS LEDGER


1 item, 1857-63
The volume contains names, prices, purchasers, and profits of slaves sold by this firm. Reference: (Acc. 4122)


504. THE BRIG OTHELLO ACCOUNT BOOK


6 items, 1772-97
Entries in September and March 1772 record paying "blacks" for burying a sailor and for bringing back a "runaway" sailor. Reference: (Acc. 9183)


505. OVERTON FAMILY PAPERS


ca. 7,000 items, ca. 1740-1935
Legal, business, and personal papers of this family of Prospect Hill, Louisa County. The early plantation records contain slavery material, such as a July 1835 sale of a slave, Katy, to Mr. Overton and an 1837 deed of sale of a slave to William Overton. Reference: (Acc. 8929)


506. THOMAS NELSON PAGE DOCUMENT


1 item, 1853-1922
Printing block belonging to this American novelist and diplomat. The block contains a photoengraving of an old black man and a relief metal engraving of the manuscript of the first page of Page's story Marse Chan. Reference: (Acc. 9109)


507. PAGE-WALKER FAMILY PAPERS


ca. 300 items, 1742-1886
This collection consists of the papers of these families of Castle Hill and Keswick in Albemarle County. Among the items are bills of sale for slaves in 1785 and 1786, an 1803 rental of a slave wagon driver, and a 1868 letter from a former slave. Reference: (Acc. 3098)


508. GEORGE W. PALMORE PAPERS


ca. 1,500 items, 1858-96
Business and legal papers of this Cumberland County businessman. Included are registration lists for black voters of Madison Township in Farmville. Reference: (Acc. 38-55)


509. JOSEPH PALMORE PAPERS


ca. 1,000 items, 1781-1883
Interspersed throughout this collection of a Cumberland County farmer are documents and letters relating to slavery, such as an 1830 deed of sale for a slave. In the 1830s there are a few notes promising payment for the hiring out of slaves, and there are letters to Joseph Palmore from his brother in Mississippi mentioning the selling and trading of slaves. Reference: (Acc. 38-149)


510. SAMUEL PANNILL PAPERS


765 items, 1847-1938
Letters, indentures, accounts, receipts, promissory notes, and tax receipts of this Pittsylvania County plantation owner. Many concern tobacco, grist mill accounts, railroad shipments, and the hiring of laborers. Of interest are 1858 and 1862 accounts for medical treatment of slaves, receipts for slaves impressed to work on Confederate fortifications, an 1867 list of wages paid to sharecroppers, and a Freedman's Bureau apprenticeship indenture. Reference: (Acc. 10721)


511. THEODORE PARKER COLLECTION


4 items, 1835-55
A manuscript by this noted American antislavery clergyman entitled "Aspect of the Slave Power in America in the Beginning of 1854." Also included is a draft of a letter to the pope appealing for support against slave owners. Reference: (Barrett Library Acc. 8119)


512. STEPHEN D. PARRISH PAPERS


ca. 1,000 items, 1857-1941
Papers of this Richmond, Kentucky, attorney. Included is correspondence with several socialist and religious organizations, among them the United Colored Socialists of America. There is also correspondence in 1902 from Milo Shanks, Senator J. C. S. Blackburn, and Congressman G. C. Gilbert about Theodore Roosevelt's dinner invitation to Booker T. Washington. Reference: (Acc. 4227)


513. SARAH P. PATTERSON PAPERS


ca. 30 items, 1930-50
Business, educational, and religious records of this black teacher in Buckingham County, consisting mainly of school papers of a one-room black school in Buckingham and records of black churches in Buckingham County. Reference: (Acc. 10154)


514. PAYNE FAMILY PAPERS


ca. 60 items, 1849-62
Personal correspondence of Bettie V. Jones Payne and William J. Payne of Fluvanna County. A November 23, 1853, letter from James M. Payne in Arkansas to his brother William mentions that he had recently purchased a woman as a slave but she had run away the next day. Reference: (Acc. 10530)


515. WILLIAM PENDLETON LETTERS


3 items, 1849-53
Letters to William Pendleton of Louisa County. A May 5, 1849, letter from W. Barret of Richmond discusses the health of slaves. Reference: (Acc. 9096)


516. PERRY FAMILY PAPERS


ca. 850 items, ca. 1830-1915
Consists primarily of the legal, financial, and medical records of W. H. Perry of Lunenberg County. There is a large number of medical receipts dated 1834, many containing entries on treatment of slaves. Reference: (Acc. 9960)


517. PERRY, MARTIN, AND McCUE FAMILY PAPERS


ca. 625 items, ca. 1805-1930
Business and personal papers of these related northern Virginia families. There are infrequent references to slavery, such as a December 29, 1856, letter from Lexington mentioning a good deal of "excitement about some fears lest there should be a Negro riot." A July 17, 1864, letter from a Confederate soldier requests that his uncle trade a slave for a good horse for him. Reference: (Acc. 6806-b)


518. PERSONAL ACCOUNT BOOK


1 item, 1755-56
Very small personal account book of an unknown man. Included are two memoranda discussing the disposition of slaves among family members. Reference: (Acc. 1613)


519. PETER FAMILY PAPERS


ca. 2,000 items, ca. 1700-1900
Business, legal, and personal papers of this family of Georgetown, D.C., and of Frederick and Montgomery counties, Maryland. The frequent references to slavery include a series of letters in 1836-45 mentioning the buying and selling of slaves in Georgetown; an 1850 letter from John Denning to L. W. Candler discussing the current market in slaves; and an undated letter from John Candler to George Peter about seventy-five runaway slaves from Charles County heading through Rockville County to Pennsylvania. Reference: (Acc. 7605-a)


520. PETERSBURG ACCOUNT BOOKS


18 items, ca. 1795-1900
Account books from various Petersburg businesses and merchants. The 1836-39 daybooks and ledgers of the Blandford Mill Company include records of wages paid to hired hands and entries such as "Negro Expenses." Reference: (Acc. 2135)


521. JOHN W. PEYTON PAPERS


51 items, 1862-1913, microfilm (M-687)
This small collection of a Rapidan citizen includes a diary with occasional mention of runaway slaves during the Civil War and incidents of Federal troops taking slaves on raids. Reference: (Acc. 4944)


521a. PHOTOGRAPH


1 item, ca. late 1862
Photograph of post office building at Surry Court House, showing a group of men including two Union cavalrymen and an unidentified black man; identified persons are Dr. Corbell and his partner, Peyton A. Cocke. Reference: (Acc. 11077)


522. GEORGE PICKETT LETTER


3 items, 1790-1829, photocopies
A 1797 document (original held by donor) authorizes the sale of some of the slaves of George Pickett. Reference: (Acc. 8845)


523. PITTSYLVANIA COUNTY RESOLUTION


1 item, 1861
Apparently adopted at a public meeting, this resolution calls for Virginia to retaliate by any means against states who refuse to cooperate with the Fugitive Slave Law. Reference: (Acc. 6458)


