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Byrd's Line

A Natural History
Stephen Conrad Ausband

BUY Paper · 176 pp. · 6 × 9 · ISBN 9780813921358 · $18.95 · Feb 2008

In 1728, William Byrd, the wealthy, English-educated master of Westover plantation, undertook a journey with a troop of commissioners, surveyors, and woodsmen to determine the exact boundary between North Carolina and Virginia. Byrd was not only an indefatigable explorer but also an amateur naturalist and diarist of considerable skill. He recorded the journey in two classics of colonial literature— The History of the Dividing Line and The Secret History of the Line—which showcase in varying measure his keen observations of natural phenomena, his erudition, his predilection for exercise and sexual conquest, and his witty and elegant prose.

William Byrd and Stephen Ausband are separated by almost three hundred years, but they share a similar literary inclination complemented by an amateur interest in nature. Like Byrd, Ausband has tramped the dividing line and returned with a lively, informative book.

Byrd's Line is Ausband's dialogue with Byrd across the years. It still requires a hike or a four-wheel-drive vehicle to reach the remote beach where Byrd began his survey. As Ausband slogs through the Great Dismal Swamp and the thickets and forests that Byrd wrote about, he interlaces his own adventure with quotations from Byrd. These range from descriptions of chestnut trees and passenger pigeons, both gone now, to accounts of the local inhabitants, both native and European.

Byrd often mused about what would happen to the land in the future. While some of the dividing line still feels like wilderness, it is crisscrossed today by bridges and roads, its forests felled and paved over for parking lots and subdivisions, its waters diverted or drained. Ausband's story, therefore, is a natural history of a changed region. It is also an accessible introduction to the mind and words of an extraordinary early American.


"Byrd’s published journals and Ausband’s own observations form the dual basis of Byrd’s Line, which reads like a journal, travelogue, and field book all rolled in one. Ausband likens the book to a conversation in which he matches Byrd’s recordings with our modern landscape.

Hampton Roads Monthly

"Ausband’s book is a labor of love and a bid to re-experience what Byrd saw, felt, and even heard.

William and Mary Quarterly

"By consulting segments of Virginia gentleman William Byrd’s writings as he worked on mapping the state line in 1728 and combining them with modern explanations of some of the explorer’s more colorful descriptions of what he saw, Ausband has written a lively book that features a dialogue between past and present.

Our State

"A... substantial work that is not only authoritative but also a pleasure to read.

Virginia Magazine of History and Biography

[Ausband's] deep appreciation of the original accounts and his own obvious shared enthusiasm for the study of natural history inform this genial and engaging work throughout.

Virginia Quarterly Review

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