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"In the Hands of a Good Providence"

Religion in the Life of George Washington
Mary V. Thompson

BUY Cloth · 272 pp. · 6 × 9 · ISBN 9780813927633 · $32.50 · Oct 2008
BUY Ebook · 272 pp. · ISBN 9780813930329 · $32.50 · Oct 2008

Attempts by evangelical Christians to claim Washington and other founders as their own, and scholars' ongoing attempts to contradict these claims, are nothing new. Particularly after Washington was no longer around to refute them, legends of his Baptist baptism or secret conversion to Catholicism began to proliferate. Mount Vernon researcher Mary Thompson endeavors to get beyond the current preoccupation with whether Washington and other founders were or were not evangelical Christians to ask what place religion had in their lives. Thompson follows Washington and his family over several generations, situating her inquiry in the context of new work on the place of religion in colonial and postrevolutionary Virginia and the Chesapeake.

Thompson considers Washington's active participation as a vestryman and church warden as well as a generous donor to his parish prior to the Revolution, and how his attendance declined after the war. He would attend special ceremonies, and stood as godparent to the children of family and friends, but he stopped taking communion and resigned his church office. Something had changed, but was it Washington, the church, or both? Thompson concludes that he was a devout Anglican, of a Latitudinarian bent, rather than either an evangelical Christian or a Deist. The meaning of this description, Thompson allows, when applied to eighteenth-century Virginia gentlemen, is far from self-evident, leaving ample room for speculation.


This is likely the best book that will ever be written on Washington and religion, and it may be as close as we will come to an understanding of Washington's Christianity.

Frank E. GrizzardDirector of the Lee Family Digital Archive at Washington and Lee University and, author of George! A Guide to All Things Washington

This useful monograph raises important questions and should prompt scholars to reexamine the role of religion in Washington's personal life and public career.

Paul K. Longmore, San Francisco State University · Journal of American History

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