524. JAMES PLEASANTS LETTER


1 item, January 25, 1825
A letter from this Virginia governor to Littleton W. Tazewell giving his feelings on the slavery question. Pleasants contended that the problem would be comparatively small, "if the unfortunate beings were white." Reference: (Acc. 10063)


525. POCKET PLANTATION PAPERS


ca. 3,000 items, ca. 1740-1880
The business and personal papers of the Pittsylvania County plantation families Smith and Clement. These records are filled with references to slavery, including items such as account books and slave records of the Smith family and slave account books and a medical record book of the Clement family. (McGregor Library Acc. 2027)

526. WILLIAM POLLARD DOCUMENT


1 item, August 29, 1797
Legal document signed by David Bullock of Hanover Court House empowering him to purchase and sell slaves to settle estate claims and detailing the individual slaves sold. Reference: (Acc. 8875)


527. JOHN POWELL PAPERS


ca. 30,000 items, ca. 1885-1965
Personal correspondence, pamphlets, and miscellaneous material of John Powell, noted composer from Richmond. One box of material covers Powell's association with the Anglo-Saxon Clubs, an organization dedicated to belief in the racial superiority of the white race over the black race. Reference: (Acc. 7284)


528. PRESTON-DAVIS FAMILY PAPERS


ca. 6,000 items, ca. 1840-1900
Personal and business correspondence of these Albemarle County families. Included are January 26, 1854, and July 8, 1859, letters about the religious instruction of slaves. Reference: (Acc. 4951)


529. PUBLIC HEALTH POSTERS


6 items, ca. 1940
Used in antisyphilis program for blacks. Reference: (Acc. 851)


530. JOHN ANTHONY QUITMAN PAPERS


80 items, 1798-1858
Personal and business papers of Major General Quitman. An 1855 letter refers to efforts to keep slaves safe in Texas. Reference: (Acc. 38-343)


531. RACE RELATIONS SCRAPBOOK


1 item, 1942-57
A scrapbook mainly of clippings from the Chicago Tribune kept by Monroe F. Cockrell. Reference: (Acc. 5276-a)


532. RAINEY FAMILY PAPERS


4 items, 1836-54
Letters of this Boydton family. One letter concerns the sale of a slave in 1836, and another refers to the whipping of a slave. Reference: (Acc. 2734)


533. RANDALL FAMILY PAPERS


98 items, ca. 1830-70
Letters of Burton Randall, an army surgeon from Annapolis, Maryland, who was stationed in the West and Southwest. They contain references to slaves and slavery, such as an 1827 letter from Randall to Alexander Randall asking him to procure slaves from markets on the Eastern Shore. Reference: (Acc. 9564)


534. RANDOLPH FAMILY PAPERS


ca. 6,000 items, ca. 1760-1930
Personal correspondence and business papers of the Randolph, Page, and Taylor families of Albemarle County (descendants of Thomas Jefferson), including many of the papers of Thomas Jefferson Randolph. There are many references to slaves and their treatment, e.g., a January 11, 1827, letter from P. H. Leuba to [Thomas Jefferson Randolph] mentioning that the slave named Jeanette he recently bought from Randolph had been severely burned by Randolph's overseer and thrown into a fire twice and that he could not return her because she feared for her life but that he believed her value was much less than the sale price; an account of the sales of Thomas Jefferson's slaves in 1829; and a list of slaves, possibly belonging to Thomas Jefferson Randolph. Reference: (Acc. 8937, etc.)


535. RANDOLPH FAMILY PAPERS


ca. 35 items, ca. 1820-80
Included in this small Randolph collection is a manuscript written by John F. Watson in 1818 entitled a "Scheme for Colonizing the Island of St. Domingo with American Blacks" and a death notice of an Edgehill slave dated October 30, 1822. Reference: (Acc. 5385-f)


536. JOHN RANDOLPH OF ROANOKE LETTER


1 item, June 11, 1821
Written to Walter Coles discussing his refusal to sell one of his slaves. Reference: (Acc. 5076)


536. RICHARD RANDOLPH'S WILL


1 item, February 18, 1796
A copy of the last will of Richard Randolph of Bizarre in Cumberland County wherein he explained why he was emancipating his slaves and declared his opposition to slavery. Reference: (Acc. 3882)


538. RANDOLPH-MACON COLLEGE NOTEBOOKS


2 items, 1855
One volume contains notes by Joseph Walker on Dr. Smith's proslavery lectures. Reference: (Acc. 5042-a)


539. JOHN RANSDELL DIARY AND COMMONPLACE BOOK


1 item, 1840-65
Diary and commonplace book kept in Louisiana. There are very few references to blacks except for a couple of pages about the disruption of the slaves when the Federal troops arrived. Reference: (Acc. 2607)


540. "RECOLLECTIONS OF PIEDMONT"


1 item, ca. 1940
A typescript copy of Jane Maury Maverick's remembrances of Piedmont, the Albemarle County home of the Maurys. She wrote of moving to the University of Virginia after the Civil War because of fear of "roving negroes." Reference: (Acc. 2129)


541. WILLIAM HENRY REDMAN PAPERS


880 items, ca. 1860-1900
Civil War letters of a Union soldier from Illinois. Included are comments on blacks, such as a May 8, 1864, letter telling of burning and sacking plantations in Louisiana and how many slaves followed the Union troops. A November 5, 1865, letter expresses Redman's violent opposition to suffrage for blacks. Reference: (Acc. 7415; -a)


542. REGISTER OF FREE BLACKS, WASHINGTON COUNTY


1 item, 1838-63
Includes descriptions of 144 free blacks including age, physical appearance, occupation, and manner in which freedom was obtained. Reference: (Acc. 41-a)


[Pages from a Register of Free Blacks, Washington County, Virginia, 1838-63. ]


542a. REID PAPERS


ca. 3300 items, 1767-1918
A miscellaneous collection of documents pertaining to the history of southside Virginia. Included are two volumes (1790-1814, 1814-1832) of the Church minutes of the County Line Baptist Church in Pittsylvania County which include information on black members. These minute books are available only on microfilm (M-618). Also included are miscellaneous documents, such as bills of sale, authorization to form a company of "Patrollers" (1806), rental agreements, wills, runway notices, etc., pertaining to the history of slavery. Reference: (Acc. 550)


543. REPUBLICAN PARTY (CHARLOTTESVILLE) PAPERS


3 items, 1900- 1922
Correspondence of the Charlottesville Republican party. Included are a list of the "colored" vote in 1900 and a 1911 form letter urging the recipient to help in the voter registration drive, signed by R. M. Flanagan. Reference: (Acc. 9077)


544. DAVID RICHARDSON PAPERS


408 items, 1792-1839
Miscellaneous papers of this Louisa County resident. Included are a 1792 document emancipating some slaves and an 1839 warrant for the arrest of David Richardson and his slave Warner for allowing a slave to be at large contrary to law. Reference: (Acc. 5616)


