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Ecocritical Theory
Ecocritical Theory

New European Approaches

Goodbody, Axel, Rigby, Kate

One of the more frequently lodged, serious, and justifiable complaints about ecocritical work is that it is insufficiently theorized. Ecocritical Theory puts such claims...


Westernness
Westernness

A Meditation

Williamson, Alan

A first-person meditation on the literary and visual arts of the American West, Westernness: A Meditation explores how this region has developed its own distinct culture...


Reclaiming Nostalgia
Reclaiming Nostalgia

Longing for Nature in American Literature

Ladino, Jennifer K.

Often thought of as the quintessential home or the Eden from which humanity has fallen, the natural world has long been a popular object of nostalgic narratives. In ...


Story Line
Story Line

Exploring the Literature of the Appalachian Trail

Marshall, Ian

Many hikers on the Appalachian Trail take books as companions, in spite of the extra weight in their packs, but Ian Marshall carries the habit to new literary, ecological, and...


Eden's Endemics
Eden's Endemics

Narratives of Biodiversity on Earth and Beyond

Callaway, Elizabeth

In the past thirty years biodiversity has become one of the central organizing principles through which we understand the nonhuman environment. Its deceptively simple...


The Nature Fakers
The Nature Fakers

Wildlife, Science, and Sentiment

Lutts, Ralph H.

In 1903 John Burroughs published an Atlantic Monthly article attacking popular nature writers—among them William J. Long and Jack London—as "sham naturalists."

The...


Farther Afield in the Study of Nature-Oriented Literature
Farther Afield in the Study of Nature-Oriented Literature
Murphy, Patrick D.

In the 1990s, the emerging field of ecocriticism—nature-sensitive literary studies—began to establish and define itself. Arguing that the field has matured to the point where...


Back from the Far Field
Back from the Far Field

American Nature Poetry in the Late Twentieth Century

Quetchenbach, Bernard W.

Many poets writing after World War II have found the individual focus of contemporary poetics poorly suited to making statements directed at public issues and public ethics....


Novel Cultivations
Novel Cultivations

Plants in British Literature of the Global Nineteenth Century

Chang, Elizabeth Hope

Nineteenth-century English nature was a place of experimentation, exoticism, and transgression, as site and emblem of the global exchanges of the British Empire. Popular...


The Best and Worst Country in the World
The Best and Worst Country in the World

Perspectives on the Early Virginia Landscape

Adams, Stephen

From its earliest days, the Virginia landscape has elicited dramatically contradictory descriptions. The sixteenth-century poet Michael Drayton exalted the land as "earth's...


Going by Contraries
Going by Contraries

Robert Frost's Conflict with Science

Hass, Robert Bernard

One of the most vexing problems facing American modernist poets was how to find a place for poetry and religion in a culture that considered science its most reliable source of...


Shakespeare's Ocean
Shakespeare's Ocean

An Ecocritical Exploration

Brayton, Dan

Study of the sea--both in terms of human interaction with it and its literary representation--has been largely ignored by ecocritics. In Shakespeare’s Ocean, Dan Brayton...


Ossianic Unconformities
Ossianic Unconformities

Bardic Poetry in the Industrial Age

Gidal, Eric

In a sequence of publications in the 1760s, James Macpherson, a Scottish schoolteacher in the central Highlands, created fantastic epics of ancient heroes and presented them as...