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History and Political Science

The Papers of James Madison
Secretary of State Series, vol. 5
16 May-31 October 1803

James Madison and David B. Mattern. Edited by J. C. A. Stagg, Ellen J. Barber, Anne Mandeville Colony, and Bradley J. Daigle

The Papers of James Madison project, housed at the University of Virginia, was established in 1956 to publish annotated volumes of the correspondence and writings of James Madison, the Virginia statesman most often remembered for his public service as "Father of the Constitution" and as fourth... More

The Papers of George Washington
Presidential Series, vol. 9
September 1791-February 1792

George Washington. Edited by Philander D. Chase

n the period covered by volume 9, the fall and winter of 1791-92, Washington was busy dealing with a host of issues. Over forty letters to and from Washington between November 1791 and February 1792 concern the problems arising from Pierre L'Enfant's high-handedness as designer of the Federal City... More

Shaman of Oberstdorf

Chonrad Stoeckhlin and the Phantoms of the Night

Wolfgang Behringer. Translated by H. C. Erik Midelfort

Shaman of Oberstdorf tells the fascinating story of a sixteenth-century mountain village caught in a panic of its own making. Four hundred years ago the Bavarian alpine town of Oberstdorf, surrounded by the towering peaks of the Vorarlberg, was awash in legends and rumors of prophets and healers,... More

If the King Only Knew

Seditious Speech in the Reign of Louis XV

Lisa Jane Graham

In May 1758, a bailiff named Jean Moriceau de La Motte was arrested for carrying seditious flyers and uttering mauvais discours against Louis XV. When he was questioned at the Bastille over the next several months, La Motte was unequivocal in his loyalty to the king, but his insistence failed to... More

The Moral Architecture of World Peace

Nobel Laureates Discuss Our Global Future

Helena Cobban

In November 1998, eight visionary recipients of the Nobel Peace Prize gathered on the grounds of the University of Virginia for two days of extraordinary dialogue. From the words of His Holiness the Dalai Lama to Archbishop Desmond Tutu's riveting description of chairing South Africa's Truth and... More

Beyond Nostalgia

Ruth E. Ray

For three years, Ruth E. Ray visited and participated in eight writing groups at six senior centers in inner-city and suburban Detroit, looking for ways in which the elderly fashion their memories through personal narrative. Her innovative book involves the reader in the construction of life... More

Legacies of the 1964 Civil Rights Act

Bernard Grofman, ed.

The 1964 Civil Rights Act, in conjunction with the Voting Rights Act of the following year, totally transformed the shape of American race relations. Supporters of the Civil Rights Act sought, at minimum, the elimination of racial segregation in publicly supported schools, hospitals, public... More

Slavery, Secession, and Southern History

and Louis A. Ferleger, eds.

For generations, Civil War historians have debated the causes of our great national conflict. They have argued about the centrality of slavery to disunion, the nature of master-slave relations in the Old South, and the impact of the war on postbellum race relations, politics, and culture. Slavery,... More

Jefferson's Empire

The Language of American Nationhood

Peter S. Onuf

Thomas Jefferson believed that the American revolution was a transformative moment in the history of political civilization. He hoped that his own efforts as a founding statesman and theorist would help construct a progressive and enlightened order for the new American nation that would be a model... More

The Papers of George Washington
Revolutionary War Series, vol. 10
June-August 1777

George Washington. Edited by Philander D. Chase

Volume 10 of the Revolutionary War Series opens with Washington headquartered at the Continental army's encampment at Middlebrook, New Jersey, about seven miles northeast of New Brunswick, the location of the main British force under General William Howe. From this strategic vantage point in the... More

The State against the Peasantry

Rural Struggles in Colonial and Postcolonial Mozambique

Merle L. Bowen

In 1975, the Front for the Liberation of Mozambique (Frelimo) led the country to independence after a ten-year guerilla war against Portuguese colonial rule. Peasants were essential to the victory, but once in power Frelimo evolved from a popular liberation movement into a bureaucratic one-party... More

The Papers of James Madison
Presidential Series, vol. 4
5 November 1811-9 July 1812

James Madison. Edited by J. C. A. Stagg, Jeanne Kerr Cross, Jewel L. Spangler, Ellen J. Barber, Martha J. King, Anne Mandeville Colony, and Susan Holbrook Perdue

Edited by J.C.A. Stagg, Jeanne Kerr Cross, Jewel L. Spangler, Ellen J. Barber, Martha J. King, Anne Mandeville Colony, and Susan Holbrook PerdueThis fourth volume covers events in James Madison's first administration between 5 November 1811 and 9 July 1812, corresponding almost exactly with the... More

Power versus Liberty

Madison, Hamilton, Wilson, and Jefferson

James H. Read

Does every increase in the power of government entail a loss of liberty for the people? James H. Read examines how four key Founders--James Madison, Alexander Hamilton, James Wilson, and Thomas Jefferson--wrestled with this question during the first two decades of the American Republic.Power versus... More

Native Americans and the Early Republic

Frederick E. Hoxie, et al., eds.