545. RICHMOND POLICE DAYBOOK


1 item, 1834-43
Contains entries on runaway slaves, etc. All entries differentiate subjects by race. Reference: (Acc. 1481)


546. RIDDICK FAMILY PAPERS


ca. 70 items, 1739-1890
Mainly legal papers of this Nansemond County family. Included is a copy of an 1820 document exempting the Riddick estate from taxation on two slaves. Reference: (Acc. 2227)


547. WILLIAM CABELL RIVES PAPERS


55 items, 1860-82
Papers of this Albemarle County and Boston, Massachusetts, lawyer. Chiefly letters from J. D. Osbourne, Paris; John C. Rutherfoord, Rock Castle; and Charles Morris, Hanover. Topics include the Civil War, Reconstruction, sharecropping, and the education of freedmen. Reference: (Acc. 10596-a)


548. RIVES FAMILY PAPERS


ca. 100 items, 1832-82
Personal and business papers of this family of Albemarle County, chiefly of Robert Rives, Jr., of Oakland near Warren. A February 23, 1850, letter from P. Rives to her brother Robert discusses the sale of slaves. Also, a January 18, 1850, letter from R. Pollard to Robert Rives mentions that male slaves were selling in Georgia and Florida at $1,000 to $1,200. Reference: (Acc. 4289)


549. RIVES FAMILY PAPERS


5 items, ca. 1830-60
Included in this small collection is a May 29, 1838, letter from R. Pollard to Robert Rives of Nelson County complaining that the slaves on Pollard's plantation were mistreating his children in his absence and asking Rives to look into it. Reference: (Acc. 6094)


550. RIVES FAMILY PAPERS


ca. 130 items, ca. 1832-82
Chiefly correspondence among members of the Rives family of Castle Hill, Cobham. Judith Page Walker Rives's letters discuss news of her family and friends and, during 1865-67, express her opinions concerning the effects of the Civil War on blacks. On November 6, 1865, she mentioned a "free negro settlement" in Cobham to whom Dr. Eastham had offered work. On January 15, 1866, she wrote of the conditions and work relationships with blacks after the war. And, in her letters of March 9 and 19 and June 15, 1867, she expressed her displeasure that blacks had received the right to vote while her husband and son, Alfred Landon, had been disfranchised. Reference: (Acc. 10596-c)


551. RIVES, SEARS, AND RHINELANDER FAMILY PAPERS


278 items, 1829-1953
Correspondence, business and legal papers, genealogical papers, diary, photographs, clippings, and memorabilia of the Rives family, especially William Cabell Rives, Sr., Judith Page Walker Rives, William Cabell Rives, Jr., Grace Winthrop Sears Rives, and William Cabell Rives III. An 1845 letter describes a plantation on a Louisiana bayou and a slave-pulled towboat. Reference: (Acc. 10596)


552. MANGUS ROBINSON PAPERS


11 items, 1894-99
A small collection of the personal and business correspondence of this editor of a black newspaper, the Alexandria Leader. Reference: (Acc. 1499)


553. THOMAS ROBINSON DOCUMENT


1 item, July 2, 1850
A list of Robinson's slaves sold by his estate in [Orange County]. Reference: (Acc. 6008)


554. JOHN CARR ROGERS PAPERS


2 items, 1971-72
In a June 9, 1972, letter Murrell Edmunds discussed his novel Behold, Thy Brother, about the coming of blacks to the major leagues, and commented on Mark Twain's Letters from the Earth, which Edmunds was sending to Rogers. Reference: (Acc. 6803-p)


555. RORER FAMILY PAPERS


ca. 500 items, ca. 1770-1935, microfilm (M-1385)
Business, legal, and personal papers of this family of Pittsylvania County. A diary entry for February 24, 1848, mentions that a slave named Margaret murdered a white female baby of the family of John Jones and Angeline Rorer Jones in Wentworth, North Carolina. In a journal is a "Register of Blacks, 1835-1865" with birth dates and mothers' names of family slaves. Reference: (Acc. 7901)


556. RUST FAMILY PAPERS


ca. 1,500 items, ca. 1820-95
Business and legal papers of this family of Loudoun County and Baltimore, Maryland, mainly those of Armistead Thomson Mason Rust and George T. Rust. A series of 1848-57 documents detail a number of slave purchases by George Rust and the hiring of slaves by A. T. M. Rust. Reference: (Acc. 9706)


557. SABINE HALL PAPERS


ca. 500 items, 1659-1780
Business, legal, and personal papers of Landon Carter of Sabine Hall, Richmond County. Two of the personal letters mention slaves: a January 1, 1764, letter from Landon Carter, Jr., to Landon Carter mentioning a runaway slave and a 1770 letter from Charles Carter to Landon Carter complaining of runaways. A published guide is available: Walter Ray Wineman, The Landon Carter Papers in the University of Virginia Library (Charlottesville: University of Virginia Press, 1962). Reference: (Acc. 1959)


558. ROBERT ADDISON SCHOOLFIELD PAPERS


ca. 700 items, 1855-1973
Business correspondence and writings of one of the founders of the Riverside and Dan River Cotton Mills of Danville. In one of his manuscript histories of Dan River Mills, Schoolfield wrote of the riot of 1883 in Danville and the importing of North Carolina labor to "break negro rule." Reference: (Acc. 10325)


558a. GEORGE SAMUEL SCHUYLER COLLECTION


3 items, ca. 1932, 1934, ca. 1966
Manuscript by African-American writer and journalist George Samuel Schuyler (1895-1977), on Dr. Robert Weaver (b. 1907) and the creation of the Department of Housing and Urban Development. Weaver was the first black to serve in the cabinet of a US president. Also present is a small memorandum book, 1932, containing Schuyler's notes on cannibalism and lycanthropy, "When Man Eats Man," and a blank memorandum book "Plots / Articles, Sketches," 1934. Reference: (Barrett Library Acc. 11071)


558b. "SECRET TWELVE CLUB" Ledger


1 item, 1935, 1949-55
Ledger of The Secret Twelve Club, an all male African-American social club in Charlottesville. Most entries were made between January 10, 1950, and February 22, 1955, and consist of minutes, membership lists, dues and assessments, "Rules and Regulations," initiation rituals, and donations of funds to various individuals and organizations such as the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP). Reference: (Acc. 11089)


559. SEWARD FAMILY PAPERS


ca. 300 items, 1857-88
Business and personal papers of William Seward of Isle of Wight County. The Seward farm journal, 1857-88, includes vital statistics for slaves. Reference: (Acc. 38-60)


560. DAVID SHAVER COLLECTION


1 item, ca. 1831
Memorial to the city of Lynchburg protesting the suppression of the African Baptist Church following the Nat Turner revolt. Reference: (Acc. 1122)


561. SHEPHERD FAMILY PAPERS


ca. 2,000 items, 1817-83
Business and personal papers of this Fluvanna County family. Some interesting letters of 1870-71 concern the hiring out of black people in Fluvanna County to work in the sugar refineries in Louisiana. Reference: (Acc. 4241)


561a. SHEPERDSTOWN COLLECTION


ca. 1500 items, 1748-1880
Collections from the Sheperdstown, Virginia (now West Virginia), and northern Shenandoah Valley area including sermons, ledgers, correspondence, receipts, and diaries of James Markell, merchant and slave trader, and John Hargrave, Presbyterian circuit rider, and various medical records of Dr. John Briscoe and Dr. John Quigley. Reference: (Acc. 11104)


562. FRANCIS TROWBRIDGE SHERMAN PAPERS


1 item, microfilm, 1863-65
Diaries of this Union Army officer, 88th Illinois Cavalry, which give brief accounts of his participation in the Chattanooga, Atlanta, Shenandoah Valley, and Appomattox campaigns. He discussed camp life, prison conditions, rumors of the death of General Grant, and Confederate desertions and gave an account of several days spent in Charlottesville during which it was rumored that blacks were plundering the town with the encouragement of the townspeople. Reference: (Acc. 10735)


563. JERRY SHOWALTER COLLECTION


4 items, 1900-1912
Photographs of Westcairns, Albemarle County. Westcairns on Ivy Road was for many years the McElroy residence; it is now the site of the Children's Rehabilitation Center. Photographs show both its construction and interior and exterior views of the completed house. An inscription on one indicates the house was "built by H B Boone and Kenneth Brown with negro 'hands' ranging from $2 a day to 25 cents. Average $1 or less. R E Shaw architect." Reference: (Acc. 9732-g)


564. PHILIP SLAUGHTER DIARY


6 items, 1796-1878, microfilm (M-1934 vols. 1-3)
A diary kept by this Culpeper County farmer contains many entries on slaves, including information on slave births and deaths. Reference: (Acc. 6556)


565. SLAVE ACCOUNT LEDGER


1 item, 1817-27
Accounts of expenditures for slaves, 1817-27, perhaps contemporary copies from an old ledger. The origin of the ledger is unknown. Reference: (Acc. 38-692)


566. SLAVE BILL OF SALE


1 item, January 25, 1845
Bill of sale by Joseph Dinwiddie for the sale of a female slave, Sarah, to William Dinwiddie for $700. Reference: (Acc. 3194-h)


567. SLAVE BILL OF SALE


1 item, January 4, 1811
Bill of sale for a slave named Moses sold by William Morton of Louisa County to George Adams of Louisa County. Reference: (Acc. 6159)


568. SLAVE DOCUMENTS


24 items, 1796, microfilm (M-1207)
These items are copies of material in Hampton University. They consist mainly of individual unrelated documents such as bills of sale, inventories, and manumission papers. Reference: (Acc. 6428)


569. SLAVE DOCUMENTS


3 items, 1787-1827
Three miscellaneous documents, two of them slave bills of sale: one from Wickes County, Georgia, 1820, and the other an 1827 document conveying a number of slaves bought by Lewis Berkeley. Reference: (Acc. 9661)


570. SLAVE PASS


1 item, April 24, 1864
Engineering Department slave pass from Richmond. Reference: (Acc. 38-436-b)


571. SLAVE RECEIPT


1 item, September 30, 1824
Receipt for the sale of a slave woman and child Reference: (Acc 4400)


572. SLAVE SALE


1 item, December 27, 1841
A document authorizing the sale of the slave Reuben by Jeremiah Morton of Orange County to William W. Hume. Reference: (Acc. 3383)


573. "SLAVES AT THE UNIVERSITY OF VIRGINIA"


1 item, 1965
An eight-page typescript by James J. Thomas. Reference: (Acc. 8103)


574. SMITH FAMILY PAPERS


16 items, 1811-65, microfilm (M-609)
Correspondence, business, and legal papers of Nathaniel A. Smith and Mrs. Lavinia C. Smith of Louisa County and William O. Smith of Somerset, Orange County. Of special interest are slave evaluations made in 1840 by John C. Collins. Reference: (Acc. 4186)


575. ELIZABETH OAKES SMITH PAPERS


ca. 4,000 items, ca. 1820-95
Correspondence, diaries, literary manuscripts, essays, and newspaper columns of this nineteenth-century literary figure who was born in Maine and lived in South Carolina and New York. A diary she kept during the Civil War contains a lengthy description of the New York draft riot in 1863. Reference: (Acc. 38-707)


576. GERRIT SMITH COLLECTION


6 items, 1841-71
Five letters and one engraving of this noted American abolitionist and philanthropist. A September 22, 1841, letter to Pauline Wright was written on a pamphlet entitled Some of the Duties of an Abolitionist. Reference: (Barrett Library Acc. 7210)


577. HOWARD W. SMITH PAPERS


ca. 30,000 items, 1933-60
Files and working papers of this Virginia congressman who represented the Eighth Congressional District for thirty-five years. Smith became a powerful figure as chairman of the Rules Committee and was a strong opponent of civil rights legislation. Included in the collection is much material related to civil rights legislation and segregation. Reference: (Acc. 8731)


578. MARY WATSON SMITH PAPERS


90 items, 1814-84
Chiefly letters written by Mrs. Smith of Charlottesville to her sister. Her letters include comments on slavery. Reference: (Acc. 1624)


579. R. B. SMITH ACCOUNT BOOK


1 item, 1855-62
Account book kept by an Amelia County merchant. Included are many entries on two hired-out slaves, Henry and Phoenix. Reference: (Acc. 5800)


580. SOCIETY FOR THE PREVENTION OF ABDUCTION AND ABSCONDING OF SLAVES MINUTES


1 item, 1833-49
This Richmond and Henrico County society offered rewards for information leading to, or the actual return of, runaway slaves. Reference: (Acc. 9272)


580a. SOUTHERN ELECTIONS FUNDS PAPERS


ca. 5,500 items, ca. 1968-1975
Papers of the Southern Elections Fund including professional and personal correspondence of Julian Bond, the fund's chairman. Included are correspondence, mailing lists, newsletters, printed material, photographs, slides, videotapes, and miscellany produced by the various officers and trustees of the organization. The fund was established to funnel campaign funds and technical assistance to progressive southern political candidates. Support from the fund was instrumental in the election of many southern Afro-American candidates. Among the correspondents are Robert Struass, Lawrence F. O'Brien, Anne Wexler, Hubert Humphrey, William Brown, John Lewis, John Conyers, Andrew Young, Ralph David Abernathy, and Walter Mondale. Reference: (Acc. 10907)


581. SOUTHSIDE VIRGINIA FAMILY PAPERS


ca. 2,500 items, 1770-1920
Included are quite a few scattered references to slavery, such as doctor's bills for treating slaves, acknowledgment of pay for keeping a family of slaves for a year, bill of hire for a slave child, and an agreement for transporting and sale of slaves. A letter from the sheriff of Marion reports the capture of a runaway slave who had been traveling with a white woman; the slave had been dressed as a woman and his accomplice as a man. Reference: (Acc. 550)