At the 1795 treaty council that sealed Anthony Wayne's victory at Fallen Timbers in northwest Ohio, the Wyandot leader Tarhe spoke for the assembled Native leaders when he admonished the American emissaries: "Take care of your little ones; an impartial father equally regards all his children."... More

Bloody Promenade

Reflections on a Civil War Battle

Stephen Cushman

On 5 and 6 May 1864, the Union and Confederate armies met near an unfinished railroad in central Virginia, with Lee outmanned and outgunned, hoping to force Grant to fight in the woods. The name of the battle—Wilderness—suggests the horror of combat at close quarters and an inability to see the... More

Sally Hemings and Thomas Jefferson

History, Memory, and Civic Culture

Jan Ellen Lewis and Peter S. Onuf, eds.

The publication of DNA test results showing that Thomas Jefferson was probably the father of one of his slave Sally Hemings's children has sparked a broad but often superficial debate. The editors of this volume have assembled some of the most distinguished American historians, including three... More

Southern Rights

Political Prisoners and the Myth of Confederate Constitutionalism

Mark E. Neely, Jr.

On the day Fort Sumter surrendered to Confederate authorities, General Braxton Bragg reacted to a newspaper report that might have revealed the position of gun emplacements by placing the correspondent, a Southern loyalist, under arrest. Thus the Confederate army's first detention of a citizen... More

"I, Too, Am America"

Archaeological Studies of African-American Life

Theresa A. Singleton, ed.

The moral mission archaeology set in motion by black activists in the 1960s and 1970s sought to tell the story of Americans, particularly African Americans, forgotten by the written record. Today, the archaeological study of African-American life is no longer simply an effort to capture unrecorded... More

The Papers of George Washington
Retirement Series, vol. 3
September 1798-April 1799

George Washington. Edited by W. W. Abbot and Edward G. Lengel

In the fall of 1798, Washington was immersed in the business of creating a military force to deal with the threat of an all-out war with France. A clash over Alexander Hamilton's rank in the army led Washington to contemplate resignation of his own post as commander in chief of the army, and the... More

The Papers of George Washington
Retirement Series, vol. 4
April-December 1799

George Washington. Edited by W. W. Abbot

In the spring of 1799, the relaxation of tensions between France and the United States allowed Washington to redirect his attention to his personal affairs. He drew up a new will that summer and made arrangements for the breakup of the estate he had amassed in the course of his life; but he also... More

George Washington's Diaries

An Abridgment

George Washington. Edited by Dorothy Twohig

CULLED FROM the six volumes of The Diaries of George Washington completed in 1979, this selection of entries chosen by retired Washington Papers editor Dorothy Twohig reveals the lifelong preoccupations of the public and private man.Washington was rarely isolated from the world during his eventful... More

Hidden Lives

The Archaeology of Slave Life at Thomas Jefferson's Poplar Forest

Barbara J. Heath

LIKE MONTICELLO, Thomas Jefferson's Poplar Forest offers a significant archaeological view of slave life at the turn of the nineteenth century in rural Virginia. In Hidden Lives, Barbara J. Heath re-creates the daily life of slaves at Jefferson's second home from 1773, the year he inherited the... More

A Republic for the Ages

The United States Capitol and the Political Culture of the Early Republic

Donald R. Kennon, ed.

THIS VOLUME in the United States Capitol Historical Society's Perspectives on the American Revolution series explores how the architecture of the Capitol is imbued with the political culture of its time. Editor Donald R. Kennon writes, "Just as the constitutional framework for the new nation... More

George and Martha Washington

Portraits from the Presidential Years

Ellen G. Miles. Preface by Edmund S. Morgan

RESPONDING TO a near-constant flow of requests, George and Martha Washington sat for about two dozen portraits from 1789 to 1797, collected here in this elegantly illustrated volume. From miniatures executed on ivory for family and friends to a historical portrait that depicts Washington during the... More

George Washington

The Man behind the Myths

William S. Rasmussen and Robert S. Tilton

TWO HUNDRED YEARS after Henry "Lighthorse Harry" Lee's funeral oration for George Washington, the eloquence of his words "first in war, first in peace, and first in the hearts of his countrymen" has caused most Americans to forget the clause that followed in which Lee located Washington's character... More