582. SPAULDING PAPERS


22 items, 1859-65
The personal letters and diary of Henry S. Spaulding, captain in the 38th Company, New Jersey Volunteers. A March 25, 1865, letter from Spaulding to Lieutenant E. G. Smith describes a disturbance in camp caused by the "Colored Cavalry." Reference: (Acc. 38-156)


583. ALEXANDER SPOTSWOOD MANUSCRIPT


1 item, 1739
This Virginia colonial governor prepared a manuscript entitled "Proposals for Leasing My Ironworks at Tuball" in which he included a good description of how slaves were to be leased. Reference: (McGregor Library Acc. 425)


583a. STANLEY-CLARKE FAMILY COLLECTION


26 items, 1925-92
Papers and miscellaneous related items pertaining to the civic, social, and professional activities of a Charlottesville, African-American family: Mary C. Stanley (1901-91) and her brother, George Albert Clarke (1910-92), a World War II veteran. Items include Mary's beautician diploma and various materials regarding her membership in Blue Ridge Temple 67 (Daughters of the Improved, Benevolent, Protective Order of Elks of the World); military ribbons and insignia and a letter to George from a fellow soldier while stationed in France, May 1945; and a photographic china plate: "Future Home For The Need--Richmond, Virginia / Purchased by Virginia State Baptist Deacon's Convention and Women's Auxiliary, Inc." Reference: (Acc. 10396-B)


584. STEWART FAMILY PAPERS


ca. 900 items, 1829-41
Business, legal, and personal correspondence of a Richmond family, much of it involving the tobacco business. The frequent references to the buying and selling of slaves include a January 4, 1836, letter from Bryce Stewart to Daniel Stewart commenting on the price of slaves and noting that it was cheaper to buy slaves than hire them. Reference: (Acc. 7786-t)


585. WILLIAM STOKES CIVIL WAR DIARY


1 item, 1862-65
Brief diary of William Stokes, lieutenant colonel in the 4th South Carolina Cavalry, CSA. There are two entries on blacks: a September 14, 1863, description of a skirmish with a black outfit, the 1st South Carolina Negro Regiment, at Green Pond, South Carolina; and an engagement on June 28-29, 1864, near Stormy Creek in central Virginia where some 500 or 600 blacks were recaptured from Federal troops. Reference: (Acc. 7896)


586. HARRIET BEECHER STOWE COLLECTION


ca. 110 items, ca. 1825-95
Letters and manuscripts of the author of Uncle Tom's Cabin. Many of the letters discuss Stowe's and others' attitudes on slavery and mention individual slaves and episodes of slavery. Reference: (Barrett Library Acc. 6318)


STROTHER FAMILY GENEALOGY


1 item, 1983
Printed genealogy of Strother family by carol L. Merrill. Of special interest because it pertains to an African-American family with origins in Charlottesville. Reference: (Acc. 10953)


587. STUART FAMILY PAPERS


ca. 600 items, ca. 1650-1900
Business, legal, and personal papers of this family of Stafford and King George counties. The few slave references include a 1798 slave contract; a series of papers, 1835-52, including slave bills of sale; a group of papers from the trust estate of George Turberville of Fairfax County including lists of slaves and expenses for their clothes and their hires per year; and an 1862 deed of manumission. Reference: (Acc. 6406)


588. ALEXANDER H. H. STUART PAPERS


ca. 500 items, 1791-1895
Personal correspondence of this prominent lawyer and politician of Staunton. Included are such items as a slave sale in 1814, a will providing for transference of slaves, and a mounted clipping on the Virginia Secession Convention. There is a copy of the Report of the Joint Committee of the General Assembly on the Harpers Ferry Outrages, most of its twenty-four pages constituting a defense of slavery and an attack on the treatment of blacks in the North. Reference: (Acc. 345)


589. STUART-BALDWIN PAPERS


ca. 15,000 items, ca. 1780-1850
A large collection consisting almost solely of the legal, financial, and personal correspondence of Archibald Stuart and Briscoe Baldwin, lawyers from Staunton, and their related family letters. There are very few references to slavery, e.g., the June 6, 1820, sale of a slave and letters of April 10 and May 2, 1823, from P. H. Leuba to Miss Mary Jane Lewis discussing the health of slaves. Reference: (Acc. 228)


590. SYDNOR AND CARTER FAMILY PAPERS


ca. 50 items, ca. 1780-1905
Business and legal papers of William Sydnor of Christ Church Parish, Lancaster County, and the Carter family of Frederick County. Included are legal papers mainly involving the purchase and sale of slaves by William A. Carter. Reference: (Acc. 6405)


591. GENERAL WILLIAM BOOTH TALIAFERRO PAPERS


ca. 15 items, 1823-1939
A small collection of papers of this Confederate general from Gloucester County. Included is an 1862 slave list. Reference: (Acc. 4536)


592. TAYLOE FAMILY PAPERS


4 items, 1708-1890
Business ledgers of Henry A., Benjamin Ogle, and Edward Thornton Tayloe of King George County. A farm journal for 1850-69 contains annual slave inventories, a reference to runaways, etc. The 1708-10 Lloyd brothers' store journal includes an "Account of sales of a Cargo of Slaves Imported in the Leopard . . . from Guinea Virginia July 4, 1710." Reference: (Acc. 38-62)


[An account of the sale of a cargo of slaves, July 4, 1710.
Tayloe Family Papers.
]


593. TAYLOE FAMILY PAPERS


ca. 300 items, 1830-93
A group of business and family letters. Much of the correspondence is between Henry A. Tayloe in Alabama and his brother Benjamin Ogle Tayloe in Virginia and centers around the business of getting Virginia slaves to Alabama. There are many accounts of sales and prices. Other references to slaves and black farmhands after the war fill these letters. Reference: (Acc. 38-630, 5854)


594. TAYLOR FAMILY PAPERS


ca. 500 items, ca. 1800-1890, microfilm (M-2109)
Personal, legal, and business correspondence of this family of Westmoreland County. References to slavery include a December 31, 1863, letter from Henry Taylor refusing to hire out his slave to Thomas Watson because the slave was previously returned from Watson without the usual clothes provided and a June 5, 1865 letter of William Robertson in Charlottesville to Henry Taylor discussing and outlining the results of a meeting of "Masters" about how they would handle emancipation. Reference: (Acc. 4653)


595. TAYLOR FAMILY PAPERS


ca. 470 items, ca. 1760-1910
Personal and military papers of John Cowdery Taylor and Dr. Harry Taylor, Sr., of Norfolk. Included is a diary of the siege of Vicksburg in 1863. There are numerous references to slaves leaving masters or being taken by Federal troops. Reference: (Acc. 9965)


596. A. P. TAYLOR LETTER


1 item, July 12, 1844
This letter concerns a shipment of clothes for slaves. Reference: (Acc. 4561)


596a. TEMPLEMAN AND GOODWIN LEDGER


1 item, 1849-1851
A bound manuscript, account book of H. N. Templeman and W. H. Goodwin. Contains entries on their business of trading slaves listing date, name of slave, age, price paid, date of sale, name of buyer, and price received. Reference: (Acc. 11036)


[Pages, 1850, from the Templeman and Goodwin Ledger containing entries on the buying and selling of slaves. ]


597. THRIFT FAMILY PAPERS


20 items, 1825-75
Consists mainly of the private correspondence of Dr. George N. Thrift of Madison County. One letter of December 15, 1846, from Thrift to an unknown correspondent concerns a runaway slave named Adam. Reference: (Acc. 9153)


598. THURMOND FAMILY PAPERS


23 items, ca. 1820-1900
Included is an 1842-93 plantation account book with a few slave entries and a slave bill of sale of November 29, 1820. Reference: (Acc. 1490)


599. TIMBERLAKE FAMILY PAPERS


4 items, ca. 1780-1855
Family Bible records containing a few slave entries. Reference: (Acc. 9769)


600. TOOLE FAMILY PAPERS


ca. 700 items, 1860-1901
Correspondence of this Albemarle County family, mainly of John Toole. Included is a May 8, 1901, letter from a former slave to "old Mistress" (Jane Toole). Reference: (Acc. 4876-e)


601. KELLY WALKER TRIMBLE PAPERS


ca. 5,000 items, ca. 1770-1950, microfilm (M-791-93)
Consists of personal and business papers of the Trimble, Wilson, and Love families of Augusta County. There are scattered slavery documents such as deeds of sale in the Wilson papers dated January 13 and August 11, 1810, August 1, 1861, and January 1, 1863. Reference: (Acc. 7792)


602. TRIST, BURKE, AND RANDOLPH FAMILY PAPERS


ca. 1,500 items, 1721-1969
Mainly personal and legal papers of Nicholas Philip Trist and the related families of Albemarle County. There is very little mention of slavery in the personal correspondence except for a few scattered letters such as one of November 22, 1818, from Thomas Mann Randolph to Nicholas Trist mentioning an incident at a neighboring Albemarle plantation owned by the Higginbothams involving the hanging suicide of a male slave who apparently took his own life because of punishment inflicted by a new overseer. Reference: (Acc. 10487)


603. TUCKER FAMILY PAPERS


6 items, 1797-1843
Business ledgers of this family of Brunswick County. One of the volumes contains overseers' records for the period 1821-26. Reference: (Acc. 3483)


604. TUCKER, HARRISON, AND SMlTH FAMILY PAPERS


ca. 22,500 items, ca. 1790-1940
Business, legal, and personal correspondence of these three Virginia families, much of it involving the University of Virginia. Scattered references to slavery include a March 14, 1861, letter from Gessner Harrison to Eliza Tucker Harrison threatening to whip a "malingering" slave and an August 27, 1862, letter on the cost of winter clothing for slaves. Reference: (Acc. 3847)


605. NATHANIEL BEVERLY TUCKER PAPERS


ca. 100 items, 1857-61
Letters between Tucker and his relatives while he was serving as consul in Liverpool, England, in 1851-61. The letters from Virginia were mainly from relatives at Tucker's home in Jefferson County. Many of them contain news of the slaves: on January 30, 1853, the slave Mammy requested that she be taken to her grave in a hearse, and a March 28, 1856, letter mentions typhoid among slaves. Reference: (Acc. 10321)


606. HENRY TUTWILER PAPERS


19 items, ca. 1835-1950
Papers of Tutwiler and family of Virginia and Greene Springs, Alabama. Included are the alleged recollections of Le Grand Tutwiler, former slave of Tutwiler. Reference: (Acc. 10156-a)


607. TWYMAN FAMILY PAPERS


300 items, ca. 1790-1890
Business, legal, and personal papers of this Albemarle County family. Slavery material includes a February 15, 1838, letter from George Twyman to his brother and mother in which he mentioned hearing that they had lost a female slave and her baby; he was "very sorry to hear of your losses in your black's." Two daybooks have frequent entries on the hiring of slaves. Reference: (Acc. 7808)


608. JOHN TYLER LETTER


11 items, 1798-1868, microfilm (M-517)
Included in these letters is an 1857 letter by Tyler in which he commented on the African slave trade. Reference: (Acc. 3402)


609. UNIVERSITY OF VIRGINIA ARCHIVES


ca. 2,000,000 items, 1818-
Many of the early records contain information on slavery at the university, e.g., the faculty minutes, proctor's papers, and the board of visitors minutes. The president's papers are a good source for material on integration in the South and at the university in the 1950s and 1960s.

610. VIRGINIA COLONIAL RECORDS PROJECT


ca. 80,000 items, ca. 1580-1780, 960 reels of microfilm
This project was established in the 1950s by the Virginia Historical Society, Colonial Williamsburg Foundation, University of Virginia Library, and the Virginia State Library to reconstitute the archive of Virginia's colonial history through a systematic survey of records in public and private collections in England and to a much lesser extent in Scotland, France, and Spain and by ordering microfilm of many of the original documents. There is much on slavery and the slave trade. The two-volume work by Charles M. Andrews, A Guide to the Materials for American History, to 1783, in the Public Record Office of Great Britain, is a good guide to the British records and thus to the project. The 14,000 Survey Reports are available at all four participating institutions, and the microfilm may be borrowed from the University of Virginia. Preparation of a personal-name index to the Survey Reports is under way for eventual publication.

611. VIRGINIA COMMITTEE FOR PUBLIC SCHOOLS PAPERS


ca. 1,500 items, 1958-60
Personal papers of J. L. B. Buck as president of the Virginia Committee for Public Schools. Organized to keep Virginia public schools intact, this committee opposed the policy of "massive resistance" to school integration. Reference: (Acc. 7783, -a)


612. VIRGINIA LETTERS COLLECTION


440 items, 1776-1930
Included is an 1831 estate account of Lawrence Washington containing a list of slaves hired out. Reference: (Acc. 5736)


613. MISCELLANEOUS VIRGINIA LETTERS


ca. 50 items, 1803-81
Letters and legal and business documents by and about Virginians. Included are a number of slave documents, such as purchase and hiring agreements. Reference: (Acc. 7083)


614. WALKER FAMILY PAPERS


ca. 1,300 items, ca. 1780-1880
Mostly family letters of the Walker family of Rockbridge County. In the business and legal papers are a few scattered slave items, such as an 1825 letter referring to the sale of slaves to provide cash, an 1837 letter listing high slave prices in Missouri, and an 1837 letter discussing the need for slaves for rent in Missouri, at double the Virginia rates. Reference: (Acc. 1532)


615. MARY BALL WALL PAPERS


ca. 250 items, ca. 1850-1910
Mostly letters sent to this resident of Winchester. One letter dated May 1, 1864, discusses the deployment of black Union soldiers in that city. Several other letters contain general references to blacks. Reference: (Acc. 10482)


616. WALLACE FAMILY PAPERS


210 items, 1799-1880
Family correspondence and legal documents of this family of Albemarle County and the related Rogers family of Albemarle and Carter and Woodson families of Goochland County. An 1837-43 account book of Michael Wallace contains entries on the sale and hiring of slaves. Reference: (Acc. 2689)


617. WALLACE FAMILY PAPERS


ca. 115 items, 1750-1864
Primarily the papers of Dr. Michael Wallace and his six sons of King George County. Of special interest are the letters of his son Michael concerning a suit involving counterclaims on a female slave. Reference: (Acc. 38-150)


618. WALLACE FAMILY PAPERS


ca. 2,500 items, ca. 1790-1900
Business correspondence and documents and personal correspondence of Michael Wallace of Madison County. There are scattered references to slavery, such as a May 12, 1833, note of sale of a family of slaves to H. H. Wallace with the understanding that the family would be kept together; an 1837 list of the slaves on Michael Wallace's estate; and an April 22, 1833, letter discussing the price of slaves and stating: "The cholera has thinned the Negros much on the coast and the South generally and they are then said to be selling very high." Reference: (Acc. 10241)


619. WASHINGTON FAMILY PAPERS


ca. 500 items, ca. 1800-1875
Receipts, account books, deeds, and some correspondence of this Caroline County family. An 1830-47 notebook of accounts of John Washington with George Buckner contains notations on the hiring of slaves and the repairing of slaves' shoes. Laid in a farm account book of John Washington is a page detailing the birth dates of slaves for 1794-1838. Reference: (Acc. 3683)


620. WASHINGTON, LEWIS, AND MADISON FAMILY PAPERS


153 items, 1768-1866
Consists mainly of the personal and political correspondence of these 1 important Virginia families. In the Madison collection is an 1844 deed for slaves and a January 22, 1853, letter from John Tyler to Thomas Ritchie concerning the emancipation of slaves etc. In the Lewis collection are documents relating to free blacks, 1814-18. Reference: (McGregor Library Acc. 2988)


621. BOOKER T. WASHINGTON COLLECTION


4 items, 1901-4
Letters and one autograph of this black leader and educator. Reference: (Barrett Library Acc. 8337)


622. WATSON FAMILY PAPERS


ca. 10,000 items, ca. 1760-1890
Correspondence, business and personal, ledger books, bank books, farm account books, and sundry memorandum books of this Louisa County family. This collection is rich in slave material and may prove useful for quantitative approaches to slavery. Many of the journals and the private correspondence refer to slavery and particular slaves. Examples are a May 3, 1768, letter outlining medical treatment for a young male slave; an 1824-50 farm diary describing the division of slaves among the family members and the work performed; an 1858 account book in which pages 32-60 are devoted to a description of the work done by each slave; and an 1866 account book labeled "Freedman Accounts." Reference: (Acc. 530)


[ Page from the Watson Farm diary, 1858, Louisa County, Virginia, describing the work of the slave Jim.
Watson Family Papers.
]


623. WEAVER-BRADY IRON WORKS AND GRIST MILL PAPERS


ca. 1,500 items, 1824-78
Business papers of William Weaver concerning his mines, furnaces, and forges in Rockbridge, Rockingham, and Botetourt counties. The journal volume for 1830-41 is devoted to accounts for black workers. The volume for 1859-66 has a record of blacks vaccinated. A five- volume "Negro Book" for 1839-59 has such items as a "list of boys who came in sick." These volumes present a detailed picture of the use of slave labor in the manufacture of pig and forged iron. The accounts reveal a system of overtime work and compensation for the slave employees. There is brief mention of slave hire in the bound journals and daybooks, and the letterbooks and incoming loose correspondence provide additional detail. Among the loose papers is an 1863 inventory of William Weaver's estate which identifies the slaves owned by him. See also a bound ledger, 1865-72, with contracts and accounts of blacks who stayed on in various jobs after the Civil War. Reference: (Acc. 38-98)


624. WEBB-PRENTIS PAPERS


ca. 14,000 items, ca. 1770-1920
Correspondence, notebooks, journals, and manuscripts of these and allied families of the Tidewater area of Virginia. Material on blacks is generally sparse, but there are intermittent slave sales and wills, such as a valuation and division of slaves belonging to the estate of Archibald Allen, December 27, 1860, and a 1771 will of John Blair distributing his slaves. There is also a legal memorandum on petit larceny cases for slaves, and a public record lists names and ages of Virginia slaves belonging to the Prentis family. Reference: (Acc. 4136, etc.)


625. CHARLES C. WELLFORD LETTER


1 item, May 24, 1861
Letter requesting the exemption of plantation overseers from military service. Reference: (Acc. 1663-a)


626. WERTENBAKER FAMILY PAPERS


50 items, 1878-1916
Correspondence, legal papers, genealogical material, photographs, memorabilia, an account book, Masonic bylaws, and an obituary, chiefly pertaining to Dr. Charles P. Wertenbaker, graduate of the University of Virginia Medical School. An August 1, 1891, letter from George Wertenbaker to his brother tells of the drowning of a black boy in the old university reservoir (August 1, 1891). Reference: (Acc. 10619-a)


627. CHARLES P. WERTENBAKER PAPERS


ca. 1,000 items, ca. 1890-1915
Business and personal correspondence of this Charlottesville native while he was in the U.S. Public Health Service. Included is correspondence concerning tuberculosis among southern blacks. Reference: (Acc. 3619)


628. WEST INDIAN TRAVEL JOURNAL


1 item, 1800- 1801
A narrative by a Virginian, Robert Fisher, of his attempt to establish an ice market in the West Indies. There are a few references to blacks, including his description of a black man who piloted the vessel into Kingston and his general discussion of the loose morals of Jamaican white men and how they took mulatto women for concubines. Reference: (McGregor Library Acc. 3863)


629. SAMUEL WHITCOMB DOCUMENT


1 item, 1824
An interview with Thomas Jefferson on slavery and other subjects. Reference: (Acc. 2816)


630. WHITE FAMILY PAPERS


1,190 items, 1794-1921
Correspondence and financial and legal papers of the White and related Robertson families of Abingdon. The collection contains the business papers, 1807-38, of James White, lessor and operator of the King saltworks, Saltville, Washington County. There are also papers about cotton shipments and from the settlement of White's estate, 1838-78, including slave and land inventories and a record of property divisions. Reference: (Acc. 9372-b)


631. FLOYD L. WHITEHEAD PAPERS


48 items, ca. 1820-1900
Personal and business papers of this Nelson County resident. A temperance petition to the Nelson County court protests the selling of liquor and attributes unrest and rebellion among slaves to liquor. There is a March 14, 1837, letter from Milo Morris, apparently a slave of the Whiteheads who had the authority to buy and sell slaves, to "My Dear Master" (Floyd Whitehead). A May 15, 1839, letter from Robert Rives to Whitehead asks that Morris be kept away from Rives's slaves. Reference: (Acc. 8712, a-d)


632. JOHN S. WHITTLE PAPERS


2 items, 1838-41
Diary kept by Whittle, a Virginian, of an expedition to the Pacific islands in 1838 which mentions the sighting of a British slave ship. His comments on the natives of the various island groups reflect his racial attitudes. Reference: (Acc. 3227)


632a. J. WILDER LETTER


1 item, June 14, 1891
J. Wilder? to T. H. Canfield?, Bristol, re the lynching of a black man in the city and his own experience with mob justice. He discusses in detail his belief that the local government is corrupt. Reference: (Acc. 10961)


633. WILL OF MANUMISSION


1 item, September 3, 1846
The will of Mrs. Elizabeth Carter of King George County emancipating her three slaves Jack, Winnie, and Payne. Reference: (Acc. 5678)


634. JAMES PETER WILLIAMS PAPERS


ca. 700 items, 1854-89
Primarily the personal Civil War letters of this Confederate soldier, who infrequently mentioned blacks. A May 8, 1861, letter to his sister discusses blacks throwing up breastworks. Reference: (Acc. 490)


635. WILLIS FAMILY PAPERS


ca. 180 items, ca. 1760-1890, microfilm (M-2107)
Personal and business papers of this Wilkes County, Georgia, family. Included are a number of slavery documents, such as bills of sale; an August 27, 1830, power of attorney for the purpose of catching and returning a runaway slave; and a January 1861 list of slaves. Reference: (Acc. 8304-a)


636. WILSON, WHITEHEAD, AND HOUSTON FAMILY PAPERS


21 items, 1831-65
Personal, business, and legal papers of these Rockbridge County families. An 1840 letter from Jesse Scott to Thomas Wilson complains that the slaves had not milked the cows clean; a September 11, 1856, letter from James Whitehead in the Kansas territory states that "we met the pro-slavery army"; and a May 6, 1861, letter from N. [Willson] of Troy, N.Y., to E[liza Wilson] of Rockbridge County, expresses the author's views on slavery and the danger from bands of blacks during the war. Reference: (Acc. 38-490)


637. SUSAN COLSTON WILSON PAPERS


ca. 1,000 items, 1895-1960
Personal, financial, and legal correspondence of the Minor family of Charlottesville and the Wilson family of New Jersey. Included are photographs of Afro-Americans who were servants for the Minor family. Reference: (Acc. 10489)


638. WILLIAM WILSON PAPERS


7 items, 1791-93
Seven letters written by this Fredericksburg resident to Benjamin James in Charleston, South Carolina. In a January 18, 1793, letter, Wilson told of selling a slave to alleviate financial distress. Reference: (Acc. 9994)


639. ROBERT N. WINDSOR PAPERS


3 items, 1839-45
Two of the letters concern Windsor's 1839 shipment of slaves for another individual. Reference: (Acc. 2867)


640. WINFIELD FAMILY PAPERS


7 items, 1797-1894
Business and legal documents of a Sussex County family. Included are a bill of sale for a young male slave and an 1862 estate inventory listing slaves and their valuation. Reference: (Acc. 8509)


641. WINSTON AND DICKINSON FAMILY PAPERS


4 items, 1830-50
Bible records of these Louisa County families, including slave birth and death records. There is a copy of an 1851 letter to W. Winston from a member of the American Colonization Society about the shipping of manumitted slaves to Liberia. Reference: (Acc. 4762)


642. WISE FAMILY PAPERS


ca. 200 items, ca. 1740-1890, microfilm (M-1313)
Business and personal letters of John Wise of Bath County. Some references to slavery are included, such as a November 23, 1835, letter of John Wise to his son Henry, in which he related the necessity of selling a slave, Jane, and her subsequent attempt to burn down the place, and a deed of sale for a slave named Fleming in December 24, 1835. Reference: (Acc. 6741)


643. HENRY ALEXANDER WISE LETTER


1 item, October 31, 1846
A letter concerning the possibility that the ship Frederica was engaged in the slave trade. Reference: (Acc. 7939)


644. MICAJAH WOODS PAPERS


ca. 750 items, 1836-1926
Personal correspondence of this Albemarle County resident and his family. Much of the correspondence was during the Civil War years and contains many references to slaves. A December 17, 1864, letter mentions that Edmonia had run away to the Yankees with household goods; a July 2, 1863, letter mentions the effect of the escape of a slave named Henry on the rest of the slaves; a letter of July 2, 1863, describes Henry's capture and the resolve to sell him south. Reference: (Acc. 10279)


645. WORKS PROJECTS ADMINISTRATION FOLKLORE COLLECTION


ca. 6,500 items, ca. 1930-40
Copies of the records kept by workers in the WPA Folklore project. Of special interest are the ex-slave narratives and many interviews concerning black folklore. Readers should consult the published guide to the collection, An Annotated Listing of Folklore Collected by Workers of the Virginia Writers' Project, Works Project Administration: Held in the Manuscripts Department at Alderman Library of the University of Virginia (Norwood Pa.: Norwood Editions, 1979), compiled and edited by Charles L. Perdue, Jr., Thomas E. Barden, and Robert K. Phillips. Reference: (Acc. 1547)


646. RALPH WORMELEY LETTERBOOK


1 item, 1763-1802
Contains 200 business, legal, and personal letters of Ralph Wormeley of Rosegill, Middlesex County, mainly with merchants and political leaders. There are a few remarks about buying and selling slaves. Reference: (Acc 1939)


646. WRIGHT FAMILY PAPERS


16 items, 1839-89
A small collection of personal papers of Dr. William Wright of Amherst County. A letter of December 1845 from Macon County, N.C., to William Wright informs him that the writer was quite happy with a slave [Jourdin?] received from him and that Jourdin sent his regards to all, "both white and black." Also a letter of November 10, 1847, from Sheldon Wright to Dr. William Wright notes that Sheldon had sold his slave Nancy and her children for $740; he could have received a higher price if he had separated them, but he chose not to. Reference: (Acc. 3824)


648. YANCY FAMILY PAPERS


ca. 50 items, ca. 1780-1860
Legal and financial papers of this Culpeper County family. Included are an 1855 slave bill of sale, an 1848 will mentioning disposition of slaves, and an 1824 doctor's bill which includes treatment of slaves in Culpeper County. Reference: (Acc. 10094)


649. CHARLES YANCY ACCOUNT BOOKS


2 items, 1811-62
These volumes contain records of Yancy's three plantations in Buckingham County. One of the volumes has an eight-page detailed account of births, deaths, and the buying and selling of slaves. Reference: (Acc. 4459)